April 25 coronavirus news

By Julia Hollingsworth, Brett McKeehan, Tara John, Fernando Alfonso III and Amir Vera, CNN

Updated 9:00 p.m. ET, April 25, 2020
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10:44 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

How to talk to your children about structural racism during the pandemic

In a moment caught on video, CNN producer Tawanda Scott heard her daughter talking to her friend about coronavirus.

Her daughter's friend said, "they said it's hitting African-Americans especially hard."

This moment was aired today during the CNN and Sesame Street coronavirus town hall where Dr. Wanjiku F.M. Njoroge, a child psychiatrist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, discussed how challenging these types of conversations can be with children.

"I think it's a hard discussion to have with your child to talk about structural racism," Njoroge said.

Njoroge said helping kids understand why communities of color have been impacted differently is difficult.

The best way to approach the topic is to be honest and tell them what we know.

"We can be honest saying, as we know from the information gathered, that families of color, people of color are dying in greater numbers across the United States and some parts of the world as well," Njoroge said.

She said parents should reassure their child that following guidelines will help protect them.

"But it's again reassuring the child that even though this is a scary time and there are scary things going on, that by following all of the recommendations we've been talking about this morning that is our best hope to protect ourselves and protect our families," Njoroge said.

Watch:

10:40 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

More than 20,000 people have died in the UK from coronavirus

From CNN's Lindsay Isaac

There have now been more than 20,000 hospital deaths from coronavirus in the United Kingdom, according to the Department of Health and Social Care.

According to the latest figures released on Saturday, 20,319 patients have died.

In total, 148,377 people in the country have tested positive for Covid-19.

Read the health department's tweet:

10:29 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

Pediatrician encourages children to eat healthy during the pandemic

Dr. Edith Bracho-Sanchez, a pediatrician in New York City, encouraged children to eat healthy and exercise while staying at home during the coronavirus pandemic.

Bracho-Sanchez was a guest this morning on CNN and Sesame Street's coronavirus town hall.

"We need to try to eat our smoothies, eat our veggies and get enough sleep and exercise. Not fighting bedtime. And really having those dance parties. I strongly recommend those," Bracho-Sanchez said.
10:20 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

Kids should spend less time on electronics for personal entertainment, Dr. Sanjay Gupta says

From CNN's Elise Hammond

Dr. Sanjay Gupta said it is important for kids to spend less time on phones and laptops for their own entertainment since they are getting so much screen time completing school assignments online.

Gupta said one way to maintain a healthy balance of screen time is to take breaks.

"Kids are home on their screens quite a bit for school. I think one of the things we've done, and looking at some of the advice from the pediatric community, is to make sure they're taking breaks from the screen," he said.

Taking breaks and helping your kids get away from the screen is also important to prevent things like headaches.

"It has to be sort of a different break structure than maybe in the classroom, in part just because you need to get away from the screen, but also in part because there can be headaches and things like that that come on from too much full-on screen time," Gupta said.

Sundai Riggins, an elementary school principal in Washington, DC, said giving children activities to do outside is another good way to set boundaries with electronics.

"I think that giving kids boundaries for sure is helpful in managing screen time. I also think that finding more extensions of activities outdoors... it could be helping with planting a garden or some yard work or some exploratory activities outside," Riggins said.

10:07 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

Distance learning has helped quieter students express themselves, school principal says

Sundai Riggins is an elementary school principal in Washington, DC, who discussed the challenges of distance learning during the CNN and Sesame Street coronavirus town hall this morning.

Riggins noticed that distance learning has helped quieter students express themselves.

"We have learned a lot about distance learning and about the different learning styles of students. We've actually noticed quite a few of our students who maybe aren't as talkative in class and maybe don't express themselves as much actually express themselves much more when responding during distance learning time," Riggins said. "We also find that students have shown that they sometimes are frustrated, and really miss us. We have a window of time that is reflective of the school day, but, of course, now that kids are connected, we find that kids are calling us on the weekends or sort of after hours to work on assignments and sometimes just to talk and connect."
10:09 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

Let kids feel their emotions during stressful times, child psychiatrist says

From CNN's Elise Hammond

Dr. Wanjiku F.M. Njoroge, the director of the Young Child Clinic at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, said it is important for children to have an outlet to express what they are feeling during the coronavirus pandemic.

"For kids, it's important as we just stated to let them feel their emotions and assure them what they're feeling is okay," she said.

Njoroge, who is a child psychiatrist, said using creative strategies like art is a good way to help kids work through emotions.

"We're all stressed and tired and anxious and scared and all of that is okay and they can work through some of those things by playing or drawing," Njoroge added.

She said there are several resources to help parents work through their child's emotions with them –– including Sesame Street and the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Watch:

9:44 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

No evidence that people who had coronavirus are immune from second infection, WHO warns

From CNN's Lindsay Isaac

The World Health Organization is warning that people who have had coronavirus are not necessarily immune by the presence of antibodies from getting the virus again.

“There is no evidence yet that people who have had Covid-19 will not get a second infection,” the WHO said in a new scientific brief.  

The WHO is warning against governments issuing “immunity passports” to people who have had Covid-19, assuming they are safe to resume normal life.

“At this point in the pandemic, there is not enough evidence about the effectiveness of antibody-mediated immunity to guarantee the accuracy of an 'immunity passport' or 'risk-free certificate,'" the brief said.

The WHO published the brief as guidance on adjusting public health and social measures for the next phase of the COVID-19 response.

“People who assume that they are immune to a second infection because they have received a positive test result may ignore public health advice. The use of such certificates may therefore increase the risks of continued transmission," the WHO said.

The health agency says it is reviewing evidence on antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19-infection. The brief says “most” of the studies show that people who have “recovered from infection have antibodies to the virus.”

But as of yesterday, no study has “evaluated whether the presence of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 confers immunity to subsequent infection by this virus in humans.

9:51 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

Dr. Sanjay Gupta shows children how to properly wash their hands

Dr. Sanjay Gupta showed children the proper way to wash their hands this morning during CNN and Sesame Street's coronavirus town hall.

Gupta instructed children to sing the "Happy Birthday" song twice while they wash in order to make sure they are thoroughly clean.

"In order to show you how to properly wash your hands I but a little glitter on my hands. That's dirt the challenge to get this up. And I put some dirt and I sing happy birthday twice," Gupta said in a video made for Sesame Street's Elmo.

Watch:

9:47 a.m. ET, April 25, 2020

Children older than 2 should wear a mask in public, Dr. Sanjay Gupta says

From CNN's Elise Hammond

Dr. Sanjay Gupta explained the importance of wearing a mask during the coronavirus pandemic to children on the CNN and Sesame Street coronavirus town hall this morning.

"The masks are a way to prevent from you spreading germs even as you just breathe," he said.

Gupta said children under 2-years-old do not need to wear a mask, but children older than 2 should wear a mask when they are in public and around other people

"You don't need to sew to make a mask. You can easily make one. You can even decorate your own mask with items you have at your house," Gupta told Sesame Street's Elmo as he demonstrated how to fold a bandana into a face covering.

One child asked Gupta if he can go to the grocery store with his mom now that he has a homemade mask.

"It's important to remember to stay home as much as possible," Gupta said. "That's the first thing. But if you do have to go out in public, you can wear a mask and also practice something season as social distancing."

Watch: