(CNN) — The coronavirus pandemic has turned the United States' fine dining landscape into the Wild West. Many restaurants closed their doors while others look for alternative ways to keep serving food.
As Michelin-starred restaurants wade into the world of takeout and delivery, fine dining looks a lot different nowadays.
Many have put their plating tweezers down and moved molecular gastronomy techniques to the back burner in favor of comforting, soul-nourishing meals.
Designing a new model
Called Family Meal, Canlis' takeaway four-course dinners serve two to four people.
Canlis in Seattle, one of the first US cities to be seriously hit by the virus, started brainstorming new models of business in the beginning of March. Upon closing the dining room, it opened in quick succession a drive-thru burger operation, a bagel shed and their pre-made meals for delivery and takeaway.
The first two ideas proved to be popular -- too popular, in fact, causing traffic problems in the neighborhood -- so it ceased operations on the burgers and bagels and refocused solely on meal kits.
Called Family Meal, the four-course dinners, which can be ordered on reservation system Tock, serve two to four people and are priced anywhere from $46 to $95 a head.
Menus at Canlis in Seattle change daily and feature dishes such as meatballs, rabbit pot pie and a crab boil.
Menus change daily and feature dishes such as meatballs, rabbit pot pie and a crab boil.
"It doesn't make sense for us to do our more meticulous, manicured, fine dining food," says third generation co-owner Mark Canlis.
"That's not what Seattle needs right now — and you can't package that up and put it in a box anyway."
However, he still stresses the food is fine dining, just reimagined. "We're taking our dry-aged steaks and grinding them down into meatball marinara sauce.
The ducks we used to do tableside are now used in a duck cassoulet," he explains.
As any restaurateur knows, food is only part of the equation. Ambiance counts toward the overall experience as well. Every evening, Canlis live-streams piano — an iconic part of the dining room — so guests can recreate the Canlis vibe in their homes. For Chicago gastronomes, no announcement was more enticing than The Alinea Group's pivot to takeout. The group counts award-winning Alinea, Next and Roister restaurants, as well as cocktail den The Aviary, under its umbrella.
When co-owner Nick Kokonas starting seeing reservations at restaurants across the country plummet in the coronavirus wake, he knew action was needed.
Citing Canlis as inspiration — "they do a lot of creative things like we do," says Kokonas — they prepared to "get rid of our restaurant as we used to know it, as a modernist cuisine temple, and figure out how to serve [hundreds of] meals a night as carry out," he says.
(Hundreds is an understatement. Alinea produces 1,250 dinners per day, suggesting the appetite for high-quality takeout is high in Chicago.)
Each restaurant in The Alinea Group now offers a single dish, which changes frequently. "One of the things that's really important is to do one thing really well."
Each restaurant in The Alinea Group now offers a single dish such as coq a vin at Alinea.
Grant Achatz/The Alinea Group
"Instead of offering a giant carry out menu of 80 items, it's much better to come up with something very, very awesome, precise and simple to execute."
This scalable approach translates into the $39.95-a-head coq a vin from Alinea, a $24.95-per-person lasagna from Roister or $65 mimosas and ready-to-bake pastries from The Aviary.
Kokonas is keen on takeout not only because it keeps workers employed, but it potentially prevents food scarcity in the city. Between grocery stores and restaurants, "you've spread out your food distribution into many, many nodes. More points of opportunity means less chance of failure," he explains.
At two-Michelin-starred Acadia in Chicago's South Loop, chef-owner Ryan McCaskey offers á la carte items culled from the restaurant's bar menu and from his seasonal Maine restaurant, Acadia House Provisions.
Not all chefs feel the need to completely throw out their playbook.
At two-Michelin-starred Acadia in Chicago's South Loop, chef-owner Ryan McCaskey offers á la carte items culled from the restaurant's bar menu and from his seasonal Maine restaurant, Acadia House Provisions, rather than try to retrofit Acadia's tasting menu bites into a delivery format.
As he gains solid footing under him, he's introducing composed dishes, such as the fan-favorite deconstructed lobster pot pie that appeared on Acadia's opening menu, into the takeaway repertoire.
A new kind of soul food
It's often been said chefs cook from the heart, but just because the food is now in a bowl or box doesn't mean they can't still tell their story.
Fabián Von Hauske, co-owner of tasting-menu restaurant Contra and natural wine bar Wildair in Manhattan, relaunched with a completely new model that combines the energy and cuisine of both places, right down to the name of the single-serving bowl: Contrair.
"We wanted to do something that we haven't done before because this is a new thing for everyone; we just need to approach it like that," he says.
Contra and natural wine bar Wildair in Manhattan, relaunched with a new model that combines the energy and cuisine of both places, right down to the name of the single-serving bowl: Contrair.
Fabian von Hauske Valtierra/Contrair
The bowls, such as a spicy lamb stew or crab congee, meld Von Hauske's Mexican and his co-owner Jeremiah Stone's Chinese heritages. "It's food we really enjoy eating and food that really means something to us," Von Hauske explains.
A selection of natural wines, also available for delivery, round out the offerings.
For acclaimed chef Dominique Crenn, "My primary thought was: "OK, well, is it about us surviving or is it about us being at the service of the community?" she said.
Although Crenn has several restaurants to her name, she notes that all are small operations — the largest has 38 seats — and she needed to focus her energy in one place to achieve her vision of serving the greater good.
Crenn designed her Crenn Kits, which feed one to six people and are priced at $38 or $55 per person, around the healing properties of food.
As a cancer survivor, Crenn believes nutrition is paramount; food should be "good for the soul and good for the immune system," she says, and the kits often contain ingredients cultivated at her organic and biodynamic farm in Sonoma, California.
Soup plays heavily in the menu, as do vegetables.
The emotional impact of being well-fed with low-stress is also important to Crenn; she hopes the kits alleviate the burden of yet another task for parents who now balance working from home with their children's schooling or the elderly who may be house-bound.
Crenn also recently launched Vitabowl, a new project in which she's a partner.
The vegetarian superfood bowls, as Crenn describes them, were fast-tracked for the Covid-19 pandemic. Priced $12 to $14 and sold at her restaurant and in certain food markets in the San Francisco area, she sees them as another way to provide nourishment to the community.
Option to elevate
While the takeout trend leans into affordable, comfort-food meals, chef Hiroki Odo of the 14-seat kaiseki speakeasy o.d.o by ODO in New York City recently unveiled a new high-end catering option.
The $250-a-head, five course kaiseki meal is a luxurious counterpoint to the affordable $18 sushi boxes he first released (and still offers) when the restaurant closed.
The $250-a-head, five course kaiseki meal is a luxurious counterpoint to the affordable $18 sushi boxes o.d.o. first released (and still offers) when the restaurant closed.
Odo wanted to use more high-end ingredients, like what he uses in the restaurant, he explained through a translator, and offer guests something more upscale if they're looking for an elevated experience in their home.
Supporting the greater good
Through the new delivery and takeout model, restaurateurs find they can support new endeavors that affect positive change in society.
Crenn partnered with Lexus (she's a culinary master for the company) to ramp up production of her Crenn Kits so she can donate meals to health care workers on the front lines.
In addition to Family Meal, Canlis sells what they call CSA boxes, which contain ingredients from their purveyors.
By opening up a direct-to-consumer channel for its suppliers, Canlis is keeping its vendors afloat. Acadia hosts a farmers market every Saturday where unemployed restaurant workers — one of the hardest-hit industries — can pick up donated products and get foodstuffs for the week, free of charge.
Coveted table during Covid-19
Takeaway from these fine-dining spots is the hot new reservation: Alinea has a waiting list of 1,000 orders.
Every. Single. Night.
And no wonder; people who normally wouldn't be able to patronize the restaurant get the opportunity to experience Michelin-starred cuisine at a fraction of the price, while regulars can support their favorite establishments.
Jill Adams, a kindergarten teacher in Austin, Texas, saw the James Beard-awarding winning restaurant Uchi was offering takeaway through the venue's social media.
"We would consider it our favorite restaurant and think it's incredible food," she says.
"It certainly is a high-end restaurant and it would be a special occasion for our family."
Given the circumstances, ordering from Uchi was a way for Adams to "engage in some normalcy and celebrate life."
Kokonas sees his regulars picking up from Alinea one night, sister restaurant Next another night, and says the oft-changing menu entices repeat business.
He calls the experience "joyful" and says, "starting at around 6 p.m. every night, my Twitter feed is a bunch of people posting pictures and saying, 'Hey, how does my plating look?' " he laughs.
Mark Canlis' favorite moment thus far was on one of his delivery shifts (yes, even the boss works delivery.)
"I show up and there's a sign taped to the screen door and it says, 'Welcome to Canlis,' he recalls. "And it wasn't for me, it was for [the customer's] wife. [The customer] said, 'It's the one time I've taken my sweatpants off all week. I'm getting dressed up for my wife.'
"That's the response," says Canlis. "That's what's going on. It's not just that you're sharing someone dinner, you're reminding them of a time that seems like a long time ago, and you're giving them an excuse to just celebrate."