Because of Western donations, Ukraine now fields a multi-layered air defense network capable of hitting short, medium and long range targets.
Kyiv's arsenal includes the Franco-Italian SAMP/T, German Iris-T and Gepard, as well as the American NASAMS and Patriot air defense systems, among others. All of these are kept under even more secrecy, in undisclosed locations away from prying eyes, to avoid targeting by Russian forces.
And the results are on display, with Russian missile and drone strikes inflicting less and less damage.
Still, some drones and missiles do break through Ukraine’s anti-aircraft defenses.
Sometimes their impact is minimal, but sometimes it is devastating, such as Friday’s deadly strike in the city of Dnipro.
“S-300 or S-400 anti-aircraft guided missiles, this is the type of weapon the occupiers often use attacking the frontline areas. Presumably, it was these types of rockets that struck civilian objects (in Dnipro),” Yurii Inhat, spokesman for Ukraine’s Air Force command, said after the strike.