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What we know -- and don't -- about director Zhang Yimou's Winter Olympics opening ceremony

Published 4th February 2022
BEIJING, CHINA - JANUARY 30: Fireworks are seen over the National Stadium, also known as the Birds Nest, at Olympic Park during a rehearsal for the Opening Ceremony of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics on January 30, 2022 in Beijing, China. The games are set to open on February 4th. (Photo by Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)
Credit: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images
What we know -- and don't -- about director Zhang Yimou's Winter Olympics opening ceremony
Written by Oscar Holland, CNN
Filmmaker Zhang Yimou's opening ceremony for the 2008 Beijing Olympics was, for many, the abiding memory of China's first ever Games.
In a display of color, coordination and pyrotechnics, the celebrated director announced the country's arrival on the world stage in dramatic fashion, complete with performers "painting" on an LED scroll, an ode to China's space program and 2,008 drummers chanting and playing bronze "fou" drums in unison.
The production set an exceptionally high bar for future directors -- including himself, because almost 14 years later, Zhang is back to oversee the Winter Olympics' opening and closing ceremonies. "The burden is very heavy," he told state-run news agency Xinhua in an interview last month, reflecting on the pressure of becoming the first person to direct both Summer and Winter Games ceremonies.
Performers take part in the Beijing Summer Olympics opening ceremony on August 8, 2008.
Performers take part in the Beijing Summer Olympics opening ceremony on August 8, 2008. Credit: Mike Hewitt/Getty Images
But much has changed -- in China and the world -- since the last time around.
For one, the tight Covid-19 restrictions have posed significant logistical difficulties. While in 2008 Zhang was able to call on around 15,000 opening ceremony performers, this year's cast is just a fifth of that. The show is also expected to be much shorter, down from four hours to just over an hour and a half, though this is partly due to the cold weather and safety concerns.
Perhaps more importantly, though, the way China views its place in the world has also undergone a profound transformation in the intervening years.
"In 2008, the Olympics was a brilliant stage and chance for our country to show ourselves," Zhang told Xinhua. "In fact, there are a plenty of pages across our 5,000-year history that we would like to present to the world. Our civilization, our history, and how we got to where we are today.
"It's different now. China's status in the world, the image of the Chinese, and the rise of our national status, everything is totally different now."
Chinese director Zhang Yimou pictured in Beijing, China in June 2017.
Chinese director Zhang Yimou pictured in Beijing, China in June 2017. Credit: Guo Zongyi/Imagine China/AP
What this means for the themes and design of 2022's ceremonies remain to be seen. Details about proceedings are tightly under wraps, but Zhang hinted that the cauldron-lighting could be more spectacular than 2008's, which saw former gymnast Li Ning circling the Bird's Nest stadium suspended on high wires.
"It will be unprecedented in the over 100-year history of the Olympic Games," Zhang is quoted as saying, adding: "I'm very nervous. I think it's totally innovative and people will be surprised."
Part of the country's esteemed "Fifth Generation" of filmmakers, Zhang is credited with helping take Chinese cinema to global audiences. Fans of the 71-year-old director's blockbusters "House of Flying Daggers" and the Academy Award-nominated "Hero" will welcome his suggestion that martial arts will again inspire his stage direction at this year's ceremonies -- this time in their simplicity.
"Being simple, just as in martial arts films, is like a master's sword," he told Xinhua. "All his spirit is focused on the tip of the sword, and the power of his stab is different. It looks like a very simple stab, but with fateful power."
Top image: Fireworks seen over the National Stadium, also known as the Bird's Nest, during a rehearsal for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics opening ceremony on January 30, 2022.