Tensions soar after Iran seizes tanker

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5:49 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

Indian government working to release nationals on tanker taken by Iran

The India government says it is in touch with counterparts in Iran to try to secure the release of Indian crew members onboard the captured British-flagged oil tanker Stena Impero.

"We are ascertaining further details on the incident. Our mission is in touch with the government of Iran to secure the early release and repatriation of Indian nationals," government spokesman Raveesh Kumar said, according to a statement from India’s Ministry of External Affairs.

Eighteen Indian nationals are onboard the tanker that was seized Friday and is now being held in Iran’s Bandar Abbas port, Iran’s semi-official Fars News reported.

A statement from the UK operators, Stena Bulk and Northern Marine Management, also said that Indian nationals are among the 23-person crew.

5:54 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

Iran's gamble on a tanker seizure will end its credit -- even among friends

Steadily increasing its bets in an international game of bluff, Iran has gone almost all in with a gamble that its hardliners must believe is worth the punt -- but which will certainly end their credit lines even among friends.

In seizing a foreign tanker which it accuses of "violating international regulations," Tehran has resorted to a form of piracy in international waters.

At a time when Iran might have begun to win friends and influence people in the world's corridors of power, it's showing that it really could be the force of dangerous instability that its most ardent enemies have claimed.

Iran has legitimate frustrations over the American withdrawal from the nuclear deal that was supposed to swap limiting its nuclear program for an end to economic sanctions.

And the country has been irritated by the seizure of its own oil tanker, the Grace I, by Gibraltarian and British authorities. But the UK and Iran had been trying to negotiate a way to release the tanker and keep the nuclear deal on track.

And now a British tanker is in the clutches of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps after it was seized in international waters. With no legitimate basis for such a seizure, Iran is committing an act of aggression against a sovereign vessel that, in theory, could be met with an aggressive response.

Read more here

5:24 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

Iran's "dangerous path" could push UK closer to US, to the detriment of nuclear deal

The British-flagged tanker, the Stena Impero, has become a pawn in the widening crisis between the Islamic Republic and Western powers in the Persian Gulf, as Iran fights to free itself from the crippling effects of continued American economic sanctions.

"This is classic Iranian escalatory behavior designed to show it can also push back," Sanam Vakil, senior research fellow at Chatham House in London, told CNN on Saturday.

But there could be serious consequences for Iran's aggression toward the UK, as it seeks to renew nuclear talks.

Iran's actions in the Strait came just hours after authorities in Gibraltar agreed to extend the detention of an Iranian oil tanker in its custody for 30 days. That ship, the Grace 1, was seized by British authorities on July 4, accused of attempting to transport oil to Syria in violation of European Union sanctions.

"The dangerous strategy for Iran is that this could push the UK closer to the United States and result in greater coordination between the two allies," Vakil said.

The UK -- one of three EU countries party to the Iran nuclear deal -- has worked to maintain the landmark agreement even after its ally, the US, dropped out. But Iran's escalation in the Strait makes that balancing act between saving the deal and appeasing Washington increasingly difficult.

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt said on Twitter Saturday that the incident showed "worrying signs Iran may be choosing a dangerous path of illegal and destabilising behavior," adding that the UK's response would be "considered, but robust."

3:06 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

US intelligence official: "Iran doesn't want war"

Robert Ashley, the director of the US Defense Intelligence Agency, said Friday that he believes Iran "does not want war," but is attempting drive a wedge between the US and its EU partners in attempt to change the “status quo."

Ashley was speaking at the Aspen Security Forum in Colorado at a panel moderated by CNN's Jim Sciutto.

“What you see is an attempt to break that status quo is to look to divide us with our European powers, to try to get the European powers to come back in to have an economic impact. So you kind of watch this across the dime,” he said.

Watch the full conversation here:

3:37 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

Seizure of British-flagged ship 'probably the highest level security threat that we have seen in the region since the late 80s'

What happened: Iran seized a British-flagged tanker, the Stena Impero, while it was sailing in the Strait of Hormuz on Friday. UK and US officials quickly denounced the move as a reckless violation of international norms.

Iranian media reported Saturday the Stena Impero had been involved in an accident with a fishing boat, and that the ship had been taken to Bandar Abbas Port. The 23-man crew -- made up of Indian, Russian, Latvian and Philippines nationals -- will remain on board until Iranian authorities finis investigating the incident, Iran's Fars news agency reported.

What the UK said: Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt called the seizure "unacceptable" and said "it is essential that freedom of navigation is maintained and that all ships can move safely and freely in the region."

The UK Foreign Office also advised ships to "stay out of the area" for the time being.

Why it matters: The seizure comes amid a dangerous standoff between Iran and the US.

The Strait of Hormuz is one of the most important points of traffic for the world's oil supply chain. If this standoff were to continue to affect traffic in the strait, it could seriously hamper the global economy.

Richard Meade, the managing editor of the influential shipping industry publication Lloyds List, said the Stena Impero's seizure is "probably the highest level security threat that we have seen in the region since the late 80s."

2:12 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

Iran says Stena Impero got into an accident with fishing boat; crew to remain on board until investigation ends

The Stena Impero got into an accident with an Iranian fishing boat before it was seized, Iranian officials said, according to the country's semi-official Fars News agency.

The general director of Hormuzgan Province’s Ports and Maritime Organization told Fars that the fishing boat attempted to signal to the tanker but was ignored.

After it was seized by Iranian forces, the Stena Impero was then taken to Iran’s Bandar Abbas Port, Fars reported. All 23 crew members are going to be held on board until the investigation ends, according to Fars.

1:29 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

UK vows 'serious consequences' if Iran doesn't release tanker

Britain warned Friday there would be "serious consequences" if Iran did not release a UK-flagged oil tanker it seized in the Strait of Hormuz Friday, the latest confrontation in the increasingly tense standoff in the important shipping route.

Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) said it captured the vessel, the Stena Impero, after it violated "international regulations," according to the country's state-run Press TV.

"These seizures are unacceptable. It is essential that freedom of navigation is maintained and that all ships can move safely and freely in the region," British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt said Friday.

Iran's actions in the Strait came just hours after authorities in Gibraltar agreed to extend the detention of an Iranian oil tanker in its custody for 30 days. That ship, the Grace 1, was seized by British authorities on July 4, accused of attempting to transport oil to Syria in violation of European Union sanctions.

Observers had expected Iran to respond to the Grace 1's seizure, and the UK raised the security level for British ships in the Persian Gulf just last week.

Read more here

12:54 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

An escalating series of maritime episodes

The seizure of the British-flagged Stena Impero tanker is yet another in an accelerating series of recent maritime episodes involving Iran.

Here's a look at the most significant:

MAY 8, 2018

  • Trump announces he is pulling out of the nuclear deal with Iran, adding he will initiate new sanctions. "Any nation that helps Iran in its quest for nuclear weapons could also be strongly sanctioned by the United States," Trump says.

NOVEMBER 5, 2018

APRIL 8, 2019

JUNE 2019

JUNE 20, 2019

  • Iran shoots down a United States military drone. Iran's Revolutionary Guard claims that the drone was shot down after it entered the country's territory, while the US claims the drone was shot down in international airspace.

JUNE 24, 2019

JULY 1, 2019

JULY 4, 2019

  • The Iranian oil-carrying vessel Grace 1 is seized by British authorities near Gibralter. Gibraltar's territorial authorities had reason to believe the ship was "carrying its shipment of crude oil to the Baniyas Refinery in Syria" in violation of European Union sanctions, it said in a statement. Iran called the act "piracy."

JULY 10, 2019

JULY 14, 2019

JULY 18, 2019

  • US officials say the US Navy has destroyed an Iranian drone using electronic jamming, in a defensive action after it came too close to naval ship USS Boxer took. However, Iranian officials deny that any of their drones have been downed.

JULY 19, 2019

  • Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) announces that its navy has captured the British-flagged oil tanker, Stena Impero. It accuses the British tanker of "violating international regulations."
  • A second tanker, the Liberian flagged MV Mesdar, was briefly held by Iran but then released, US officials and the company that owns the ship said.

12:17 a.m. ET, July 20, 2019

Why the Strait of Hormuz is so important

There is no place in the world more important for the global supply of oil than the Strait of Hormuz.

The channel, which is only 21 miles (33.7 kilometers) wide at its narrowest point, is the only way to move oil from the Persian Gulf to the world's oceans. And that's why the seizure of a British-flagged ship in the strait Friday is such a concern.

If the Strait were to be closed, it would be a massive blow to the world's economy. 

The Strait of Hormuz, which links the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, "is the world's most important choke point," said the US Energy Information Administration.

The Strait is even narrower than its 21-mile width suggests. The shipping channels that can handle massive supertankers are only two miles wide heading in and out of the Gulf, forcing ships to pass through Iranian and Omani territorial waters.

And the amount of oil that passes through the channel is staggering, with roughly 80% of the crude it handles destined for markets in Asia. The world's global economy could not function without that supply of oil lubricating it.

About 22.5 million barrels of oil a day passed through the Strait of Hormuz on average since the start of 2018, according to Vortexa, an energy analytics firm. That's roughly 24% of daily global oil production, and nearly 30% of oil moving over the world's oceans.