Iran's top general Soleimani killed in US strike
Iraq Parliament Speaker Mohammed al-Halboosi condemned the US strike that killed Iranian Quds Force commander Qassem Soleimani and the Deputy Head of the Iranian-backed Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis. He called it "a flagrant violation of sovereignty, and a violation of international conventions."
"Any security and military operation on Iraqi territory must have the approval of the government," al-Halboosi said in a statement. "We also call on the government in this sensitive circumstance to take the necessary political, legal and security measures to stop such attacks."
The Iraqi Parliament speaker also acknowledged repercussions for the strike could threaten peace and stability in the region. He called for everyone to “exercise restraint” and avoid turning Iraq into a "battlefield."
“Our condolences go out to the Iraqi people and the people of the Popular Mobilization Organization, as we extend our condolences to the Islamic Republic of Iran for the martyrdom of the guest of Iraq, Hajj Qassim Soleimani, asking God Almighty to shed mercy on the martyrs and bless them and inspire their loved ones patience and solace,” al- Halboosi added in his statement.
The killing of Qasem Soleimani was “most likely unlawful,” UN Rapporteur on extra-judicial executions Agnès Callamard tweeted.
She said the targeted killings “violate international human rights law,” adding that “outside the context of active hostilities, the use of drones or other means for targeted killing is almost never likely to be legal.”
She further argued that “drone killing of anyone other than the target (family members or others in the vicinity, for example) would be an arbitrary deprivation of life under human rights law and could result in State responsibility and individual criminal liability.”
At least six people were killed alongside Soleimani in the drone strike. The UN Rapporteur said the killing of other individuals alongside Soleimani was “absolutely” unlawful.
Callamard wrote that, while under customary international law states may take military action in case of imminent attack, the Pentagon’s statement mentions that it aimed at “deterring future Iranian attack plans.”
"Future is not the same as imminent which is the time based test required under international law.” She added that “the test for so-called anticipatory self-defence is very narrow.”
The Russian Defense Ministry called the US strike that killed Iranian military leader Qasem Soleimani in Baghdad "a short-sighted” act that will bring "serious negative consequences” to the entire region, according to Russian state-news agency TASS.
"The short-sighted acts of the US, the assassination of General Soleimani, lead to a sharp escalation of the military-political situation in the Middle East region and serious negative consequences for the entire international security system.”
The Russian Defense Ministry continued to say that Soleimani’s role in the fight against ISIS was “undeniable.”
"Under the direct leadership of Soleimani, long before the formation of the so-called US-led international coalition, an armed resistance was organized [to counter] the international terrorist groups ISIS and Al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. His personal contributions to the fight against ISIS in Syria are undeniable,” the Russian military added.
The US and its European allies parted company on Iran policy a year and a half ago.
In May 2018, President Trump announced he was unilaterally pulling the US out of the multilateral JCPOA — also known as the Iranian nuclear deal.
Ever since then the European cosignatories — the United Kingdom, France, Germany and the European Union — have attempted a conciliatory approach to Iran and have tried to counter the destabilizing effect of Trump’s pullout.
In the early aftermath of Soleimani’s killing, European governments have urged restraint, as ever keen to give Iran’s Ayatollah a path back to peace.
Some historical context: When Trump ratcheted up sanctions last year, the Europeans created a banking system to help Iran circumvent them and give some relief to its crippled economy. Even so, British warships edged closer to conflict with Iranian forces when British flagged tankers in the Persian Gulf were captured and impounded by Iran.
If Iran escalates tensions in the strategic Strait of Hormuz, European reaction is likely to hew closer to America’s tough position.
The ball is in Iran’s court. How they calibrate their response will determine how much they devise their enemies.
It will be a tricky balance as they seek revenge for the death of a national hero.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo disputed France's statement that the killing of Qasem Soleimani has made the world less safe. He said Iranians and Iraqis should view the US action as "giving them their freedom."
“Yeah well, the French are just wrong about that,” Pompeo said on CNN’s New Day Friday. “The world is a much safer place today. And I can ensure you that Americans in the region are much safer today after the demise of Qasem Soleimani.”
“We have every expectation that people not only in Iraq but in Iran will view the American action last night as giving them freedom,” Pompeo added. “Freedom to have the opportunity for success and prosperity for their nations and while the political leadership may not want that, the people in these nations will demand it.”
Pompeo also downplayed protests against the US in Iran.
“As for the protests you described, there's no doubt the last vestiges of theocracy, the kleptocracy in Iran will continue to try to put down these uprisings from the people,” he said. “They've jailed thousands. They've killed hundreds. It won't surprise me if they try to continue to do that.”
Pompeo went on to say: “But know this: The Iranian people understand that America is a force for good in the region. And I'm convinced that the support we have provided to people in Iran and the support we will continue to provide for the people of Iraq will work to protect American interests and make lives better for those people as well."
Tens of thousands of people are out on the streets in anti-US protests today, after Qasem Soleimani -- a popular figure in the country -- was killed by a US strike.
Here's some images from the capital city Tehran on Friday.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised President Trump for the killing of IRGC General Qasem Soleimani, saying that Israel "stands with the United States in its just struggle for peace, security and self-defense."
Speaking before he boarded his flight from Greece back to Israel, Netanyahu said:
"Just as Israel has the right of self-defense, the United States has exactly the same right. Qasem Soleimani is responsible for the death of American citizens and many other innocent people. He was planning more such attacks. President Trump deserves all the credit for acting swiftly, forcefully and decisively."
Netanyahu appeared not to answer when asked if he was briefed on the strike beforehand.
Sen. Lindsey Graham, a Republican from South Carolina, told Fox News this morning that he was briefed about "the potential operation" in Baghdad.
"I was briefed about the potential operation when I was down in Florida. I appreciate being brought into the orbit. I really appreciate president trump letting the world know you cannot kill an American without impunity. We'll stand up for our people. And that is an absolutely essential message," Graham said.
At least six people were killed in the US drone strike in Baghdad that killed Iranian Quds Force commander Qasem Soleimani and the Deputy Head of the Iranian-backed Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis on Friday, an Iraqi security source told CNN on condition of anonymity, as they are not authorized to speak to the media.
Two PMF vehicles were struck at the Baghdad International airport and at least six people have been killed, the source said. The death toll “is not a final number, but an official number” since other victims of the attack have yet to be identified, the source said.
Iran’s ambassador to Iraq, Iraj Masjedi, said earlier on Friday that at least 10 people were killed in the attack, according to semi-official news agency Mehr News. All the passengers in the vehicles carrying Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, which included four associates and bodyguards were killed, Masjedi said.