Editor's Note — Coronavirus cases are in flux across the globe. Health officials caution that staying home is the best way to stem transmission until you're fully vaccinated. Below is information on what to know if you still plan to travel, last updated on July 2.
(CNN) — If you're planning a trip to Uruguay, here's what you'll need to know and expect if you want to visit during the global coronavirus pandemic.
Uruguay successfully kept a lid on Covid-19 cases at the start of the pandemic, but the second wave and its variants have hit hard. The small country now has one of the highest death rates per capita in the world.
What's on offer
Often overlooked by travelers in favor of neighboring Argentina and Brazil, Uruguay is one of South America's loveliest countries. Montevideo, the coastal capital on the River Plate, is perfect for strolling, while the wild Atlantic coast has some of South America's most impressive beaches. And then there's the wine -- Uruguay's tannat grape has been much maligned in the past but is having a resurgence of popularity. A new crop of modern vineyards around Jose Ignacio means this is swift becoming one of the fanciest wine regions in South America.
Who can go
No visitors, as of yet -- although there's a glimmer of hope on the horizon. Uruguay had mooted a reopening in March 2021, but with the virus now taking hold in the country, there's no sign yet of the borders opening.
There were reports earlier in March that the country might open its borders over Holy Week (March 28 to April 3) to visitors who have been vaccinated or who have already had the virus. This hasn't transpired, although domestic tourism is allowed.
Now, with infection rates soaring in the second wave, there's no sign of restrictions easing on the horizon.
What are the restrictions?
Returning nationals and permanent residents must show proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure and provide a sworn statement confirming the absence of symptoms. They must also confirm that to their knowledge they have had no contact with any Covid-positive patients in the past 14 days.
All arrivals must undertake seven days of quarantine, at which point there is the option to take a further PCR test, and be released if it is negative. Those who do not wish to take a second test can quarantine for 14 days instead.
All arrivals must also have insurance covering treatment for Covid-19.
There are not yet any details about what would be required of vaccinated visitors.
What's the Covid situation?
Uruguay has registered a total of 370, 600 Covid cases as of July 2. Although that doesn't sound as much as other countries, at the start of March, there had been just 60,000 cases over the whole pandemic. Deaths have rocketed, from a total of 928 at the end of March to 5,619 as of July 2. It now has one of the highest death rates per capita in the world.
The rise was initially blamed by some experts on domestic tourism, which many had hoped would help save the beleaguered economy at a time when foreign visitors are not permitted. However, news of the new Brazilian variant (there was much border traffic between Brazil and Uruguay before the most recent border closure) could also explain the rise in cases. The discovery of the Brazilian variant also means that Uruguay has gone from a low-risk country welcomed by most others in the world, to being banned even by Sweden and the UK, which have notoriously high death rates.
As of July 2, 49.31% of the population is fully vaccinated.
What can visitors expect?
Although there's no official lockdown -- President Luis Lacalle Pou has opted for what he calls "responsible liberty" -- Uruguay has mandated the use of masks and social distancing. Many bars and restaurants remain shut until further notice, although some are offering delivery. Police patrol markets to ensure that the rules are being followed, and those under 65 are asked not to shop between 8 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. so that older people can do so safely.
The mayor of Maldonado, home to some of the country's best beaches, has told local media that he is discouraging tourism, and that if he could block the roads from Montevideo to his area, he would. Two natural parks in the area have been closed, though others remain open.
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