As it happened: US, UK and France strike Syria

By Veronica Rocha, James Griffiths, Lauren Said-Moorhouse, Amanda Wills and Brian Ries, CNN
updated 9:56 AM ET, Mon April 16, 2018
11:47 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

At least one US Navy warship based in Red Sea was used in strike

From CNN's Ryan Browne

At least one US Navy warship based in the Red Sea participated in today’s strikes according to two US military officials.

US B-1 bombers were also used in the strikes in Syria, according to two US defense officials.

10:37 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

Russian ambassador to US warns of "consequences" after strikes on Syria

Anatoly Antonov, Russian ambassador to the US, issued a statement on Facebook in response to the strikes on Syria.

He accused the West of carrying out a "pre-designed scenario." He said there would be "consequences," and the responsibility for them lies with Washington, London and Paris.

Antonov added: "Insulting the President of Russia is unacceptable and inadmissible," and said that the US "has no moral right to blame other countries" since it possesses a large arsenal of chemical weapons of its own.

11:48 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

Mattis: US used "double" amount of weapons in strike

US Defense Secretary James Mattis was asked how the US could assure that the strike will work to stop the Assad regime from using chemical weapons again.

Mattis said "nothing is certain."

But this time, he said, the US used double the amount of weapons the military used in last year strike in Syria.

"It was done on targets that we believed were selected to hurt the chemical weapons program," he said. "We confined it to the chemical weapons type targets. We were not out to expand this, we were very precise and proportionate. But at the same time, it was a heavy strike.

What happened last year in Syria

One year ago the US launched its first military assault against the Syrian regime, a move some thought would be a game-changer in that country's gruesome civil war.

On President Trump's orders, US warships pummeled a government airbase with missiles on April 6, 2017, a day after more than 80 Syrians died in a chemical attack.

Trump said he took action in response because that chemical attack "crossed a lot of lines for me."

10:26 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

The legal authority Trump is using to order these strikes

US Defense Secretary James Mattis told reporters that President Trump is legally authorized to order these Syria strikes — which were ordered without congressional authorization — under Article II of the Constitution.

It reads in part, "The president shall be Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States."

"We believe the president has ever reason to defend vital American interests and that is what he did here tonight under that authority," Mattis said.

Does that make this "legal"?

The Trump administration has suggested that they are, as an exercise of the President's inherent power under Article II of the US Constitution, according to CNN legal analyst and national security law professor Steve Vladeck the last time Trump ordered strikes on Syria.

At least judged against the constitutional text, historical practice, and contemporary understanding, this argument is a stretch -- but it's going to take a bit of work to explain why.

What does the Constitution say?

According to Vladeck, neither the text of the Constitution nor historical precedent conclusively settle when the president needs Congress to approve the use of military force. The Constitution divides the war powers between Congress and the President, and leaves unresolved exactly when uses of military force do and do not require Congress's sign-off.

Article I of the Constitution gives Congress the powers to "declare war," "raise and support armies," "provide and maintain a navy," and "make rules" to govern the military (and, perhaps most importantly, to fund all military operations), but Article II gives the President the "executive power," and makes him "commander in chief" of the military, powers that virtually all presidents have interpreted to give them at least some room to use the military without express permission from Congress.

10:22 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

US "specifically identified" targets to avoid Russian forces

From CNN's Ryan Browne and Jen Rizzo

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, Gen. Joseph Dunford said the US "specifically identified” targets to “mitigate the risk of Russian forces being involved." 

Gen. Dunford said the normal deconfliction line was used in the run-up to the strike to ensure clearance of airspace. 

"We used the normal deconfliction channel to deconflict airspace. We did not coordinate targets,” Dunford said.

10:19 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

Syrian state TV claims attack in Homs was thwarted

From CNN's Roba Alhenawi

The missiles targeting Homs were intercepted and did not cause damage, according to a reporter on Syrian state TV in Homs.

10:15 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

US official: "This wave of airstrikes is over"

General Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told reporters tonight that this particular round of airstrikes are over.

"This wave of air strikes is over and that is why we're out here speaking to you now," he said.

However, defense officials made clear tonight in the Pentagon briefing that this is a sustained campaign, and strikes will officially end when the Syrian regime ceases its chemical weapons use.

10:11 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

Mattis: "Right now, we have no reports of losses" to the US

Defense Secretary James Mattis said the selected targets specifically targeted the Syrian regime's chemical weapons program.

He said that, as of now, there are no reports of losses to the United States.

10:22 p.m. ET, April 13, 2018

These are the 3 targets hit in the strikes

General Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the strikes launched at 9 p.m. ET tonight struck targets associated with the Syrian regime's chemical weapons program.

Here are the three sites he listed:

  • A scientific research center located in Damascus.
  • A chemical weapons storage facility, which is located west of Homs, Syria.
  • The third target, which was in the vicinity of the second target, contained a chemical weapons equipment storage facility and an important command post.