April 13, 2022 Russia-Ukraine news

By Aditi Sangal, Adrienne Vogt, Helen Regan, Matias Grez, Jeevan Ravindran, Laura Smith-Spark, Maureen Chowdhury and Mike Hayes, CNN

Updated 12:01 a.m. ET, April 14, 2022
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10:38 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

Finnish government publishes security report with assessment of possible NATO membership amid Ukraine invasion

From CNN's James Frater in Brussels

Finland's Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto  present the report on changes in the foreign and security policy of Finland, in Helsinki on Wednesday.
Finland's Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto present the report on changes in the foreign and security policy of Finland, in Helsinki on Wednesday. (Lehtikuva/Reuters)

The Finnish government presented a report Wednesday to the country’s parliament on the fundamental security changes that have occurred following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The wide-ranging report included an assessment on whether Finland should purse closer cooperation with NATO and considered the effects of a possible NATO membership.

If Finland and Sweden become full NATO members, the report said “the threshold for using military force in the Baltic Sea region would rise,” enhancing “the stability of the region in the long term.” 

Membership would include signing up to NATO’s founding principle of collective defense — commonly referred to as Article 5 — which means that an attack against one NATO ally is considered as an attack against all allies.

For Finland, the report outlined that “the most significant effect of its possible NATO membership would be that Finland would be part of NATO’s collective defence, and be covered by the security guarantees enshrined in Article 5.”

The deterrent effect of being a NATO member would be “considerably stronger than it is at present, as it would be based on the capabilities of the entire Alliance,” the report said, and “Finland would be prepared to support other NATO member countries in a possible Article 5 situation.”

The report outlined that possible membership in NATO “would significantly expand the area of the Alliance, double its land border with Russia, and move the Alliance closer to strategically important areas in Russia,” such as the Kola Peninsula and St. Petersburg.

Finland “would aim to continue to maintain functioning relations with Russia in the event it becomes a NATO member,” it added.

The report cautioned that given Russia’s “negative view towards NATO enlargement,” if Finland applied for NATO membership, it should be prepared for “risks that are difficult to anticipate, such as increasing tensions on the border between Finland and Russia.”

And the country would have to “strengthen its preparedness for becoming a target of wide-ranging hybrid influence activities,” it said.

The report added that “close cooperation between Finland and Sweden during possible accession processes would be important,” saying that a “simultaneous accession processes” from the two countries could also “facilitate preparation for and response to Russia’s possible reaction.” 

As part of accession talks to the alliance, the Finnish government said it would raise NATO’s military presence in the country, saying that “membership would not oblige Finland to accept nuclear weapons, permanent bases or troops in its territory."

This, the report said, is similar to the agreement that Norway and Denmark have, which does not permit “permanent troops, bases or nuclear weapons of the Alliance in their territory during peacetime.”

Finland’s “contribution to the collective defence of the Alliance” would be negotiated during the accession process.

12:14 p.m. ET, April 13, 2022

Austria's Nehammer says he visited Putin to look him in the eyes and confront him

From CNN’s Adam Pourahmadi in Abu Dhabi

Austria’s Chancellor Karl Nehammer said on Wednesday he decided to go to Moscow to confront Russian President Vladimir Putin with what he saw in Ukraine. 

“I made the decision to go to Moscow, to look in President Putin’s eyes and confront him with what I saw,” the chancellor said in an interview with CNN’s Becky Anderson. 

When asked about Putin’s mindset during the meeting, Nehammer said Putin was “very tough” and “clear” in his messages.

“In his point of view, he has to defend the Russian Federation, the Russians living in eastern Ukraine,” he said.

The Austrian chancellor went on to say that “it’s not easy for Putin to talk about war crimes,” adding that he confronted Putin about war crimes and told him “it’s necessary to have international justice, the United Nations there.”  

Asked whether Putin accepted there are war crimes bring committed, Nehammer responded, “Well, you know, it’s President Putin. In this position, he was not clear.”

Nehammer said Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky told him to tell Russian President Putin that evacuation corridors are needed in the besieged Ukrainian port city of Mariupol. 

Nehammer said Zelensky told him: "Please, if you go there, tell him that it's now needed to have safe corridors, humanitarian corridors for the people in Mariupol. They don't have water, no electricity. We have to think about the wounded there."

Nehammer also said he consulted with Zelensky on whether it would be useful to visit Putin. 

“These were the messages I confronted to Putin,” Nehammer added.

10:00 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

More bodies were found, some tortured, after Russians retreated from northeast Ukraine, officials say

From CNN's Yulia Kesaieva in Lviv and Tim Lister

In the days since Russian forces left the Sumy region of northeastern Ukraine, authorities say a growing number of bodies have been discovered.

"There are more than 100 dead among the civilians in the Sumy region. Unfortunately, this number is growing every day," Dmytro Zhyvytskyi, head of Sumy regional military administration, said in a briefing Wednesday.

"A lot of people found dead with their hands tied with the signs of tortures, shot in the head," he added.

Zhyvytskyi alleged that "there are people who are held captive and there are daily negotiations for them to be exchanged or set free. A lot of people whose fate remains unknown as of today."

Sumy saw widespread damage in the early days of the Russian invasion, with several confrontations between civilians and Russian soldiers in the region. 

This week, the Ukrainian cabinet allotted about $8 million to the Sumy region to begin the task of repairing housing, roads and utilities.

9:58 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

Switzerland adopts latest round of EU sanctions against Russia and Belarus

From CNN's Sharon Braithwaite in London

Switzerland has adopted the latest round of EU sanctions against Russia and Belarus, "in light of Russia’s continuing military aggression against Ukraine and reports of atrocities (committed by the Russian armed forces) in Bucha," the Swiss government said Wednesday in a statement.

The Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research has also imposed financial sanctions and travel restrictions on a further 200 individuals, including two of Russian President Vladimir Putin's daughters, the statement added.

"Switzerland’s list of sanctions now fully mirrors that of the EU," the government said, adding that the relevant amendments will come into force at 6 p.m. local time (12 p.m. ET) on Wednesday.

The European Union approved on Thursday a fifth round of sanctions against Russia over its invasion of Ukraine.

10:27 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

It's "not possible" to cut off all Russian gas right now, Austrian chancellor tells CNN

From CNN’s Adam Pourahmadi, Chris Liakos and Benjamin Brown

Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer speaks with CNN on Wednesday.
Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer speaks with CNN on Wednesday. (CNN)

Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer said that cutting off Russian gas right now is "not possible" and that the European Union must look at sanctions that hurt Russia more than the European Union.

“Austria is not alone with this argument against the gas embargo," he said, citing Germany and Hungary's positions. "And on the other side, Austria stands strong with the other EU member states with the sanctions against the Russian Federation. But sanctions must hurt Russia more than the European Union,” Nehammer told CNN’s Becky Anderson on Wednesday.

“Oil is already discussed now in the European Commission and in the EU Council. The gas question is separate, you know, it's not only the Austrian position, it's also this position of Germany, Hungary or Bulgaria, for example, because we depend on the gas. Our industries depend on the gas. And so we have to decide about sanctions who hurt Russia more than the sanctions hurt us,” the chancellor added.

Asked whether the question of gas embargo could fracture the EU, Nehammer said he doesn’t believe so.

“We decided to gather about the sanctions against the Russian Federation, and the sanctions already decided are really tough and strong. And we will decide about more sanctions against Russia, because, you know, we want to show that there is unity in the European Union, that this war has to end,” he said.

Pressed on what more the EU can do as current sanctions have not stopped Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Austrian chancellor said: “I think we should think about sanctions now in a more intelligent way how we can hurt the Russian Federation but not hurt us. I think this is the main important thing. You know, there is a decision in the European Union that we try everything to become independent from Russian gas, and it's also the willing of Austria for sure. But it's not possible now. It will take time.”

The EU last week agreed to phase out Russian coal imports as part of a new package of sanctions. Earlier today, German government spokesperson Wolfgang Büchner said that Germany has taken steps to reduce its dependence on Russian energy but at this time continues to reject an immediate ban on Russian gas or oil imports.

Nehammer had a face-to-face meeting with Putin on Monday, the first Western sit-down with the Russian President since he launched his invasion in February. Nehammer said he raised alleged Russian atrocities in Ukraine during the "tough" and unfriendly meeting.

10:25 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

The Pentagon is meeting today with top weapons makers to discuss capacity needed to support Ukraine

From CNN's Oren Liebermann and Barbara Starr 

In this file photo, a Ukrainian service member carries an American-made Javelin missile system in a trench position north of Kyiv, on March 13.
In this file photo, a Ukrainian service member carries an American-made Javelin missile system in a trench position north of Kyiv, on March 13. (Gleb Garanich/Reuters)

The Pentagon is convening a meeting of its top weapons makers Wednesday to discuss the industry’s capacity to support Ukraine in a protracted war with Russia, according to a defense official and an industry official.

The meeting today at the Pentagon will be classified and chaired by Deputy Defense Secretary Kathleen Hicks. The attendees will represent Boeing, L3Harris, Raytheon, BAE, Lockheed Martin, Huntington Ingalls, General Dynamics, and Northrop Grumman, a US official tells CNN. 

The three main topics to be discussed are supplying Ukraine, re-supplying partners and allies as well as resupplying US inventories.

With regards to Ukraine, they will discuss more about immediate security needs of Ukraine but also look out two to four years at least.

The official says the assessment is even if the Russian troops somehow leave, there will still be enduring security concerns. They will also discuss that over time, some of what is being provided will be obsolete production and new versions will have to be supplied as replacements.

With regards to partners and allies, the participants will discuss what might be in production or going into production that is a reasonable backfill (especially the Patriot system). US production will become obsolete with new versions over time, and they will discuss if those are available and exportable.

More on the meeting: The meeting between the defense contractors and the Pentagon, first reported by Reuters, was organized just a few days ago, according to the defense industry official with direct knowledge of the arrangements.

The official said the contractors have been told the focus of the meeting is on the “capacity of the industry” to support Ukraine if the war goes on for several years. 

The sense of things, the official said, is the US is “assuming this is going to be a years long endeavor” in a scenario where, at a minimum, Ukraine will not able to safely manufacture weapons in its own country. 

But in the meeting, the official said, the contractors are likely to bring up the serious challenges still facing defense manufacturing in the US including ongoing and severe supply chain issues and a lack of affordable labor. 

All of this continues to constrict defense manufacturing capacity right now, and could grow worse as increased defense spending in the budget and Ukraine contracts vie for manufacturing capacity, the official said. 

The issue of capacity is also impacting the manufacture of critical ammunition supplies, even though most of it is done in government-owned contractor-operated facilities.

The US has authorized more than $2.4 billion in security assistance to Ukraine since the beginning of the Biden administration, including more than $1.7 billion since the start of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24.

The US is expected to announce on Wednesday it is sending hundreds of millions of dollars in new military assistance to Ukraine, three sources familiar with the package tell CNN.

11:08 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

Biden's "genocide" declaration not expected to trigger immediate changes to US policy

From CNN's Kevin Liptak 

President Joe Biden speaks to the media before boarding Air Force One at Des Moines International Airport, in Des Moines Iowa, Tuesday.
President Joe Biden speaks to the media before boarding Air Force One at Des Moines International Airport, in Des Moines Iowa, Tuesday. (Carolyn Kaster/AP)

US President Joe Biden's declaration that the atrocities now underway in Ukraine are a "genocide" is not expected to trigger any immediate changes to US policy toward the conflict, according to US officials familiar with the matter.

Biden made clear in Iowa he believes Russian President Vladimir Putin is committing genocide in Ukraine, but said he would "let the lawyers decide" to use that designation internationally.

That was a signal the US is not making a formal declaration of genocide in Ukraine, the officials said. The US has only made eight formal determinations of genocide, most recently labeling Myanmar's persecution of the Rohingya minority a genocide.

Doing so would trigger legal obligation under the United Nations Genocide Convention, which would require countries to intervene to prevent the genocide from advancing.

Already, Biden's use of the word genocide has drawn some blowback from a key US ally.

“I want to continue to try, as much as I can, to stop this war and rebuild peace. I am not sure that an escalation of rhetoric serves that cause,” French President Emmanuel Macron said Wednesday.

Russia's response: The Kremlin responded Wednesday to Biden describing the invasion of Ukraine as “genocide,” calling it “unacceptable." 

“We consider such attempts to distort the situation unacceptable,” Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov told reporters during his regular conference call with journalists.  

“Moreover, this is hardly acceptable for the United States, a country that has committed well-known deeds in modern and recent history,” added Peskov, referring to US-led military activity overseas.  

This reiterates the Kremlin’s chosen rhetoric tactic of "whataboutism" when it comes to the US accusations. Commenting on Biden calling Putin a “war criminal” in March, Peskov said that the president of a country that dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki doesn’t have the right to make such statements.

Mass graves and horrific apparent executions have been uncovered in areas in Ukraine where Russian troops have withdrawn, particularly in the town of Bucha near Kyiv.

CNN staff contributed reporting to this post.

9:35 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

Sweden will make a decision on NATO membership after serious analysis, prime minister says

From CNN’s Radina Gigova in London

Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson speaks at a press conference in Stockholm, on April 13.
Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson speaks at a press conference in Stockholm, on April 13. (Paul Wennerholm/TT News Agency/AFP/Getty Images)

Sweden would make a decision on a possible NATO membership only after serious analysis of the situation and considering its best interest, Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said Wednesday.

"The security landscape has completely changed" after Russia's invasion of Ukraine and "given this situation, we have to really think through what is best for Sweden and our security and our peace in this new situation," Andersson said speaking alongside her Finish counterpart in Stockholm following a bilateral meeting.

"This is a very important time in history. There is a before and after 24th of February," Andersson said. "I think you really have to analyze the new situation, do it very seriously, think about the consequences, the pros and cons of all potential ways forward."
9:29 a.m. ET, April 13, 2022

About 180,000 people waiting to be evacuated from Mariupol, mayor says

From Amy Cassidy in London

A young man walks on a street of Mariupol, on April 12.
A young man walks on a street of Mariupol, on April 12. (Alexander Nemenov/AFP/Getty Images)

Up to 180,000 people are waiting to be evacuated from in and around the besieged Ukrainian city of Mariupol, Mayor Vadym Boychenko said Wednesday.

This comes as no evacuation corridors were operating Wednesday due to Russian forces blocking evacuation buses, Deputy Ukrainian Prime Minister Iryna Vereshchuk announced earlier.

A total of 150,000 people have been evacuated from Mariupol so far, Boychenko added, speaking during an online media briefing. Boychenko’s comments were interpreted in English via Ukraine’s government-supported Media Center.

The strategic port city is one of Russia's main targets and has been destroyed by constant shelling throughout the war.