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Tulsi Gabbard

Congresswoman from Hawaii
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Gabbard brings her experience as an Iraq War veteran to the presidential campaign and has staked out a distinctly anti-interventionist foreign policy. She was elected to Congress in 2012.
Hawaii Pacific University, B.S., 2009
April 12, 1981
Abraham Williams; divorced from Eduardo Tamayo
Major, Hawaii National Guard, 2003-present;
Honolulu City Council, 2010-2012;
Legislative aide to Sen. Daniel Akaka of Hawaii, 2006-2009;
Hawaii State House, 2002-2004
National Polling
Updated 01/22/20
Monmouth Univ.
Updated 01/22/20
Quinnipiac Univ.
Updated 01/13/20
Tulsi Gabbard Fast Facts
Updated 5:14 PM ET, Wed Jan 22, 2020
Here's a look at the life of US Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, 2020 Democratic presidential candidate. Gabbard represents Hawaii's 2nd District. Personal Birth date: April 12, 1981 Birth place: Leloaloa, American Samoa Birth name: Tulsi Gabbard Father: Mike Gabbard, Hawaii state senator Mother: Carol (Porter) Gabbard, former Hawaii Board of Education member Marriages: Abraham Williams (2015-present); Eduardo Tamayo (2002-2006, divorced) Education: Hawaii Pacific University, B.S.B.A., 2009 Military service: Hawaii Army National Guard, 2003-present, Major Religion: Hinduism Other Facts As a teenager, co-founded Healthy Hawai'i Coalition, an environmental non-profit. She is the first American Samoan Congresswoman and first practicing Hindu member of the US Congress. She is an avid surfer. Timeline 2002 - At age 21, is elected to the Hawaii State House to represent West Oahu, making her the youngest woman ever elected to the state legislature. 2003 - Enlists in the Hawaii Army National Guard. She completes her basic training between legislative sessions. 2004-2005 - Gabbard's unit is activated, and she voluntarily deploys, serving with a field medical unit in Iraq. 2006-2009 - Legislative aide to Senator Daniel Akaka of Hawaii. 2007 - Graduates from the Accelerated Officer Candidate School at the Alabama Military Academy. This makes Gabbard the first woman in the Academy's 50-year history to earn the title of the distinguished honor graduate. 2008-2009 - Gabbard deploys to Kuwait, training counterterrorism units. November 2, 2010 - Is elected to the Honolulu City Council. 2011 - Founds the film production company, Kanu Productions. November 6, 2012 - Defeats David "Kawika" Crowley in the 2nd Congressional District of Hawaii for the US House of Representatives. January 22, 2013 - Elected vice chair of the Democratic National Committee. August 28, 2013 - Aniruddha Sherbow is apprehended in Tijuana, Mexico, after making threats against Gabbard that the FBI and US Capitol Police "deemed credible." Sherbow is later sentenced to 33 months in prison. October 12, 2015 - On CNN's "The Situation Room," Gabbard says she was disinvited from a Democratic presidential debate, telling Wolf Blitzer that her vocal support for more debates had made her "no longer welcome to come to the debate." October 12, 2015 - Is promoted by the Hawaii Army National Guard from captain to major at a ceremony in Hawaii. November 20, 2015 - Calls for the United States to let Syrian President Bashar al-Assad remain in power. February 28, 2016 - On NBC's "Meet the Press," Gabbard announces her decision to step down as DNC vice chair to endorse Bernie Sanders' presidential bid. November 21, 2016 - Meets with President-elect Donald Trump. "President-elect Trump asked me to meet with him about our current policies regarding Syria, our fight against terrorist groups like al-Qaeda and ISIS, as well as other foreign policy challenges we face," Gabbard says in a statement. January 25, 2017 - Gabbard tells CNN's Jake Tapper that she met with Assad during an unannounced, four-day trip to Syria. "When the opportunity arose to meet with him, I did so because I felt that it's important that if we profess to truly care about the Syrian people, about their suffering, then we've got to be able to meet with anyone that we need to if there is a possibility that we can achieve peace," Gabbard says. January 31, 2017 - Facing criticism, Gabbard issues a statement saying that she will personally pay for her trip to Syria. April 7, 2017 - Gabbard claims she's "skeptical" that Assad's regime was behind a chemical weapons attack that killed dozens in Syria though the President, secretary of state and Pentagon officials found that Assad's regime was responsible for the attack. November 21, 2018 - Gabbard refers to Trump as "Saudi Arabia's bitch" in a tweet after he issues a statement backing Saudi Arabia in the wake of the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. January 11, 2019 - Gabbard tells CNN's Van Jones she will run for president in 2020, during an interview slated to air on January 12. "There are a lot of reasons for me to make this decision. There are a lot of challenges that are facing the American people that I'm concerned about and that I want to help solve," she says. January 17, 2019 - Gabbard issues an apology for her past comments and actions against the LGBTQ community following CNN's earlier report that she had supported her father's anti-gay organization, The Alliance for Traditional Marriage. Gabbard had previously apologized in 2012 while running for Congress. January 20, 2019 - Gabbard says that she does not regret meeting with Assad in 2017, adding that American leaders must meet with foreign leaders "if we are serious about the pursuit of peace and securing our country." February 2, 2019 - Gabbard officially launches her 2020 presidential campaign at an event in Hawaii. October 17, 2019 - In a podcast interview, former Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton suggests that the Russians are "grooming" a current Democratic presidential candidate to run as a third-party and champion their interests. The comment appears to be directed at Gabbard, who has previously been accused of being boosted by Russia. In her response, Gabbard calls Clinton "the queen of warmongers," and concluded, "It's now clear that this primary is between you and me. Don't cowardly hide behind your proxies. Join the race directly." October 24, 2019 - Gabbard releases a campaign video announcing that she won't run for reelection to Congress in 2020. December 18, 2019 - Votes "present" on both articles of impeachment against President Trump. January 22, 2020 - Gabbard files a defamation lawsuit against Clinton, alleging the former secretary of state and 2016 Democratic presidential nominee "lied" about Gabbard's ties to Russia.
climate crisis
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Gabbard introduced legislation in 2017 that would end fossil fuel subsidies and transition the US to 100% clean energy by 2035. That bill would prohibit “exports of domestically produced crude oil and natural gas, including liquefied natural gas,” and would establish an “equitable transition fund” to provide retraining and other services in order to mitigate job losses in fossil fuel industries. She is not a co-sponsor of the Green New Deal, the broad plan to address renewable-energy infrastructure and climate change proposed by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York. Gabbard denounced Trump’s 2017 decision to pull the US out of the Paris climate accord, a landmark 2015 deal on global warming targets. More on Gabbard’s climate crisis policy
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Gabbard has called for overhauling the tax system, which she says unfairly benefits the rich. She has called Trump’s 2017 tax cuts a “failure,” saying they did not provide relief to working Americans or small businesses. She co-sponsored recently passed House legislation raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour. Gabbard opposed the 11-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal negotiated under Obama, which Trump withdrew from early in his term. She has also opposed the President’s trade war against China, which she argues has “damaged, not helped” our economy. More on Gabbard’s economic policy
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Gabbard is a co-sponsor of the House version of Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders’ College for All Act, which would make all two- and four-year public colleges free. Gabbard has said on Twitter that she supports paying for the measure by “taxing Wall Street.” More on Gabbard’s education policy
gun violence
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Gabbard has backed or co-sponsored legislation to ban so-called assault weapons, high-capacity magazines and bump stocks. She also supports legislation to impose universal background checks on gun buyers. More on Gabbard’s gun violence policy
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Gabbard is among the co-sponsors of the House version of “Medicare for All” legislation, which would create a national public health insurance plan, but she has said she does not want to eliminate private insurance. She is also a co-sponsor of legislation allowing drug imports, as well as empowering Medicare to negotiate prices with drug manufacturers. Gabbard told The Washington Post that she supports allowing the federal government to produce and sell generic drugs. More on Gabbard’s health care policy
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Gabbard, who has made foreign policy a core issue of her candidacy, has blamed US intervention in Latin America for creating the instability that triggered the surge in migration across the southern US border. She’s a co-sponsor of several bills aimed at keeping migrant families together at the border. She also supports creating a path for undocumented immigrants to gain legal status, including some who were brought to the US as children. More on Gabbard’s immigration policy
Impeachment trial of President Trump
Updated 2:03 PM ET, Thu Jan 23, 2020
Rep. Jerry Nadler, one of seven Democratic House impeachment managers, detailed in his opening statement today the evidence against President Trump to support the charge of abuse of power. "The President's conduct is wrong. It is illegal. It is dangerous. And it captures the worst fears of our founders and the framers of the Constitution," he said. Nadler went on to describe why they've brought forward two articles of impeachment against Trump. "First, he withheld the release of $391 million in vital military assistance appropriated by congress on a bipartisan basis which Ukraine needed to fight Russian aggression. And second, President Trump withheld a long-sought-after White House meeting which would confirm to the world that America stands behind Ukraine in its ongoing struggle," the New York Democrat said. Watch for more: Sen. Joni Ernst, a Republican from Iowa, said the presentation by Democratic House managers isn't budging Republicans. “It's not really changing our opinion,” Ernst said after the party lunch today. She added: “I think we're still waiting to see the overwhelming evidence and once we see that maybe it will convince us that more information is needed, or not. We don't know, because I haven't had that presented yet.” The senators were a little late today. At 1 p.m. ET, there were dozens of empty seats in the chamber. Georgia Sen. David Perdue joked to Utah Sen. Mitt Romney that he thought 1 p.m. meant 1 p.m. Around 1:10 p.m., Sen. Lindsey Graham was the last one to get to his desk. Within the first 20 minutes of Rep. Jerry Nadler’s remarks, Sen. Richard Burr removed his papers from his desk and spun a blue fidget spinner. Sen. Tom Cotton has a purple one on his desk and Sen. Pat Toomey has a white one. Minutes into the third day of the impeachment trial, President Trump is tweeting about trading witnesses. Read his tweet: What's this about? Witness trading is the idea of agreeing to bring forward witnesses Democrats want to hear from, like John Bolton, in exchange for also bringing forward witnesses Republicans want to hear testify, like Hunter Biden. House manager Rep. Adam Schiff panned the idea yesterday, saying, "This isn't a fantasy football trade." Sen. Susan Collins reiterated to CNN today that she anticipates she will vote for witnesses and documents.  “My response is the same as it was Tuesday, I’ve worked very hard to make sure we vote on witnesses and documents at the appropriate stage of the trial. The same as we did during President Clinton’s impeachment trial, the cases have been made by both sides, the questions have been asked. I tend to like information and would anticipate I would vote for more…,” Collins said. Democratic House managers will be laying out their case against President Trump over the next two days before senators. They've laid out a plan to detail the two articles of impeachment against Trump, according to a Democratic official working on the trial said in a written statement.  Here's how it will go down: Today: The House managers will make their case on article one — abuse of power — "and apply the facts and evidence of the President’s scheme to the law and Constitution," the official said. Tomorrow: They will go through article two — obstruction of Congress. Senators and aides in each party say there is an effort in the works to hold a short, morning-only impeachment trial session on Saturday to hear the beginning of the opening arguments from President Trump’s defense counsel and then allowing senators to leave town for the weekend. The plan is not finalized but seems to be gaining steam as word of it circulates through the Republican and Democratic caucuses. “I’m hoping for an early start on Saturday,” said Sen. Roy Blunt a Republican from Missouri who chairs the Rules Committee and has been closely involved with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell in arranging the logistics and other support of the trial. The plan would need unanimous consent from all senators. But after a long few days stuck in the Senate chamber, the idea struck many as perfect.  For Democratic candidates running for president, it would allow them to dash to Iowa or New Hampshire for some much-needed campaigning after being hold up in DC for several days. For everyone else, it might be a time to catch up on some sleep after several late nights. An early start is possible, in part, because Chief Justice John Roberts would not need to do his day job presiding over the Supreme Court on a Saturday, something he’s done all week before presiding over the impeachment trial in the afternoon and into the night. One senator told CNN that Roberts is amenable to the plan.  Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell laid out today's trial schedule, which is similar to yesterday's. The Senate will take short breaks every two or three hours, and at some point, take a 30-minute recess for dinner, he said. About today's hearing: Democratic House managers are resuming their opening statements. They have 24 hours over the course of three days to deliver their arguments. Senate Chaplain Barry Black opened today's hearing with a prayer and a bit of advice to senators: "Listening is often more than hearing." "May they stride to have a clear conscience in whatever they do for you and country. Lord, help them remember that listening is often more than hearing. It can be an empathetic attentiveness that builds bridges and unites," he said. Black continued: "May our senators not permit fatigue or cynicism to jeopardize friendships that have existed for years. At every decision point throughout this trial, may they ask, which choice will bring god the greater glory?" The Senate just gaveled in for the third day of the impeachment trial of President Trump. Democratic House impeachment managers will continue to give their opening arguments. They get 24 hours over the course of three days to make their case, and this will be their second day. After the House Democrats have finished making their opening arguments, Trump's defense team will get 24 hours over three days to make their case. Republican Sen. Lamar Alexander, a retiring institutionalist and Mitch McConnell ally who is thought to be a swing vote, said he hasn’t made a decision yet on voting for subpoenas for witnesses or documents. "We are doing a really good job of allowing the House managers to make the case ... they say themselves they presented overwhelming evidence, they’ve done a good job of that. And then we can decide if we need additional documents or evidence," he said. Asked if additional documents could help his decision making process, the Tennessee Republican said, “There’s no way to tell that. I think we are doing in exactly the right order... first we are hearing the case .. and then if we need more evidence, we have a right to vote for it. I’ll make a decision when we get to that point.” GOP Sen. Lindsey Graham explained why he praised Adam Schiff last night, saying he thought the House impeachment managers delivered a good presentation. What this is about: Graham congratulated Schiff, the lead House impeachment manager, on a job well done after day two of the Senate impeachment trial, according to one Democratic senator who saw the exchange. But today, Graham also argued it was only half the story, and again raised questions about Hunter Biden, Joe Biden and Burisma, saying no one has looked at whether there was a conflict of interest. He said though that he didn't want them to be called as witnesses. "There are a bunch of people on my side" who want to hear from the Bidens, he said, but said he won't vote for it because he wants the circus of the trial to end "sooner rather than later." There's no evidence of wrongdoing by either of the Bidens. When asked if she had concerns about an executive privilege fight tying up the impeachment trial in the courts, Sen. Lisa Murkowski questioned why the House didn't go to court itself.  "The House made a decision that they didn't want to slow things down by having to go through the courts. And yet now they're basically saying you guys gotta go through the courts. We didn't, but we need you to," Murkowski said. House Democrats, who launched the impeachment investigation, have said they moved forward with the articles of impeachment without waiting on court orders for additional witnesses because the process could take too long with the looming 2020 presidential election. Murkowski added that it was still only after day one and wouldn't get into any more details on her thinking. Republican Sens. James Lankford and Thom Tillis both defended President Trump after House managers laid out in meticulous detail his conduct that led to his impeachment. Lankford said House managers were detailing "policy issues" like firing former US Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch. He said that Trump was merely "frustrated" about facing the Russia investigation and was acting appropriately. He also said when asked about a subpoena for former national security adviser John Bolton or acting chief of staff Mick Mulvaney that doing so would stretch out the trial to two to five months — rather than two to five weeks. Remember: It's unclear what Lankford's evidence is that a subpoena would stretch the impeachment trial into months. Sources in communication with Senate majority Leader Mitch McConnell have said he wants this trial to last about 10 days. Under the current schedule laid out in the trial rules, if there's no witnesses or documents subpoenaed, the Senate could vote to acquit Trump by Jan. 31. When asked if he had any concerns with Trump’s conduct, Sen. Tillis, who is up for reelection this year, said: “No. What concerns me is Mr. Schiff is spending most of his time saying, ‘Boy I wish I had more time to make my case.'” Sen. Mitt Romney, one of three Republican senators who have signaled support for subpoenaing witnesses and documents, is staying mum on his thoughts about the Senate impeachment trial. He declined to get into specifics when pressed by reporters this morning. “I’m really not going to comment on evidence or the process until the trial is completed,” he said when asked about the possibility of the President invoking executive privilege over witnesses. Some background: 51 senators would need to vote to allow witnesses and documents at the impeachment trial. If all 47 senators who caucus with the Democrats vote to have witnesses and evidence, they still need four Republicans to join them. Democratic Sen. Kamala Harris, who formerly was California's attorney general, said the impeachment trial "is not a television show" and must focus on facts — not entertainment. "There's no question that a trial requires that we focus on facts. That's just the nature of this. This is not a television show. And it shouldn't be thought of, or judged, based on the standard of what is entertaining television," she told CNN's Dana Bash. She added: "This is a trial on the impeachment of the President of the United States. And I think that if the process is gonna have any legitimacy, it is because it has focused on facts. Again, it may not capture everyone's attention for the length of time that is requited, but the standard shouldn't be whether, you know, it is capturing my attention, our attention should be focused on the most serious matter because of the nature of the matter." Watch here: Sen. Lisa Murkowski, a key GOP vote, just gave a brief assessment of the House managers' first day presentation. "It was just kind of the evidence and the chronology and the facts. It was long. It was pretty thorough," she told reporters. CNN asked if they made the case for additional evidence, and Murkowski said: "There was certainly a lot of repetition," before she ducked into the Senate recording studio. Why Murkowski matters: She's one of three GOP senators — alongside Susan Collins and Mitt Romney — who have signaled they will likely vote to consider witnesses and evidence. If all 47 senators who caucus with the Democrats vote to have witnesses and evidence, they still need four Republicans to join them. Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said the case House managers are laying out bolsters the need to hear from witnesses at trail. "I don't see how any senator, Democrat or Republican, could sit on the floor, listen to Adam Schiff and the House impeachment managers and not demand witnesses and documents," Schumer said. "Unless, that is, they're not interested in the truth, that they're afraid of the truth, that they know the President is hiding the truth." Schumer introduced a series of amendments when the Senate debated the rules of the trial, requesting subpoenas for witnesses and documents. All of his amendments were tabled — or effectively killed — and Republicans have said they will consider adding witnesses after the opening arguments. Watch here: Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer praised Rep. Adam Schiff and the other impeachment managers on their opening arguments yesterday when they laid out the case against the President. Here's how Schumer described it: "It may have been first time that many of my Republican colleagues heard the full story, the complete narrative from start to finish, uninterrupted, and not filtered through the kaleidoscope lens of Fox News, where at best things are left out and at worst things are terribly distorted. It may have planted the first seeds in their mind that, yes, perhaps the President did something very wrong here." The managers — the seven Democrats prosecuting the case against Trump — have 24 hours over the course of three days to lay out their case. Today will mark their second day. "It has been only one day, but House managers are setting the bar very high for the President's counsel to meet," Schumer added. "At this point I'm not sure how the president's counsel as unprepared, confused and tending towards conspiracy theories as they have been can clear it." Watch here: Sen. Tom Carper, a Democrat from Delaware, said it’s his 73rd birthday today, and to celebrate before a long day of the impeachment trial, he began the day with a five-mile run to the Lincoln Memorial to get some inspiration. “The key to our democracy is a system of checks and balances. We’re basically having a great trial, a great test for our democracy,” he said. When asked about some senators not being in their seats, Carper said, “for the most part people are behaving well.” The TV footage you've been seeing of the impeachment trial is coming from cameras controlled by the Senate itself. Those cameras have been focused on the front of the Senate, where House Democrats have been making their case against President Trump. The cameras haven't shown a lot of the Senate floor. But sketch artist Bill Hennessy has been in the room, drawing the scenes you can't see on TV. Hennessy said the mood over all is "pretty serious" and "fairly tense" — but senators have gotten restless as the trial has progressed. "Initially they were in their seats," he told CNN. "Pretty much every single one in their appropriate location, but as the presentation has taken place, and it has gone hours and hours, they started milling about a little more." After a few hours of trial yesterday, "there were a lot of empty seats and some were standing, just standing behind their seats or wandering about, and then it seemed a lot of them kind of wandered out," he said. Watch here:   President Trump’s impeachment trial continues in Washington today, but The Brief’s Bianca Nobilo has been keeping track of the day’s headlines outside Capitol Hill. Here’s what you need to know: Wuhan coronavirus: Four people in Scotland are being tested for suspected coronavirus, according to PA media. The infection first emerged in China, in the city of Wuhan. Beijing has enforced a partial lockdown in the city of 11 million and has cancelled all large-scale Lunar New Year celebrations to try and stem the infection’s spread. More than 600 people have been infected around the world. Auschwitz liberation anniversary: This week marks the 75th anniversary of the concentration camp’s liberation. Dignitaries from around the world, including US Vice President Mike Pence, Britain’s Prince Charles and Russian leader Vladimir Putin, are in Jerusalem to mark the occasion by attending the World Holocaust Forum. Australia fires: Three Americans have died after a water-bombing air tanker crashed in New South Wales. The casualties were part of a crew helping tackle the Australia fires. They were on a firebombing mission when the accident occurred. Fires continue to rage in several Australian states. Myanmar at the UN: The United Nations’ top court has ordered Myanmar to prevent acts of genocide against the state’s persecuted Rohingyas. The central genocide case has not yet been heard and the emergency measures act like an injunction while it gets underway. Watch more: As House managers argue intensely about the need to hear from key witnesses at the Senate trial, a source familiar with the process tells CNN that the President’s allies are already working hard behind the scenes to lobby wavering GOP senators to oppose any witnesses. This effort includes calls from members of the President’s team and allies on Capitol Hill. They're also identifying people that the senators trust and respect from a wide variety of places, including back home, and getting them to call. The specific arguments against witnesses vary depending on who the senator is and what their concerns are, CNN is told. Remember: 51 senators would need to vote to have witnesses at trial. If all 47 senators who caucus with the Democrats vote to have witnesses, they still need four Republicans to join them. GOP Sens. Susan Collins, Lisa Murkowski and Mitt Romney have signaled they will likely vote to consider witnesses and evidence. If all 47 senators who caucus with the Democrats vote to have witnesses and evidence, they still need four Republicans to join them. The three had nothing to say, substantively, about the first day of the House manager presentation. That’s unlikely to change any time soon, as all three plan to keep their observations quiet until after the presentations are complete.  The question remains: Who, if anyone, is the fourth?  The only TV coverage of the impeachment trial so far has been from cameras controlled by the Senate itself. That means the public hasn't actually seen many of the senators, the gallery overlooking the Senate or other parts of the chamber during the trial. But Sketch artist Bill Hennessy has been in the Senate chamber. He's capturing the moments the TV cameras haven't shown, like when a protester briefly interrupted the trial last night: Or the senators who have gotten up from their seats to stand in the rear of the chamber: Here's Sen. Marco Rubio during the trial on Tuesday: Today marks the third full day of the Senate impeachment trial of President Trump. House impeachment managers, the Democrats who are prosecuting the case against Trump, will continue to lay out their case. Here's what to watch today: 11:30 a.m. ET: Both parties will hold closed-door Senate lunches. 1 p.m. ET: The Senate trial resume for the second day of the House manager’s presentation. 2:45 p.m. ET: President Trump will depart the White House on his way to Florida for the Republican National Committee Winter Meeting. The President often stops and talks to reporters when he's leaving the White House, although we're not sure if that will happen today. Two sources in communication with Majority Leader Mitch McConnell say he wants this trial done in about 10 days. It's possible the trial could warp up that quickly — but there's a big caveat here: Both sides, which get 24 hours over the course of three days each, can yield time back, so that could change the time frame. And if there's a majority vote to subpoena witnesses or documents, that could change things as well. The Democrats had their first of three days of opening arguments yesterday. If all 24 hours allotted to each side for opening arguments are used, here's how the schedule could play out: Today: Democratic arguments Friday: Democratic arguments Saturday: Trump team arguments Monday: Trump team arguments Jan. 28: Trump team arguments Jan. 29: Senator questions Jan 30: Senator questions Jan 31: Four hours of debate on whether to subpoena witnesses and subpoenas, a vote on witnesses and documents and a vote on other motions; If all votes fail, the Senate could move to the acquittal vote Today will be the House impeachment managers' second of three days to present their case on the Senate floor. To those who have watched every twist and turn and development and “bombshell” and “dude” and whatever other description that may exist of the last four months of the impeachment investigation: this isn’t about you. It’s just not. These three days are designed to make a case, and create the environment to win votes in the days ahead. Today, that will mean a deep dive into the first article of impeachment: Abuse of Power.  Here's the bottom line: The House managers' presentation is about the small group of senators who may vote to hear from witnesses or subpoena documents. It’s about a public that may have tuned out. That’s what these three days, according to people involved with the House presentation strategy, are all about. And success will be measured by whether the presentation lands with those two groups, and probably nobody else.  The impeachment trial of President Trump enters its third day today, and opening remarks from the House impeachment managers will continue later today. Here are where things stand now: Supplemental testimony from Pence aide to be added to the articles: At the end of last night's proceedings, Chief Justice John Roberts said a “a single one paged classified document identified by the House managers for filing with the Secretary of the Senate” will be made available for senators to review in a classified setting. The document pertains to supplemental testimony from Jennifer Williams, a national security aide to Vice President Mike Pence who testified before the House impeachment inquiry in November. GOP senators resist calls for witnesses and documents: There were more signs yesterday that GOP senators were not budging on allowing subpoenas for witnesses and documents. After listening to House managers, Sen. David Perdue, a close ally of Trump, made clear he won't get behind witnesses sought by the House. He said there's a "bright line" between former President Bill Clinton's impeachment case and the Trump case since the three witnesses who were deposed in the 1999 Senate trial had previously spoken to investigators. Schiff reminds senators of their duty to act impartially: House impeachment manager Adam Schiff said in his opening statement he believes "an impartial juror" will vote to remove President Trump from office after hearing the case against him. Schiff reminded the Senate of their duty to act impartially. “The Constitution entrusts you to the responsibility of acting as impartial jurors," he said. Will Hunter Biden testify? Republican Sen. Ted Cruz, speaking to reporters, called on Hunter Biden to testify in the impeachment trial. Giuliani dubbed a "cold-blooded political operative" for Trump: House impeachment manager Rep. Hakeem Jeffries took shots at President Trump's personal lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, calling him a "cold-blooded political operative." About milk: Sen. Tom Cotton was spotted yesterday drinking two glasses of milk. Surprisingly, milk and water are the only beverages allowed on the Senate floor during the impeachment trial. So why milk, and not coffee? It was designed to help senators with ulcers. According to Alan Frumin, the former Senate Parliamentarian and CNN contributor, a precedent from Jan. 24, 1966, stated, “Senate rules do not prohibit a Senator from sipping milk during his speech.”