Live Updates

June 2 coronavirus news

Schools in Hong Kong reopen after 4 months
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What you need to know

  • The numbers: More than 6.3 million cases of Covid-19 have been reported worldwide, including at least 379,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University.
  • Countries ease restrictions: Thailand, India and Mexico are among nations relaxing coronavirus restrictions. Rio de Janeiro will also begin opening some nonessential businesses and activities.
  • In the US: More than 1.8 million cases have been recorded, including over 106,000 deaths.
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Our live coverage of the coronavirus pandemic has moved here.

More than 31,000 people have died in Brazil during pandemic

Aerial view of the Nossa Senhora Aparecida cemetery where Covid-19 victims are buried daily, in Manaus, Brazil, on June 2.

Brazil registered a record 1,262 deaths related to the novel coronavirus over the past 24 hours, bringing the nationwide death toll to 31,199, according to its health ministry.

The country also recorded 28,936 new virus cases over the same time period, bringing the country’s total to 555,383, according to the ministry.

The state of São Paulo, Brazil’s most populous state and the epicenter of the country’s outbreak, also reported 327 virus-related deaths over the past 24 hours, bringing its death toll to 7,994.

On Monday, the World Health Organization warned the Americas are seeing a rapid increase in the number of new coronavirus cases

“I would certainly characterize that Central and South America in particular have very much become the intense zones of transmission for this virus as we speak,” Dr. Mike Ryan, WHO executive director of Health Emergencies Program.

He added: “And I don’t believe that we have reached the peak in that transmission, and at this point, I cannot predict when we will.”

The US should have a "couple hundred million" doses of a Covid-19 vaccine by start of 2021, Fauci says

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, speaks during a Coronavirus Task Force press briefing at the White House in Washington, on April 9.

The US should have 100 million doses of one candidate coronavirus vaccine by the end of the year, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and a member of the White House coronavirus task force, said Tuesday.

“Then, by the beginning of 2021, we hope to have a couple hundred million doses,” Fauci said during a live question and answer session with the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Fauci said the first vaccine candidate, made by biotech company Moderna in partnership with NIAID, should go into a final stage of trials in volunteers, known in the industry as Phase III, by mid-summer. Preparations at national and international sites are already under way, he said. 

“The real business end of this all will be the Phase III that starts in the first week of July, hopefully, “ Fauci said. “We want to get as many datapoints as we can.”

Phase III will involve about 30,000 people. The vaccine will be tested in people between the ages of 18 and 55, as well as in the elderly and in people who have underlying health conditions.

“It’s going to be the entire spectrum,” Fauci said.

Fauci said Phase II of the trial started a few days ago. A few hundred volunteers will be involved in that part of the trial.

The plan is to manufacture doses of the vaccine even before it is clear whether the vaccines work, making close to 100 million doses by November or December, Fauci said. That’s so if it does work, it can be deployed quickly.

Scientists should have enough data by November or December to determine if the vaccine works, Fauci said.

The AstraZeneca trial underway in the UK will follow a similar schedule. A handful of other vaccine studies should start just one to two months after that, he said.

“I’m cautiously optimistic that with the multiple candidates we have with different platforms, that we are going to have a vaccine that will make it deployable,” Fauci said. He is optimistic, he said, because, while the number of deaths from Covid-19 are “profound,” largely people recover from this disease. Recovery shows that there is an immune response that can clear the virus. 

“Which tells us, that if the body is capable of making an immune response to clear the virus of natural infection, that’s a pretty good proof of concept,” Fauci said. “Having said that, there is never a guarantee.” 

He said he is a little more concerned about what the durability of the response will be. People develop antibodies to fight common colds caused by other strains of coronavirus, but that protection generally only lasts about a year. That might mean people would need a fresh vaccine every year, as is the case with influenza.

More than 600 CDC staffers are deployed to support Covid-19 response in the US

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Tuesday more than 600 staffers are deployed to help local, state and tribal and territorial agencies work on containing and mitigating the spread of Covid-19.

At the same time, the CDC Foundation is “urgently recruiting” workers around the country for CDC’s Covid-19 Response Corps.

Among the 608 deployed CDC staffers, there were 112 CDC field team staffers deployed as of late May, the agency reported. California has the most CDC staff across the state, totaling 40 people. Twelve staff are deployed to support the Navajo Nation, seven staff are deployed with the Hopi Tribe and one person is deployed with the Yurok tribe, the CDC said.

At the peak, CDC had 198 field team staffers deployed in early May.

The deployments are part of are part of the CDC’s effort to bolster contact tracing efforts to help contain Covid-19. The teams were initially deployed across eight states in April, a federal health official told CNN previously. The health official previously told CNN the teams are “testing new technologies,” including “having people do self-swabbing and evaluating how effective that is. They are also looking at some mobile technology to look at contact tracing.”

Contact tracing is widely considered to be necessary in order to reopen the economy. Contact tracers work to track down anyone who might have been infected by a person who was recently diagnosed, which allows those contacts to quarantine themselves and prevent further spread.

On the same site where CDC updates its deployment figures, the agency included updated resources for local agencies, including a list of services providing paid or volunteer resources to support efforts around Covid-19.

Georgia health officials: We need to be "vigilant" about spread of Covid-19 during protests

Dr. Kathleen Toomey, commissioner for the Georgia Department of Public Health, gives updates on coronavirus data in the state, during a news conference at the Capitol in Atlanta, on April 27.

During a new conference on Tuesday, Georgia Department of Public Health Commissioner Dr. Kathleen Toomey told reporters Georgians need to be “vigilant” about the spread of Covid-19 during protests.

“When you have this many people gathered together, in close proximity, you run the risk of viral transmission. I think you add to that the fact that individuals have come from out-of-state where they may be, have even higher rates of infection and may be bringing it into our state and transmitting it as well,” she said.

She added: “And so I think that we are, we need to be very vigilant, we are proactively doing our analysis of our hotspots, because this, the situation is here not only in Atlanta but all the other locations where there have been peaceful protests.”

Toomey said the state is working to setup testing access for demonstrators, adding Atlanta first responders, National Guard, state police and others “may be part of this response team.”

“We want to ensure that the pandemic doesn’t spread because of this,” she said.

More than 106,000 people have died from coronavirus in the US

A factory worker applies the first coat of paint to a coffin in Lima, Peru, on May 29.

There are at least 1,827,206 cases of coronavirus in the US and at least 106,028 people have died, according to Johns Hopkins University’s tally of cases.

So far on Tuesday, Johns Hopkins reported 15,846 new cases and 863 deaths in the US. 

The totals include cases from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and other US territories, as well as repatriated cases. 

Virginia will begin phase two of reopening, governor says

Customers dine outside at The Inn at Little Washington in Washington, Virginia on May 29.

Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam signed an executive order today that will allow the state to enter into its second phase of its reopening plan starting Friday. 

This order will not apply to Northern Virginia and Richmond, which will continue to remain in phase one, according to a statement.

Under phase two, the release said, recommendations for social distancing, teleworking, and requiring individuals to wear face coverings in indoor public settings will continue. However, the maximum number of individuals permitted in a social gathering will increase from 10 to 50 people.

In addition, restaurant and beverage establishments may offer indoor dining at 50% occupancy. Fitness centers may also open indoor areas at 30% occupancy, and certain recreation and entertainment venues without shared equipment may open with restrictions. These venues include museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, and outdoor concert, sporting, and performing arts venues. Swimming pools may also expand operations to both indoor and outdoor exercise, diving, and swim instruction. 

The current guidelines for religious services, nonessential retail, and personal grooming services will largely remain the same in phase two. Overnight summer camps, most indoor entertainment venues, amusement parks, fairs, and carnivals will also remain closed in phase two.

College Board cancels plans for at-home SAT test later this year

The College Board is no longer preparing an at-home SAT test this year, the American organization announced Tuesday, as it continues to navigate testing in the United States during the coronavirus pandemic.

“The College Board will pause on offering an at-home SAT this year because taking it would require three hours of uninterrupted, video-quality internet for each student, which can’t be guaranteed for all,” according to a statement. 

When the May and June SAT test dates were cancelled earlier this spring due to safety concerns amidst the pandemic, the organization made clear that an at-home test option would be available if schools did not return to in-person instruction in the fall. 

The organization said it is working to expand availability of the SAT at in-person test facilities starting in August, with test dates every month and into January 2021, if there is demand for it.

The College Board also addressed the issues people have been having with registering for fall SAT test dates by calling on member colleges to accept scores as late in their processes as possible, consider students who have not taken the test on the same playing field on those who have, and keep in mind that students may not have been able to take the test more than once.

“We know demand is very high and the registration process for students and families under this kind of pressure is extremely stressful,” College Board CEO David Coleman said in a statement. “There are more important things than tests right now. In making these difficult decisions we focused on reducing the anxiety that students and families are experiencing this year. We therefore are asking our member colleges to be flexible toward students who can’t submit scores, who submit them later, or who did not have a chance to test more than once.” 

On May 28, the College Board opened registration for students most in need of a testing date, namely rising high school seniors, to reserve for fall SAT. 

Due to the high volume of registrations shortly after the registration window opened, the College Board tweeted that “students can expect interruptions and delays online,” as people continued to try and register.

US stocks finish higher as reopening continues

US stocks closed higher on Tuesday, holding on to their gains as investors chose to focus on the easing of lockdown restrictions.

Despite a race crisis fueling protests across America and worries about US-China tensions, stocks have been heading higher.

Here’s how things closed today:

  • The Dow closed up 1.1%, or 268 points.
  • The S&P 500 finished 0.8% higher.
  • The Nasdaq Composite rose 0.6%.

 It was the third day of gains for both the S&P and the Nasdaq.

At least 20 journalists have died in Peru from Covid-19

At least 20 journalists have died and more than 50 are currently infected with Covid-19 in Peru, according to Peru’s National Journalists Association (ANP).

Many of the victims were working in the country’s most affected regions, Zuliana Lainez, ANP’s secretary general, told CNN on Tuesday. 

These journalists were also more at risk due to their employment conditions, Lainez added. Eight of the 20 victims were not full-time workers.

“Our colleagues based in the regions and not in the capital don’t have an organization behind them to provide (personal protective equipment), many of them have been going to hospitals and markets just with home-made masks,” Lainez explained

ANP has asked the government to supply freelance journalists with PPE equipment so they can continue their work in the field. 

In Peru’s capital, Lima, larger media organizations improved conditions for media workers just a few weeks ago, Lainez claimed.

“Even a month after the lockdown, our colleagues were still interviewing people half-meter away from the interviewee in crowded markets. Now they have finally started to use long microphones for example, but this is only after a photographer from a TV station died,” Lainez said.

But the former president of Peru’s Public TV and Radio institute (IRTP) and journalist Hugo Coya estimates that the figures of journalists among Covid-19 victims could be much higher.

“There are a lot of them who don’t belong to any union and work as freelancers, so they are not officially accounted for anywhere,” Coya argues.

Some background: Peru’s Ministry of Transport and Communications approved a health protocol for TV and Radio employees at the end of May.

The protocol establishes measures related to disinfection and use of PPE equipment for TV and radio employees, according to a statement released by Peru’s Radio and Television Advisory Council (ConcorTV). 

The document also states that radio and television companies are responsible for monitoring the health condition of their workers, while the Ministry is responsible for monitoring any breaches to the guidelines.

But the directive does not include print journalists as the ministry is in charge of regulating only the radio and television industry, a member of the council’s communications team clarified.

Peru has the second-highest number of coronavirus cases in Latin America, following Brazil.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This post has been updated to remove a photo of a cemetery near Lima that was used in error.

Coronavirus task force members discussed possibility of virus spreading at protests, source says

Protesters demonstrate on June 2 during a "Black Lives Matter" protest in New York.

The topic of the protests spanning across the US came up at today’s coronavirus task force meeting, a source familiar with the discussion said.

Members of the task force discussed the “increasing” risk that the virus is spreading among protesters at the demonstrations across the US.

“It came up briefly in the context of increasing the risk of spreading infection,” the source said.

Top GOP senator: Next coronavirus recovery package will likely wait until July

Sen. Roy Blunt, R-Mo., speaks during a Senate Intelligence Committee nomination hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington on May. 5.

Sen. Roy Blunt, a member of Senate GOP leadership, said the Senate is not likely to move ahead with another recovery package in June and will likely wait until July to act to see what the economy needs. 

“My personal belief is we will do something before the August break — that’s about the right the timing,” he said.

As Blunt detailed the June schedule today, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell didn’t mention plans to take up another recovery package this month.

Farm workers at extra risk for Covid-19, CDC says in new guidance

Farm laborers with Fresh Harvest wash their hands before work on April 28 in Greenfield, California.

While the fresh produce does not transmit the new coronavirus, the people who are picking and processing this food could be at higher risk of infection, according to guidelines published Tuesday by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Farm workers often have to be in prolonged, close contact both in fields and indoors, the CDC noted. They often share tools and transport, the CDC noted, and can live in close quarters. “Farmworkers may have limited control over their environment in some employer furnished housing,” the CDC noted.

Agricultural workers also often have poor access to clean water throughout the day. Migrant workers who move from region to region could also carry the virus and the possibility that migrant workers moving from farm to farm could be spreading the virus to other communities, the CDC said.

Employers should clean and disinfect shared equipment, vehicles and housing, the CDC said. They should provide areas for safe isolation and care of sick workers and consider workplace health checks. They should provide soap and water and protective equipment including gloves, face masks and shields. Adequate ventilation is also important, the CDC said.

Employers should not penalize workers for taking sick days, think about staggering work shifts and reduce crew sizes. 

The CDC also offered guidelines on how to make shared housing and transportation safer, including providing supplies for cleaning shared surfaces and objects and increasing the number of vehicles or frequency of trips when transporting workers.

The CDC has been posting new targeted pandemic guidance for various groups almost daily on its website.

Here's where coronavirus restrictions stand across Latin America

A man wearing a face mask walks down a busy street in Cali, Colombia, on June 1.

Covid-19 cases are increasing rapidly in parts of Latin America. Yet, some countries in the region now are easing movement restrictions and moderately reopening their economies while others stand firm.

On Tuesday, WHO director for the Americas, Dr. Carissa Etienne, warned about epidemiological curves in the region sharply rising, and urged governments to “not open too fast,” or “risk a resurgence of Covid-19 that could erase the advantage gained over the past few months.”

Here’s a look at some countries that are standing firm on restrictions:

Argentina: Continues on mandatory lockdown until June 7.

Chile: The country’s main cities remain under quarantine. Chile never declared a full quarantine.

Cuba, El Salvador, Haiti and Nicaragua have not and are not announcing any easing of restrictions yet. 

And here are how some countries are easing restrictions:

Bolivia: Some districts across the country started a “dynamic quarantine” on Monday, allowing citizens to go out near their homes during specific times for weekdays and weekends. Religious services are also allowed with a maximum 30% capacity. Industries such as agriculture, mining, lumber, and construction can now resume their activities and domestic flights will resume on June 3.

Brazil: Parts of Brazil have begun reopening nonessential businesses and activities, such as churches, car shops, furniture and decoration stores. In the state of São Paulo, shopping malls, commerce, offices and real estate reopened on Monday. However, quarantine in the city of São Paulo — which is inside the state — has been extended until June 15.

In the state of Rio de Janeiro, some restrictions were lifted on Tuesday, allowing individuals to exercise on the city’s promenade and to swim in the ocean. Salvador, Recife, Fortaleza and Manaus have also lifted some of the restrictions.

Colombia: A gradual reopening started on Monday for hairdressers, shopping malls, museums, libraries and real estate. Outdoor exercise is also allowed for people over 70 and children over 6 three times a week, 30 minutes per day. Those between 18 and 69 years-old can exercise outdoors for two hours every day.

Costa Rica: The country entered phase 2 of reopening procedures on Monday, allowing national parks, museums and restaurants to operate with up to 50% capacity. Hotels can also reopen up to 50% capacity.

Dominican Republic: “Covidianidad” (COVID-19 life), a reopening measure will start on Wednesday. Churches will be allowed to host services on Sundays, small companies can resume work and big companies can resume activities with 50% of the staff. Businesses will be allowed to open in shopping malls and private passenger transport will also be allowed.

Ecuador: Airports in Quito and Guayaquil are resuming local and international flights at only 30% of the regular flight frequency. The government has reduced the stay-at-home number of hours ordered, while the use of masks is mandatory. Restaurants can reopen in most cities with 30% maximum capacity. The strict quarantine in Quito will be relaxed starting Wednesday.

Guatemala: The country begins phase one of its reopening by allowing people to be outside for a period of 13 hours a day.

Honduras: Companies enter phase zero of preparation for reopening on June 8.

Mexico: On Monday, some industries in parts of Mexico, such as mining, construction, auto parts, and tourism were allowed to reopen as part of the country’s “new normal” reopening measures.

Panama: On Monday, the country entered phase two of the “new normality.” Public construction and mining can resume, and places of worship, sporting and social areas, can reopen with a maximum 25% occupancy.

Paraguay: The country remains in phase two until June 11. Civil construction and corporate offices have resumed activities. Cultural and sporting events have resumed without audiences and some shops have also reopened.

Peru: The country enters phase two of reopening measures, allowing hairdressers, clothing, shoe and book stores to reopen. Specialty health services, dentists, fertility clinics, veterinaries, food delivery, IT companies, electrical services, carpentry, laundry, and repair services, are also ok to reopen.

Uruguay: The country continues to be praised by its virus prevention strategy and low number of cases; as it began easing restrictions in early May. On Monday, at least 403 schools resumed their activities, in addition to special-ed schools and universities, except in capital city of Montevideo.

Venezuela: The government announced a “flexibilization” of the restriction measures for five days, followed by a new 10-day quarantine. Municipalities bordering Colombia and Brazil, as well as Maracaibo, San Francisco and Zulia, are not included. During this five-day reopening, banks, doctors’ offices, dentists, the construction sector, blacksmithing and hairdressers, among other businesses, can resume operations during specified times of the day.

Active coronavirus cases in Italy drop below 40,000

Medical personnel and Italian Red Cross medical staff collect blood samples for Covid-19 serological tests, at San Paolo Hospital in Civitavecchia, near Rome, on May 30.

The number of active coronavirus cases in Italy has dropped to 39,893, a decrease of 1,474 since Monday, the country’s Civil Protection Agency said on Tuesday.

There have been 318 more patients diagnosed with Covid-19, bringing the total number of cases, including deaths and recoveries, to 233,515.

At least 55 people have died with the virus, raising the total number of fatalities to 33,530.

There are 408 people with coronavirus currently in intensive care, 16 fewer than on Monday. 

The number of people who recovered from coronavirus is now 160,092, an increase of 1,737 people since Monday.

New Jersey reports at least 51 new coronavirus deaths

New Jersey reported 708 new cases of Covid-19 on Tuesday, bringing the statewide total to at least 161,545, Gov. Phil Murphy announced.

There were 51 new deaths reported, bringing the total to 11,770.

There have been 33,318 positive cases in long term care facilities across the state, and 5,158 lab confirmed Covid-19 deaths. 

The state is now No. 15 in the nation in new cases per day, but still rank No. 1 in patients in hospitals and No. 2 in deaths per day, Murphy said. 

The state has now seen 32 cases of the Covid-19 linked inflammatory syndrome in children, state health commissioner Judy Persichilli announced. The ages of the children range from 1 to 18, and they have either tested positive for Covid-19 or for the antibodies. Most of the cases have occurred in adolescents who have been previously health.

Persichilli also noted that black and Hispanic children accounted for a disproportionately high number of the total cases — 26% of the individuals are black, 37% Hispanic, 26% white and 7% Asian, Persichilli said. 

No deaths have been reported due to the disease at this time, she said. 

Summer heat unlikely to stop the spread of coronavirus, NIH says

National Institutes of Health Director Dr. Francis Collins listens during a Senate Health Education Labor and Pensions Committee hearing on new coronavirus tests on Capitol Hill in Washington, on May 7.

Warmer weather is unlikely to stop the spread of the deadly coronavirus, Dr. Francis Collins, the director of the National Institutes of Health, said in a blog post Tuesday.

“Climate only would become an important seasonal factor in controlling COVID-19 once a large proportion of people within a given community are immune or resistant to infection,” Collins wrote, citing experts in infectious disease transmission and climate modeling.

“We’ll obviously have to wait a few months to get the data. But for now, many researchers have their doubts that the COVID-19 pandemic will enter a needed summertime lull,” he added.

President Trump repeatedly speculated early in the pandemic that summer heat would lessen the spread and possibly kill the virus altogether.

Collins said some lab experiments have suggested that increased heat and humidity might “reduce the visibility of SARS-CoV-2,” possibly in a way similar to other coronaviruses, like the common cold, that spread more slowing during warmer weather. But he emphasized that Covid-19 is different.

He pointed to a series of computer simulations published in the journal Science by researchers at Princeton Environmental Institute that showed how the virus will likely spread this summer.

“This research team found that humans’ current lack of immunity to SARS-CoV-2—not the weather—will likely be a primary factor driving the continued, rapid spread of the novel coronavirus this summer and into the fall,” Collins wrote.

He said the earlier studies that hinted hot temperatures could slow the pandemic down focused on better known infectious diseases. Even if one assumed the coronavirus was as sensitive to climate as other seasonal viruses, hot weather would not be enough to slow down its initial and rapid spread through the population.

“Less clear is how seasonal variations in the weather might modulate the spread of a new virus that the vast majority of people and their immune systems have yet to encounter,” Collins wrote.

However, researchers have suggested that as more people develop immunity, Covid-19 might fall into seasonal patterns similar to outbreaks caused by other coronaviruses.

Collins said he’s hopeful that the NIH will have developed effective treatments and vaccine for the virus long before that.

He also suggested that one of the climate models showed that, along with warmer temperatures, if people continue social distancing and wearing masks this summer, those actions could help slow the spread of the deadly virus.

More than 1.8 million coronavirus cases reported in the US

Workers collect information from local residents as they check them in at a drive-thru coronavirus testing location at Six Flags America May 29 in Bowie, Maryland.

There are at least 1,820,523 cases of coronavirus in the US, according to Johns Hopkins University’s tally.

At least 105,644 people have died in the US from coronavirus. 

The totals include cases from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and other US territories, as well as repatriated cases. 

So far on Tuesday, Johns Hopkins has reported at least 9,163 new cases and at least 479 deaths. 

Pennsylvania reports 100 new deaths from coronavirus

Pennsylvania reported 100 new coronavirus-related deaths, bringing the total number of fatalities to 5,667, according to a statement from the Department of Health.

There were also another 612 positive cases in the state for a new total of 72,894.

“As Pennsylvania continues to move forward in the process to reopen, we need to remember that the threat from Covid-19 has not gone away,” Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine said.

She continued: “As counties move into the yellow and green phases, we must take personal responsibility to protect others. Wearing a mask, continuing to maintain social distancing, and washing your hands frequently are all steps we can take to help protect others, including our most vulnerable Pennsylvanians, our essential workers and our healthcare system.”

No additional coronavirus deaths reported in Spain 

Dr. Fernando Simón, director of the Center for Health Emergencies in Spain, holds a press conference on the latest developments of the Covid-19 pandemic in Madrid, on March 11.

For the second consecutive day, there were no Covid-19 deaths reported by Spain’s Health Ministry, new data released Tuesday show. 

The total Covid-19 death toll has held steady at 27,127 since Sunday.

But, Dr. Fernando Simón, director of the Center for Health Emergencies, said “the data on the deceased are generating some problems” so the figure may have to be adjusted over the next day. Simón said one of the country’s 17 regional governments is having problems with reporting data to the central health authorities.

Speaking at the government’s daily coronavirus technical briefing, Simón stressed that while the death numbers are important, the priority right now for health authorities is to detect any new cases early, and to promptly track and isolate them.

There was an uptick of 137 new infections on Monday, bringing the total number of Covid-19 cases to 239,932, as reported by the Spanish Health Ministry.

Brazil could reach 1 million cases of Covid-19 in a few weeks, study projects

A government health worker checks residents of Santa Maria riverside community amid concern over the spread of Covid-19, in the southwest of Marajo Island, in the state of Para, Brazil, on June 1.

A Brazilian study by the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) projects that Brazil could reach 1 million cases of novel coronavirus and 50,000 deaths by June 20.

The study also predicts that the number of Covid-19 cases in Brazil will double in the next 18 days.

As of Tuesday afternoon, Brazil reports 526,447 cases of coronavirus and 29,937 virus related deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University data.

The study projects the peak of the epidemic in Brazil will occur in the middle of June.

UFRGS is a reputable institution in Brazil, as it ranks fourth best in the country, according to 2019 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

Another study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, projects Covid-19 deaths in Brazil will exceed 125,000 by early August, and continue increasing afterwards.

The study comes as parts of Brazil are set to reopen. Rio de Janeiro began opening some nonessential businesses and activities Tuesday after an announcement from Mayor Marcelo Crivella Monday. Crivella said he expects the Brazilian city to “return to normal” in early August.

Federal prison system does not test all inmates for Covid-19

Dr. Jeffrey D. Allen, medical director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, testifies at a hearing of the Judiciary Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, on June 2.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons does not test every inmate for Covid-19, but it is their long term goal to do so.

Speaking to the Senate Judiciary Committee on Tuesday, Dr. Jeffery Allen, medical director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, said, “We do not yet have the strategy in place to test all inmates.”

“We are not currently recommending that all inmates be tested unless those supplies are available,” he said.

Allen said they are working on “expanding our capabilities for testing,” but right now they only test inmates based on recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

A priority system has been created and they are “testing symptomatic patients, testing exposed patients, testing new intakes — and then going beyond that — testing inmates going out to the community coming back, from the community, being released,” he said.

Allen said they are not currently testing any of their own staff, instead relying “heavily on relationships and community partnerships for the testing of staff.”

He said with the greater availability of testing supplies, “The Bureau is working diligently to expand its own testing strategies for asymptomatic populations — including all new inmates on arrival, test and test out strategies for quarantine, testing close contacts, and a number of other criteria.”

Michael Carvajal, director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, said today across the US, they have about 1,400 inmates who are currently positive for Covid-19.

“We have 3,000 recovered. So, what I’m trying to say is that we have — at this point — more folks recovered, both staff and inmates. And I think that that shows that we are beginning to flatten the curve,” he said.

Carvajal added: “Prisons by design are not made for social distancing. They are on the opposite and made to contain people in one area.”

Italy introduces mandatory temperature checks for rail passengers

A woman waits to board a train in Rome on May 5.

Italy has introduced mandatory temperature checks for rail passengers in an effort to contain the spread of coronavirus, the country’s Transport Ministry said in a statement on Tuesday.

“In all high speed ​​stations, dedicated entrances are introduced for passengers on high-speed trains and Intercity trains to measure body temperature before boarding. If a body temperature higher than 37.5° C is detected, access on board the train will not be allowed,” the statement said.

Civil Protection Agency volunteers will also manage the flow of travelers inside the stations until June 15, the statement said.

Medium and long-distance trains will have a “simplified” on board food service, with meals and drinks delivered to the seat in sealed packaging by staff wearing masks and gloves.

The new regulations come ahead of Italy relaxing some travel restrictions starting on June 3, allowing interregional travel and foreign visitors from the European Union and UK, who will no longer have to go into quarantine. 

New Zealand to ease coronavirus restrictions after 11 days with no reported cases

People enjoy socializing with a drink outside at the bars in Auckland's Wynard Quarter on May 21 in Auckland, New Zealand.

With only one active case of novel coronavirus nationwide and none reported over the past 11 days, New Zealand’s government is poised to ease coronavirus restrictions as soon as next week.

“If and only if there are no further unexpected cases over the coming days, then we could be in a position to move to alert level one that week,” Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced on Tuesday.

The prime minister added that the last remaining restrictions on physical distancing and on mass gatherings would be removed, and that strict border controls would remain to prevent new infections from arriving overseas.

Arden said further details on alert level one will be given out this week.

Some background: New Zealand confirmed its first case of coronavirus on February 28.

By March 25, New Zealand had moved to the strictest level four lockdown, with people told not to leave home except for essential exercise, while maintaining social distancing. 

Foreign nationals were banned from entering the country, nonessential businesses were closed, events and gatherings were canceled, schools were closed to all children, public transportation was reserved for essential workers, and discretionary domestic air travel between regions was banned.

“Our strategy of going hard and early has paid off, and in some cases beyond expectation and what modeling and data had predicted,” Arden said. 

New coronavirus cases "at an all time low" in New York, governor says

New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo speaks during a coronavirus briefing in Albany, New York, on June 2.

New Covid-19 cases is “at an all time low” in New York State, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said at a news conference today.

The state reported 58 deaths yesterday, up just slightly from Sunday’s total of 54, Cuomo said, saying the number is “just about as low as we have seen it.”

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