Amazing Algarve: It's been a prime package-tour destination since the 1960s but away from the resorts southern Portugal's Algarve region has much to offer.
Paul Ames
Praia do Camilo: The coast is pockmarked with dozens of sandy coves at the base of steep, ochre-colored cliffs. Praia do Camilo on the outskirts of Lagos is a golden crescent accessed by 200 wooden steps.
Paul Ames
Porches: The chapel of Nossa Senhora da Rocha stands on a pencil-thin promontory between the beaches of Praia da Senhora da Rocha and Praia Nova in the town of Porches.
Paul Ames
Praia da Marinha: Often appearing in lists of best beaches, Praia da Marinha is famed for its yellow rock formations rising from a lapis-lazuli sea.
Paul Ames
Odeceixe: This gem of a beach on the Algarve's wild west coast is surrounded by a river on one side the ocean on another.
Antonio Sacchetti
Cabo Sao Vicente: This rugged headland marks Portugal's undeveloped southwestern tip, four miles from the frontier-like town of Sagres.
Regiao de Turismo do Algarve
Sun traps: Southern exposure means the Algarve's beaches are perfectly positioned to trap the rays during the region's 300 days of annual sunshine.
Regiao de Turismo do Algarve
Fresh from the ocean: Fishing and seafood is still a big part of life and the cuisine of the Algarve.
Regiao de Turismo do Algarve
Sleepy shoreline: Away from the tourist developments the Algarve retains a rural, rustic feel.
Ria Formosa: The barrier islands of the Ria Formosa National Park are a wildlife haven with spectacular beaches and little development.
Sotavento islands: The islands of Sotavento in the eastern Algarve are a place to escape the crowds.
Regiao de Turismo do Algarve
Loule: This historic inland market town shows the Moorish influences northwest of Faro.
Regiao de Turismo do Algarve
Wine resurgence: Quinta dos Vales wine estate outside Estombar is at the forefront of the Algarve's wine resurgence and offers tours and tastings. Striking sculptures are dotted around the vineyard.
Quinta dos Vales
Roman remains: Milreu is the ruins of a vast Roman villa complex featuring a temple and bathing chambers set in beautiful countryside near Estói north of Faro.
Regiao de Turismo do Algarve
Fine dining: Gourmets are not forgotten in the Algarve. Ocean, located in the Vila Vita resort just to the east of Nossa Senhora da Rocha, is one of four restaurants in Portugal with two Michelin stars.
Vila Vita
Best Beaches

Portugal's wild coastline beyond the Algarve resorts

(CNN) — Sometimes, the Algarve gets a bad rap. After six decades as a prime package-tour destination, it's perhaps no surprise that sun-drenched southern coast of Portugal can trigger a sniffy reaction from travel snobs.
Yet it's wrong to write off the Algarve.
If you travel to the western extremities of the 125-mile coastline, you'll encounter a protected shoreline with wild, surf-ready beaches little touched by mass tourism.
Turn east -- between Faro, the regional capital, and the Spanish border -- and you'll discover a coast fringed by spacious sandbar islands gently lapped by the Atlantic.
Even in the Algarve's oft-maligned central strip, those in the know can find secret beaches, villages oozing charm, exciting new hotels and hidden restaurants serving the region's Mediterranean-style cuisine.
Along the 10-mile stretch of shore between the low-cost, high-rise resort of Armação de Pêra and the Arade River estuary, satellite images show a string of bite-shaped indents in the cliff face, as if some giant sea-creature has nibbled away at the coast.
More than 40 such coves are cut into the honeycomb cliffs. All are lined with golden sand that slopes softly to the ocean. Their southern exposure means the beaches are perfectly positioned to trap the rays during the Algarve's 300 days of annual sunshine.
Praia do Pinhao is one of dozens of thin ribbons of golden sand at the foot of sheer cliffs near Lagos.
Paul Ames

'King of the beaches'

While Praia da Marinha, which often gets a nod in best beaches listings, is famed for its yellow rock formations rising from a lapis-lazuli sea, all the coves have a special character.
Praia da Senhora da Rocha is overlooked by a whitewashed medieval chapel perched on an impossibly narrow promontory; Praia de Benagil is a fishermen's hangout and starting point for boat trips to a spectacular domed sea cave; Praia dos Caneiros has some of the Algarve's broadest stretches of sand, and is home to a renowned seafood restaurant called Rei das Praias ("king of the beaches").
The shores here take their names from the mists of local folk history: There's a "rabid dog beach," "the brunette's beach," "mosque beach" or "little kisses beach."
Some of the smaller strands are reachable only by scrambling over rocks, filing down scrubland paths or by taking a boat -- guaranteeing solitude even during the height of summer.
Although there's a scattering of vacation villas in places, much of the clifftop has escaped development. A three-mile hiking trail leads from Nossa Senhora da Rocha to Praia de Benagil, almost without passing any human habitation. Instead, there are shady umbrella pines, wild figs, and almond trees that bloom white in February and March.
All year there are flowers, but spring sees the scrubland erupt into blossom: Purple cistus, lavender, oleander and yellow gorse. The color scheme is augmented by dashes of pink hoopoes, azure-winged magpies, rainbow-hued bee-eaters and other exotic birdlife.
Should all that hiking leave you peckish, the trail is bookended by Michelin-starred restaurants. Ocean, located in the fancy Vila Vita resort just to the east of Nossa Senhora da Rocha, is one of four restaurants in Portugal with two stars from the French gourmet bible; Bon Bon, just inland in Sesmarias, secured its first star in the 2016 edition with dishes such as langoustines with ponzu and beetroots, or skate, smoked eel and leek.
Praia Nova is separated from Praia da Nossa da Senhora by a chapel on a narrow promontory.
Portugal Tourism

The bigger picture

Amid the unblemished beauty, the area hasn't entirely escaped the impact of mass market tourism.
Shooting its beachside fishermen's homes with a narrow lens, the village of Carvoeiro still looks postcard perfect, especially at sunset. Widen the focus, however, and you'll catch a sprawl of holiday homes and downtown streets jammed with souvenir stores and bars serving cut-price cider, technicolor cocktails and Premier League soccer on TV.
Other places, however, are better preserved.
Ferragudo is a painfully pretty pile of terracotta-roofed houses curled round a low hill between a 17th-century fortress (built to guard against pirates) and a line of riverfront restaurants which expertly slap locally-caught fish on their grills.
The village's reputation as an artists' retreat is maintained by the Studio Bongard, a traditional tile-covered Algarve house with a bougainvillea-shaded patio overflowing with ceramic sea-life and other phantasmagorical creations by the resident sculptors.
Ten minutes inland, the narrow lanes of Estômbar contain two treasures: A parish church whose baroque façade hides an interior lined with blue-and-white azulejo tiles and an 18th-century altar glistening with Brazilian gold; and O Charneco, a scrupulously traditional hole-in-the-wall restaurant that serves a seven-course parade of Algarve specialties which can include cuttlefish roe salad, rice with monkfish, roast lamb, and sweet pumpkin cake.

A wine-soaked comeback

Algarve cuisine is based on abundant seafood, pork and lamb raised in the hills, with fresh local fruit and vegetables. More than any other part of Portugal, it's influenced by the Mediterranean and a legacy of over five centuries of Arab rule in the Middle Ages.
The Algarve played a key role in the successful 2013 campaign to secure UNESCO cultural heritage status for the Mediterranean diet. But while the region's food has long been appreciated, its wines are only recently making a comeback.
Vines have been grown in the Algarve since Roman times, but local tipples were long overshadowed by the notoriously tasty nectars produced on the rolling plains of the Alentejo region, just to the north. Lately however, Algarve reds and whites are generating excitement in the Portuguese wine world and beyond, as a new generation of producers -- many originally from outside -- exploit the region's blend of climates, soils and slopes.
Quinta dos Vales wine estate is at the forefront of the Algarve's wine resurgence and offers tastings, overlooked by striking sculptures.
Quinta dos Vales
At Quinta dos Vales, sitting in gently sloping countryside just outside Estômbar, visitors can tour the estate, stock up on award-winning wines and admire the work of the German owner, a banker-turned-sculptor whose fluid statues of curvy female forms loom over the vines.
A short drive north is Quinta do Francês, where Fatima and Patrick Agostini are winning kudos for wines produced at their spectacularly located estate between the Serra de Monchique mountains and Silves, a fortified city that once served as capital of a medieval Moorish kingdom. The couple were lured to the Algarve from the south of France by the region's wine-making potential in 2002.
"There's a great terroir here, a great climate. For wine-makers there's plenty of variety -- some places have sandy soils, but where we are there's schist. It allows us to make wines that are full of fruit," Fatima explains. "The way of life is more relaxed here. We love the climate, being close to the sea."
The Algarve's growing popularity -- 2016 was a record year for visitor numbers -- is triggering some exciting new accommodation options.
The first European resort of Thailand's luxurious Anantara group opened in 2017 beside the beaches and golf courses of Vilamoura, while hip boutique hotel Casa Mãe has taken up residence beside the ancient city walls of Lagos, a port that was once the launch pad for Portugal's 15th-century voyages of discovery and remains a gateway to more of the region's fabulous beaches.
Underestimate it at your peril.
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