Can robots transform Chinese architecture?

Editor’s Note: This story is part of “Smart Creativity,” a series exploring the intersection between high-concept design and advanced technology.

Shanghai, China CNN  — 

Amid population growth and unprecedented urbanization, China’s rise has been enabled by its ability to build quickly and cheaply. But meeting the country’s construction demands has come at the expense of architectural identity, according to Philip Yuan, founder of the firm Archi-Union Architects.

“It’s a kind of copy and paste process,” Yuan says of the repetitive, nondescript buildings found in Chinese cities. “It’s a pity, (because by) building too fast, we lose tradition and identity of what China should be.”

Instead of producing more cookie-cutter tower blocks, the Chinese architect has been exploring experimental new approaches to construction. His techniques, which include the use of digital fabrication and robotics, could offer a new way to produce sophisticated buildings in shorter timeframes.

Archi Union 1
Can robots transform Chinese architecture?
02:26 - Source: CNN

Take, for instance, “In Bamboo,” a wooden pavilion conceived in collaboration with bamboo weavers in Daoming, Sichuan province. The project’s design is not only architecturally distinctive, but also extraordinarily complex – and only made possible through cutting-edge technology.

Using computational design based on algorithms and a pair of robotic arms rigged to “cut like (the) two hands of a human being,” the figure eight-shaped building was completed in just 52 days. By Yuan’s estimates, it would have taken six to 12 months in China, or up to two years in the West, had traditional building methods been employed.

“Every column and every beam has a special angle and different height,” Yuan explains. “If you use your hand, it’s impossible to make it in such a short (period of) time because every joint is different.”