Three key witnesses testify in impeachment inquiry

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10:18 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland: "Everyone was in the loop. It was no secret"

Drew Angerer/Getty Images
Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Gordon Sondland, US ambassador to the European Union, told lawmakers that he had discussed the investigation in a July 19 email sent to several top US officials. This came days before President Trump's call with the Ukrainian leader.

Here's who was on the email, according to Sondland:

  • Secretary of State Mike Pompeo
  • Energy Secretary Rick Perry
  • Perry's acting chief of staff
  • Acting chief of staff Mick Mulvaney
  • Mulvaney's senior adviser and one other person

"Everyone was in the loop. It was no secret. Everyone was informed via email on July 19, days before the presidential call," Sondland said.

"As I communicated to the team, I told President Zelensky in advance that assurances to 'run a fully transparent investigation' and 'turn over every stone' were necessary in his call with President Trump," he said.

Here what he said was in the email:

“I talked to Zelensky just now… He is prepared to receive Potus’ call. Will assure him that he intends to run a fully transparent investigation and will ‘turn over every stone’. He would greatly appreciate a call prior to Sunday so that he can put out some media about a ‘friendly and productive call’ (no details) prior to Ukraine election on Sunday.”

He said Mulvaney responded: “I asked NSC to set it up for tomorrow.”

Watch:

10:12 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Vice President Pence left the DC area just minutes after Sondland started testifying

Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP/Getty Images
Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP/Getty Images

Vice President Mike Pence is getting far away from Washington. It's his latest effort to distance himself from the impeachment inquiry as US Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland testifies that he raised concerns with him about freezing security aid to Ukraine.

Pence took off on Air Force Two from Joint Base Andrews minutes after Sondland’s testimony began. 

What he's doing today: He is due to land in Green Bay, Wisconsin, around 11 a.m. ET. He will tour the USS Cooperstown and deliver remarks at Fincantieri Marinette Marine. Pence then travels to his native Indianapolis, where he’ll deliver remarks at the Strada Education Network's National Symposium, returning to Washington later in the evening.

The challenge for Pence throughout the impeachment inquiry, as it's always been in the administration, is balancing the need to appear loyal to Trump with staying clear of the President's countless controversies. 

The plan to protect him, according to sources close to the vice president, has been to get him on the road. Pence has traveled frequently in the weeks since the House launched its investigation, from touting the administration's US-Mexico-Canada trade agreement to meeting Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Ankara.

10:09 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland ties Trump, Pence and Pompeo to Ukraine pressure campaign

Susan Walsh/AP
Susan Walsh/AP

US Ambassador to the European Union Gordon Sondland's opening statement explicitly tied President Trump, Vice President Mike Pence and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to the campaign to put pressure on Ukraine to investigate the Bidens.

Here's what Sondland said about each, according to a copy of his prepared remarks:

  • Trump: "Secretary Perry, Ambassador Volker and I worked with Mr. Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine matters at the express direction of the President of the United States. We did not want to work with Mr. Giuliani. Simply put, we played the hand we were dealt. We all understood that if we refused to work with Mr. Giuliani, we would lose an important opportunity to cement relations between the United States and Ukraine. So we followed the President's orders."
  • Pence: "I mentioned to Vice President Pence before the meetings with the Ukrainians that I had concerns that the delay in aid had become tied to the issue of investigations ... During the actual meeting, President Zelensky raised the issue of security assistance directly with Vice President Pence. The Vice President said he would speak to President Trump about it."
  • Pompeo: "Even as late as September 24, Secretary Pompeo was directing Kurt Volker to speak with Rudy Giuliani. In a WhatsApp message, Kurt Volker told me in part: 'Spoke w Rudy per guidance from S.' S means the Secretary of State."
10:22 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland brings up troubling WhatsApp texts involving Giuliani and Pompeo

Andrew Harnik/AP
Andrew Harnik/AP

In his opening statement, EU ambassador talked about WhatsApp conversations that he had with other officials that concerned Rudy Giuliani's dealing with corrupt former Ukrainian prosecutor Yuriy Lutsenko. Those conversations also involved Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's directions to US diplomats to continue to deal with Giuliani on Ukraine.

Sondland said he and top diplomat Kurt Volker discussed Giuliani's manuevers in the July exchange on WhatsApp.

Sondland wrote:

"Just had a meeting with Andriy and Vadym," referring to Ukraine Foreign Minister Vadym Pristaiko. Taylor said the Ukrainians were, quote: "Very concerned about what Lutsenko told them — that, according to RG" — meaning Rudy Giuliani — "the ZE- POTUS meeting will not happen."

Volker responded:

"Good grief. Please tell Vadym to let the official USG representatives speak for the U.S. [L]utsenko has his own self-interest here."

Sondland said "three things" were critical about this WhatsApp exchange:

"First, while the Ukrainians were in Washington at the White House, Mr. Guiliani had been communicating with Ukrainians without our knowledge. Ambassador Taylor, Ambassador Volker, and I were all surprised by this. Second, Mr. Giuliani was communicating with the reportedly corrupt Ukrainian prosecutor Lutsenko and discussing whether a Zelensky-Trump meeting was going to happen, again without our knowledge. And third, with this alarming news, Ambassador Taylor briefed Ulrich Brechbuehl, who is the Counselor to Secretary of State Pompeo. Even as late as September 24, Secretary Pompeo was directing Kurt Volker to speak with Rudy Giuliani."

On Pompeo, Sondland added: "In a WhatsApp message, Kurt Volker told me in part: 'Spoke w Rudy per guidance from S.' S means the Secretary of State."

Watch Sondland read the messages:

10:15 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland on his infamous call with Trump: I knew the investigations were important to him

Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images
Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images

In his opening statement, EU Ambassador Gordon Sondland described his July 26 call with Trump — which took place one day after Trump's call with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky where Trump raised the topic of investigations into former Vice President Joe Biden.

"The call lasted five minutes. I remember I was at a restaurant in Kiev, and I have no reason to doubt that this conversation included the subject of investigations," Sondland said.

He continued: "Again, given Mr. Giuliani's demand that President Zelensky make a public statement about investigations, I knew that the topic of investigations was important to President Trump. We did not discuss any classified information."

Sondland said he had no recollection of discussing former Vice President Biden or his son, Hunter Biden.

Why this is big: Last week, diplomat Bill Taylor revealed that this call took place. Taylor said one his staffers, David Holmes, overheard this exchange between Trump and Sondland. Holmes later confirmed this in a closed-door deposition.

Hear Sondland's description:

10:07 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland: State Department's refusal to hand over materials is making impeachment inquiry "less than fair"

Andrew Harnik/AP
Andrew Harnik/AP

US Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland turned the State Department’s argument that the impeachment hearings process has been unfair back at them, suggesting they have made the process less fair and transparent by not allowing him to access his department phone records, emails and other documents. 

“I also must acknowledge that this process has been challenging and, in many respects, less than fair,” Sondland testified in his opening statement. “Having access to the State Department materials would have been very helpful to me in trying to reconstruct with whom I spoke and met, when, and what was said.” 

He continued: “My lawyers and I have made multiple requests to the State Department and the White House for these materials. Yet, these materials were not provided to me. They have also refused to share these materials with this Committee. These documents are not classified and, in fairness, should have been made available. In the absence of these materials, my memory has not been perfect,” Sondland said. “And I have no doubt that a more fair, open, and orderly process of allowing me to read the State Department records would have made this process more transparent.”

Some context: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has repeatedly denounced the House impeachment inquiry as unfair, specifically noting that the department has not been permitted to have its counsel in the room during closed door hearings.

“What’s been so troubling is that this inquiry has been conducted in a way that is fundamentally unfair, fundamentally unfair to the State Department,” Pompeo told KWCH-TV in Wichita in late October.

Moments ago, during his opening statement, House Intelligence Chair Adam Schiff mentioned that the State Department has not yet turned over a single document.

Watch the moment:

10:03 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland: "I never received a clear answer" on why security aid was withheld

Andrew Harnik/AP
Andrew Harnik/AP

Gordon Sondland, the US ambassador to the European Union, said he "never received a clear answer" on why US security aid for Ukraine was withheld.

Sondland told lawmakers he learned of the aid hold in July and August 2019, which he said he "adamantly opposed." The Ukrainians, he said, "needed those funds to fight against Russian aggression."

"I tried diligently to ask why the aid was suspended, but I never received a clear answer," Sondland said.

"In the absence of any credible explanation for the suspension of aid, I later came to believe that the resumption of security aid would not occur until there was a public statement from Ukraine committing to the investigations of the 2016 election and Burisma, as Mr. Giuliani had demanded."

He said he shared concerns about a potential quid pro quo regarding the aid with the Ukrainians and Republican Sen. Ron Johnson.

Watch:

9:51 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland: Rick Perry, Kurt Volker and I "were playing the hand we were dealt"

Andrew Harnik/AP
Andrew Harnik/AP

US Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland said he — as well as Energy Secretary Rick Perry and US diplomat Kurt Volker — didn't want to work with Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine matters, but they did so because "we were playing the hand we were dealt."

If they didn't work with Giuliani, "We would lose a very important opportunity to cement relations between the United States and Ukraine," he said.

"First, Secretary Perry, Ambassador Volker and I worked with Mr. Rudy Giuliani on Ukraine matters at the express direction of the President of the United States. We did not want to work with Mr. Giuliani. Simply put, we were playing the hand we were dealt. We all understood that if we refused to work with Mr. Giuliani, we would lose a very important opportunity to cement relations between the United States and Ukraine. So we followed the President's orders."

Watch the moment:

9:51 a.m. ET, November 20, 2019

Sondland on his background: "Like so many immigrants, my family was eager for freedom and hungry for opportunity"

Win McNamee/Getty Images
Win McNamee/Getty Images

In his opening statement, Gordon Sondland described his family's background as one of immigrants "eager for freedom and hungry for opportunity."

He told lawmakers that his family fled Europe during the Holocaust for Uruguay, then emigrated to Seattle, Washington, where he was born and raised.

"Like so many immigrants, my family was eager for freedom and hungry for opportunity. They raised my sister and me to be humble, hardworking, and patriotic, and I am forever grateful for the sacrifices they made on our behalf," the US ambassador to the European Union testified.

Sondland went on to say that "public service has always been important to me."

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