Three key witnesses testify in impeachment inquiry

By Meg Wagner, Veronica Rocha, Amanda Wills, Mike Hayes and Fernando Alfonso III, CNN

Updated 8:04 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019
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7:59 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

4 things to know about today's impeachment inquiry hearings

From CNN's Marshall Cohen, Ellie Kaufman and Lauren Fox

Andrew Harnik/AP
Andrew Harnik/AP

Three more key witnesses testified in the House impeachment inquiry today. The hearings are over and so is our live coverage.

The most dramatic testimony came from US Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland, who connected President Trump directly to the "quid pro quo." Later, Laura Cooper, a deputy assistant secretary of defense, and David Hale, the under secretary of State for political affairs, testified.

Here are some of the key moments:

  • Sondland pressed Ukraine at Trump's direction: In his opening statement and throughout his testimony, Sondland said he was working with Trump's attorney Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine matters at the "express direction of the President of the United States." Sondland recounted several conversations between himself and Trump about Ukraine opening two investigations: one into Burisma, a company where former Vice President Joe Biden's son was on the board, and another into conspiracies about Ukrainian meddling in the 2016 US election.
  • "Everyone knew" about the quid pro quo: In clear terms, Sondland confirmed for all to see that there was a quid pro quo with Ukraine, that Trump withheld a White House meeting until Ukraine launched investigations into the Bidens. "I know that members of this committee frequently frame these complicated issues in the form of a simple question: Was there a quid pro quo?" Sondland said. "As I testified previously, with regard to the requested White House call and the White House meeting, the answer is yes."
  • Sondland implicated Pence, Pompeo and Mulvaney: Republicans have argued that Giuliani could have been running a shadow foreign policy without the involvement or knowledge of other senior White House and State Department officials, but Sondland contradicted that several times in his testimony. He said "everyone" in the State Department was aware. He also implicated key White House officials, including Vice President Mike Pence, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and acting White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, who also directs the Office of Management and Budget.
  • Cooper showed Ukraine knew about aide issues in July: She testified that Ukrainian officials knew as early as July 25 that there was an issue with US aid to the country. This undercuts a key Republican rebuttal to accusations of a "quid pro quo" linking the aid to investigations into President Trump's political rivals. In their defense of Trump, Republicans have alleged that no bribery could exist if the Ukrainians weren't aware the aid was being held.
7:58 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Nunes yields time to Schiff for "story-time hour"


Nunes closed out his final remarks of the day with a swipe at Chairman Schiff.

"For those of you at home, it's time to change the channel, turn down the volume or hide the kids, put them to bed," Nunes said.

He continued: "And now, I yield to Mr. Schiff for story-time hour."

With a hint of sarcasm in his voice, Schiff got some laughs from the hearing room when he replied, "I thank the gentleman as always for his remarks."

8:01 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Fact check: Republicans claim Obama only sent blankets to Ukraine

From CNN's Holmes Lybrand


During the impeachment inquiry hearings, Republicans have, at several points, argued that President Barack Obama sent only blankets to Ukraine. Meanwhile, they point out that President Trump sent lethal military aid, including anti-tank missiles.

Pushing back on this notion, Rep. Eric Swalwell claimed that the Obama administration “provided to the Ukrainians…armored Humvees, tactical drones, night vision devices, armored vests and medical equipment.”

“You would agree that’s a lot more than blankets, right?” Swalwell asked top Pentagon official Laura Cooper. “Yes sir,” Cooper said.

Facts First: While the Obama administration was criticized for its refusal to provide lethal assistance to Ukraine, it did provide more than $100 million in security assistance, as well as a significant amount of defense and military equipment.

By March 2015, the US committed more than $120 million in security assistance for Ukraine and had pledged an additional $75 million worth of equipment including UAVs, counter-mortar radars, Humvees, night vision devices and medical supplies, according to the Pentagon’s Defense Security Cooperation Agency.

But Obama did not provide lethal aid to Ukraine, and Trump did. The Trump administration approved sniper rifles, rocket launchers and Javelin anti-tank missiles, something long sought by Kiev.

Obama’s aid to Ukraine has long been criticized by Republicans.

“The Ukrainians are being slaughtered and we’re sending blankets and meals,” Republican Sen. John McCain said in 2015. “Blankets don’t do well against Russian tanks.”

7:41 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Here's the key exchange where Cooper said Ukraine asked about aid in July

From CNN's Marshall Cohen and Phil Mattingly

Drew Angerer/Getty Images
Drew Angerer/Getty Images

House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff asked Laura Cooper about staff inquiries received on July 25. This is the key change where she said that the Ukrainians asked about the military aid in July because they were concerned there was “some kind of issue.”

Remember: Cooper, a deputy assistant secretary of defense, said she couldn’t say for certain whether the Ukrainian check-ins were because they were aware a hold was in place, but says that was the impression her staff got from the contacts.

Asked if it could have just been a regular check-in about the assistance package, Cooper responded: "It's my experience with the Ukrainians they would call about specific things, not just generally checking in on the assistance package."

Here's the full back-and-forth with Schiff:

Schiff: As early as July 25, the same day President Trump spoke with President Zelensky on the phone and asked for this favor, the same day that President Zelensky thanked the United States for its military support and signaled it was ready to purchase more javelins on that date, you got inquiries — your staff got inquires from someone at the Ukrainian embassy who was concerned about the status of the military assistance. Is that correct?
Cooper: Sir, that's correct. I would say that specifically the Ukrainian embassy staff asked what is going on with Ukrainian security assistance.
Schiff: And did that connote to you that they were concerned that something was in fact going on with it?
Cooper: Yes, sir.
Schiff: And you received — I guess your staff received more than one inquiry on that date. What was the other — the nature of the other inquiry on July 25?
Cooper: Sir, the — that was the one inquiry to my staff. But the other points that I had raised were emails reflecting outreach to the State Department.
Schiff: So the Ukraine embassy was also contacting the State Department to find out about its portion of military assistance?
Cooper: Yes, sir.
Schiff: And was that, similarly, a concern about what's going on with our military aid?
Cooper: It was similarly a question about what — what's going on with security assistance.
Schiff: And your staff or one of the other Department staff also heard in August additional inquiries from the Ukraine embassy about a potential holdup in the military assistance?
Cooper: Sir, I want to be careful about how I phrase this. My staff recall having had meetings with Ukrainian embassy representatives during the month of August. And they believe that the topic came up at some point during those meetings, but they don't recall the precise date or, specifically what the — the nature of the discussion was.
Schiff: But your staff at least gleaned from those conversations that the Ukrainian embassy was aware that there was some kind of a hold on the assistance?
Cooper: Sir, the way I would phrase it is that there was some kind of an issue, yes.
7:40 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Hale says what happened to ambassador fired by Trump was wrong

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images
Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

David Hale, the undersecretary of state for political affairs, said that what happened to ousted Ukraine ambassador Marie Yovanovitch — who was fired by Trump after what she characterized as a "smear campaign" — was wrong.

Rep. Denny Heck asked Hale if he agreed that Yovanovitch served with dignity and grace in the face of "the smear campaign." Hale replied, "Yes, she did."

When Heck asked if Hale agreed Yovanovitch is a "dedicated and courageous patriot," Hale responded, "I endorse what you say exactly." 

On Yovanovitch's ouster, Hale said, "I believe that she should have been able to stay at post and continued to do the outstanding work."

More context: Earlier this week, Yovanovitch testified about the "smear campaign" against her. She claimed that Rudy Giuliani and other made false allegations against her. During the hearing, Trump attacked Yovanovitch on Twitter causing some Democrats to accuse the President of witness intimidation.

6:54 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland put his luggage in the wrong overhead bin, and said "my whole day has been like this"

US Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland boarded his flight back to Brussels after his impeachment inquiry testimony — and accidentally put his carry-on bag into the wrong overhead bin.

Karen-Marie Hyland was on the flight with him. She tells CNN his response to the luggage mix-up was, "My whole day has been like this."

She snapped this picture of the ambassador on the plane:

6:40 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Pentagon official reveals Ukrainians asked about stalled aid as early as July

From CNN's Kevin Liptak 

Alex Brandon/AP
Alex Brandon/AP

Top Pentagon official Laura Cooper testified that Ukrainian officials knew as early as July 25 that there was an issue with US aid to the country.

This undercuts a key Republican rebuttal to accusations of a "quid pro quo" linking the aid to investigations into President Trump's political rivals.

In their defense of Trump, Republicans have alleged that no bribery could exist if the Ukrainians weren't aware the aid was being held.

But Cooper, the deputy assistant secretary of defense for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia, testified as part of the House impeachment inquiry that some members of her staff recalled receiving emails from the Ukrainian embassy on July 25 -- the same day as Trump's much-scrutinized phone call with the Ukrainian president.

"What was going on with Ukrainian security assistance?" one Ukrainian contact emailed a member of her staff, Cooper said.

7:01 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Laura Cooper describes three inquiries on Ukraine aid on July 25

From CNN's Kevin Liptak

Win McNamee/Getty Images
Win McNamee/Getty Images

Laura Cooper, a deputy assistant secretary of defense, describes three interactions by her staff on July 25 that indicate the Ukrainian government was aware there was an issue with US aid to the country.

  • An email from the State Department that Cooper said came through at 2:31 p.m. It said the “Ukrainian embassy and House foreign affairs committee are asking about security assistance.”
  • Another email, also from the State Department, came at 4:25 p.m. It said, “The Hill knows about the FMF (foreign military financing) situation to an extent and so does the Ukrainian embassy.”
  • Cooper said “a member of my staff got a question from a Ukraine embassy contact asking what was going on with Ukraine security assistance.”

Why this matters: This dramatically shifts the timeline of when the Ukrainian government was aware of the issues surrounding the aid.

And that, in turn, dramatically undercuts a key Republican talking point: that there could not be a “quid pro quo” if the Ukrainian government wasn’t aware the aid was being held up.

6:29 p.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Hale: Holding up foreign aid isn't normal, but it "does occur"

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images
Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

Undersecretary of state David Hale said he wouldn't characterize a hold on foreign aid as "normal" but said it does happen.

Asked by Republican Rep. John Ratcliffe — who pointed out that other countries such as Pakistan and Lebanon have recently had their aid held up — asked Hale if it was normal to have delays on foreign aid.

"It is certainly an occurrence. It does occur," Hale said.