Trump's second impeachment trial: Day 4

By Meg Wagner, Melissa Mahtani, Melissa Macaya and Veronica Rocha, CNN

Updated 9:33 PM ET, Fri February 12, 2021
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12:05 p.m. ET, February 12, 2021

Watch the lead impeachment managers' closing argument in the case against Trump

congress.gov/Getty Images
congress.gov/Getty Images

House impeachment managers concluded their case against Donald Trump on Thursday, urging senators to convict the former President for inciting the insurrectionists that attacked the US Capitol on Jan. 6.

Lead manager Jamie Raskin, a Maryland Democrat, delivered the team's closing argument.

"Our Framers were so fearful of presidents becoming tyrants and wanting to become kings that they put the Oath of Office into The Constitution. They inscribed it into the Constitution to "preserve, protect and defend" The Constitution of the United States.

We've got the power to impeach the President, but the President doesn't have the power to impeach us. Think about that," he said.

Later in his speech, Raskin posed some specific questions for Trump's defense team to answer. He said:

"Donald Trump last week turned down our invitation to come testify about his actions and therefore we have not been able to ask him any questions directly as of this point.
Therefore, during the course of their 16-hour allotted presentation, we would pose these preliminary questions to his lawyers, which I think are on everyone's minds right now and which we would have asked Mr. Trump himself if he had chosen to come and testify about his actions and inactions when we invited him last week:
One, why did President Trump not tell his supporters to stop the attack on the Capitol as soon as he learned of it?
Why did President Trump do nothing to stop the attack for at least two hours after the attack began?
As our constitutional Commander-in-Chief, why did he do nothing to send help to our overwhelmed and besieged law-enforcement officers for at least two hours on January 6th after the attack began?
On January 6th, why did President Trump not, at any point that day, condemn the violent insurrection and insurrectionists?
I'll add a legal question that I hope his distinguished counsel will address: if a President did invite a violent insurrection against our government, as of course we allege and think we have proven in this case, but in general, if a president incited violence against our government, would that be a high crime or misdemeanor? Can we all agree at least on that?"

Watch his full remarks below:

Read his full remarks here.

11:14 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

GOP lawmakers gave Trump's legal team strategic advice during last night's meeting 

From CNN's Kaitlan Collins

The three Republican senators who met with former President Trump's defense team Thursday night were there to give them advice for their rebuttal, two people familiar with the meeting told CNN.

Sens. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, Ted Cruz of Texas and Mike Lee of Utah were seen going into the room Trump's team is working out of during the trial. While inside, they gave them their suggestions for how to proceed during today's presentation, CNN has learned from multiple sources.

Lawyers Bruce Castor and David Schoen were both in the room for the meeting, as were multiple others. 

While the episode raises questions about jurors meeting with the defense team mid-trial, it also signals the uneasiness among Trump's allies of how his legal team is prepared to defend his actions today. Trump has complained at length about Castor and urged others to talk to him before he got on the Senate floor today. 

Read more about Trump's lawyers here.

11:04 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

Here's a reminder of what we learned yesterday, day 3 of the impeachment trial

Analysis from CNN's Chris Cilizza

The House impeachment managers wrapped up their case for the conviction of Donald Trump on Thursday. They centered their argument on connecting the former President's words in advance of the Jan. 6 riot to the actions taken by his supporters on that day. They also used video, some from as far back as 2015, to show a pattern of what they said was the former President seeming to incite and condone violence.

In case you missed it, here are some of the key takeaways from the trial Thursday:

  • The rioters' statements are damning: The clear focus of the impeachment managers was to provide a clear link between Trump's words and the actions of the violent mob that stormed the Capitol. And time and time again, the best proof of that link was the rioters themselves. In interviews, in videos, in arrest records the same theme just kept emerging: They believed they were acting on the wishes (and orders) of the President of the United States. The lingering image (and sound) for me from Thursday's proceedings was a protester outside the Capitol shouting, "We were invited by the President of the United States" over and over unto a bullhorn. "They came here because the President instructed them to do so," said House impeachment manager Rep. Diana Degette.
  • Trump as a future threat: One of the most consistent arguments you hear from Republican senators opposed to the impeachment trial amounts to this: What's the point in removing Trump from office? He's already been removed from office by the voters! The point, as House impeachment managers Jamie Raskin and Ted Lieu argued today, is that if Trump is not convicted and banned from seeking future federal office (a vote that would take only a simple majority of senators), there's absolutely no reason to think that what happened in January couldn't be repeated. "I'm not afraid of Donald Trump running again in four years," said Lieu. "I'm afraid he's going to run again and lose. Because he can do this again."
  • Michigan as a test run: On April 30, a crowd of Trump supporters crowded into the Michigan state Capitol to protest Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's state-of-emergency order due with the spread of the coronavirus pandemic. (That came less than two weeks after Trump had tweeted "LIBERATE MICHIGAN.") "This was a huge win," the organizer of the Michigan protest told CNN at the time. Then, in early October, 13 men were arrested for an act of domestic terrorism — a plot to kidnap Whitmer. Michigan was "a preview of the coming insurrection," said Raskin. The connection between the events in Michigan and those at the Capitol on Jan. 6 (and Trump's initial response to both) were used by the impeachment managers to suggest that Trump had not only primed the pump for what happened on Jan. 6, but that he and his supporters had already conducted what amounted to a dry run of what we saw play out at the Capitol on January 6. As Raskin put it: "January 6 was a culmination of Trump tactics, not an aberration from them."
10:52 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

3 GOP senators met with Trump's defense lawyers last night

From CNN's Manu Raju and Alex Rogers

A trio of Republican senators allied with former President Trump met with his defense team Thursday evening, in the middle of an impeachment trial in which they will vote on whether to convict Trump and potentially bar him from holding public office again.

Sens. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, Ted Cruz of Texas and Mike Lee of Utah were spotted going into a room in the US Capitol that Trump's lawyers were using to prepare for their arguments.

Trump lawyer David Schoen said that the senators were "very friendly guys" who just wanted to make sure they were "familiar with procedure" on the eve of their rebuttal to the House impeachment managers' presentation.

When asked if it's appropriate to meet with senators during the trial, Schoen said, "Oh yeah, I think that's the practice of impeachment."

"There's nothing about this thing that has any semblance of due process whatsoever," he added.

Some senators view themselves as impartial jurors during impeachment trials, while others lend a hand to their party's side.

Cruz said the meeting with the Trump defense team was an opportunity for "sharing our thoughts" about their legal strategy. A wide array of Senate Republicans harshly criticized the defense team on Tuesday, the opening day of the trial, arguing that Trump attorney Bruce Castor had delivered a rambling and unfocused argument in making the case that the proceedings are unconstitutional.

When asked if he's now comfortable with the Trump team's legal strategy, Cruz said, "I think the end result of this impeachment trial is crystal clear to everybody."

"Donald Trump will be acquitted," he added. "It takes 67 votes to convict him and every person in the Senate chamber understands that there are not the votes to convict, nor should there be."

Republican senators have already signaled that they will vote to acquit the former President of the charge of "incitement of insurrection," preventing a subsequent vote on Trump's political future. In a 50-50 Senate, the House impeachment managers – all of whom are Democrats – need to persuade 17 Republican senators to join every member of their party to convict Trump.

Clare Foran, Ted Barrett and Ali Zaslav contributed to this report.

10:20 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

Senators have been asked to submit their proposed questions to their party leaders

From CNN's Manu Raju

In another sign that things are moving quickly and that senators may get their chance to question each side tonight, GOP and Democratic senators have been asked to submit their proposed questions to their respective party leaders, senior aides familiar with the request tell CNN.

The idea among the respective leaders is to avoid duplication, these senior aides said. Some senators are working together on questions.

The expectation is that question period won’t take four hours. But importantly, senators can ask questions on the floor without prior leadership approval and can do so on the fly.

10:10 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

House Democrats are prepared for the Q&A session as soon as tonight

From CNN's Manu Raju and Jeremy Herb

House Democrats still aren’t saying whether they will call witnesses in former President Trump’s second impeachment trial, but senior aides on the team said the managers are prepared to move to the question-and-answer period with senators as soon as tonight. 

If that happens, the final vote on Trump’s conviction could happen on Saturday.

But the one thing that could put a halt to the speedy conclusion of Trump’s trial is if the Democrats ask for witnesses – which would prompt a debate and vote on the Senate floor. 

While Senate Democrats have been signaling that they don’t think witnesses are necessary for the trial, the House aides repeatedly declined to tell reporters whether they plan to seek witnesses or allow the trial to move into closing arguments after the question-and-answer session.

The aides would not explicitly say whether they were coordinating with Majority Leader Chuck Schumer’s office on the questions they would get from senators. They said they didn’t know specific questions they would face but had a good sense of the sorts of questions that were likely. 

The aides also declined to say whether they were going to submit any additional evidence for the record.

Ahead of the defense team’s arguments today, the aides said they expected Trump’s lawyers to put forward a “false equivalency” by playing clips of Democratic speeches using fiery language. And the aides argued that Trump’s team would try to play to legal arguments instead of actually addressing the evidence that the managers presented.

10:06 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

Biden says he's "anxious" to see how Republicans will vote on impeachment

From CNN's Jeremy Diamond and Betsy Klein

CNN briefly spoke with President Biden this morning as he joined the first lady for a walk to view Valentine's Day candy hearts on the North Lawn.

Biden told CNN he’s “anxious” to see how Republicans will vote in the impeachment trial. 

“I’m just anxious to see what my Republican friends do, if they stand up,” Biden said, adding that he is not planning to speak with any of them.
12:26 p.m. ET, February 12, 2021

Trump adviser says defense team's presentation will only be 4 hours

From CNN's Kaitlan Collins

Jason Miller arrives at the Capitol on Thursday, February 11.
Jason Miller arrives at the Capitol on Thursday, February 11. Bill Clark/CQ-Roll Call/Getty Images

Trump adviser Jason Miller said the former President's defense team will present for around four hours today. He clarified that attorney Bruce Castor, whose opening argument was widely criticized, will have a speaking role in the presentation. 

Miller called today "redemption day" for Castor and said his arguments will be "tighter and crisper" than they were Tuesday, when Trump was urged by multiple people to fire Castor from his team.

Trump has repeatedly complained about Castor in the days since, but Miller said the legal team reviewed their strategy with Trump last night. 

Miller also said he believed they could get to the question-and-answer session today and even floated potentially having closing arguments by tonight. Of course, that decision is up to Senate leaders, not Miller. 

CNN's Manu Raju notes that senators’ questions are very likely tonight after the Trump team argues, but that closing arguments are less likely unless there are very few senator questions. 

Miller said Castor and attorney David Schoen will both speak, in addition to Michael van der Veen.

Read more about Trump's defense team here.

10:22 a.m. ET, February 12, 2021

Trump's defense team will start their arguments today — and they expect to finish today, too, sources say

From CNN's Kaitlan Collins

Former President Trump's defense team expects to finish their arguments in the Senate's impeachment trial tonight, two sources told CNN.

His lawyers will take the Senate floor today, but they are not currently expected to use all of their allotted time. Each side gets 16 hours for presentations.

Attorneys David Schoen, Bruce Castor, Michael van der Veen and William Brennan are all expected to speak during Friday's arguments, according to a person familiar with the latest plan. Using videos of Democratic lawmakers, they plan to argue that Democrats glorified violence by recreating the Jan. 6 riot, will claim the trial is unconstitutional and stress Trump's First Amendment rights.

Because the legal team is so disorganized, Trump's allies are apprehensive about how the defense will go. Trump erupted Tuesday as Castor made a meandering opening argument during which he praised the prosecutors. 

Several of Trump's allies lobbied him to get rid of Castor that day, which Trump briefly considered, according to two people. Trump was upset as he watched multiple people, including his usual allies on Fox News, trash Castor's performance. But Castor has remained on the team and is expected to present, at least in part, on Friday. He has told people he wasn't planning on speaking Tuesday, which led to the muddled speech. Castor also admitted on the Senate floor that he swapped speaking roles with Schoen because Democrats presented such a strong opening argument. 

Though Castor was supposed to lead the defense, as CNN reported, that's now expected to be Schoen, who has said he will not participate in the proceedings during the Sabbath. Trump's team believes they will likely wrap up their arguments by then.