March 15, 2023 Global stocks and banking news

By Alicia Wallace, Nicole Goodkind and Krystal Hur, CNN

Updated 10:15 AM ET, Thu March 16, 2023
17 Posts
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11:32 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Bank failures conjure up the dreaded ‘b-word’: Bailout

From CNN's Nathaniel Meyersohn

A pedestrian carries an umbrella while walking past a Silicon Valley Bank Private branch in San Francisco,, on March 14.
A pedestrian carries an umbrella while walking past a Silicon Valley Bank Private branch in San Francisco,, on March 14. (Jeff Chiu/AP)

“Bailout” became a curse word in American politics following the 2008 global financial crisis, fueling backlash among people who felt the risks and potential consequences of capitalism didn’t apply to big corporations or the wealthy.

Now the recent failure of two major banks, Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank — and federal intervention to backstop the banks’ uninsured depositors — have pushed the B-word back to the center of the nation’s political and economic debates.

While the back-and-forth about whether this intervention was a bailout can be chalked up to semantics, it raises key questions about the structure of the financial system and who the government protects during moments of crisis — and who it leaves out.

Read more at CNN Business.

12:29 p.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Home builder confidence climbs for the third consecutive month

From CNN's Anna Bahney

Workers at a new home construction site in Trappe, Maryland, on October 28, 2022.
Workers at a new home construction site in Trappe, Maryland, on October 28, 2022. (Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images)

Home builder confidence climbed for the third consecutive month, even as mortgage rates climbed higher for buyers.

That's according to a March report from the National Association of Home Builders that looks at current sales, buyer traffic and the outlook for sales of new construction homes over the next six months.

It was the strongest showing for the index since September.

After pivoting positive in January for the first time in a year, home building looked set to continue improving as construction prospects improve and inflation cooled. This has been good news for home buyers who have been facing low inventory amid a decades-long national shortfall in building.

Recent instability concerns in the banking system however, are creating more volatility in interest rates and uncertainty for builders.

Mortgage rates had climbed more than half a percentage point over the past month. After recent bank failures, however, mortgage rates are dropping as investors flock to the relative safety of bonds.

"Builders are highly uncertain about the near- and medium-term outlook" despite expected improvement in mortgage rates and March's improvement in sentiment, said Alicia Huey, NAHB chairman.

The follow-on effects from the banking instability putting pressure on regional banks, as well as continued Fed tightening, will be further constraints for homebuilder's acquisition, development and construction (AD&C) loans, said Robert Dietz, NAHB's chief economist.

And that will ultimately be passed on to buyers.

"When AD&C loan conditions are tight, lot inventory constricts and adds an additional hurdle to housing affordability," he said. "The cost and availability of housing inventory remains a critical constraint for prospective home buyers."

11:06 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Bridgewater founder Ray Dalio warns SVB is a 'canary in the coal mine'

From CNN's Nicole Goodkind

A Brinks armored truck sits parked in front of the shuttered Silicon Valley Bank headquarters on March 10 in Santa Clara, California. 
A Brinks armored truck sits parked in front of the shuttered Silicon Valley Bank headquarters on March 10 in Santa Clara, California.  (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Bridgewater Associates founder Ray Dalio on Tuesday afternoon warned investors that there's more pain ahead for the global financial system.

Writing in his newsletter, Dalio said that the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank was a "canary in the coal mine" moment that will have knock-on effects "in the venture world and way beyond it."

By aggressively hiking interest rates, central banks have ushered in a new era for the global economy filled with fallout from contractions in the debt and credit industry, he added.

"I think that it is a very classic event in the very classic bubble-bursting part of the short-term debt cycle," wrote Dalio. "It is likely that this bank failure will be followed by many more problems before the contraction phase of the cycle runs its course," he said.

Dalio, who built one of the world's largest hedge funds and has a net worth of $16.2 billion, added that the 2024 election cycle and rising geopolitical tensions with Russia and China will create more economic risk in the coming years.

"In a nutshell, it looks to me like the next two years will be a very risky time," he said.

1:22 p.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Bitcoin takes another wild ride as 'a hedge against banks'

From CNN's Krystal Hur

(Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images)
(Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty Images)

After surging by over 20% in the past few days, bitcoin stumbled Wednesday, falling by 1.7% to $24,213 as investors digested conflicting signals from the market.

While bitcoin's trajectory is volatile to say the least, one reason for Bitcoin's recent rally could be traced to a March 13 tweet from Changpeng Zhao, CEO of crypto exchange Binance, Frank said. That tweet said the company would convert into crypto (such as bitcoin and ethereum) the remainder of a $1 billion fund it created to boost the industry's recovery.

Additionally, recent pressure in the banking sector has led some investors to search for alternative places to park their cash.

"Crypto is a very narrative-driven asset class, and it's always in search of its next narrative, and when that narrative catches on...." said Frank. "In this case, I think this bitcoin as a hedge against banks has started to catch on a little bit."

"When an asset surges 20% it's going to be volatile," he added.

9:45 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Dow falls by more than 600 points as banking fears spread

From CNN's Krystal Hur

The U.S. flag flutters outside the New York Stock Exchange on March 13.
The U.S. flag flutters outside the New York Stock Exchange on March 13. (Brendan McDermid/Reuters)

The Dow opened the day with a decline of more than 600 points Wednesday as banking fears spread across global markets.

The S&P and Nasdaq slipped roughly 2% and 1.5%, respectively.

Shares of embattled Swiss lender Credit Suisse were down by more than 20% after its biggest shareholder chose not to increase funding. That comes after the bank cited "material weakness" in its financial reporting Tuesday and got rid of executive bonuses. 

Shares of US banks also fell: Wells Fargo was down 4.9% and JPMorgan Chase stock dropped 3.6%.

Wall Street continues to grapple with banking tumult domestically, after the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank rocked markets last week and early this week. While stocks recouped some of their losses on Tuesday, investors remain wary of the banking fallout and what it means for the Federal Reserve's interest rate-hiking campaign going forward and the overall stability of the financial sector.

CNN's Fear & Greed Index was at 22 Wednesday morning, indicating extreme fear in the market. 

Markets also digested the latest economic data giving insight into the state of inflation. The Producer Price Index, a metric measuring prices paid for goods and services by businesses before they're sold to customers, fell to 4.6% for the 12 months ended in February. 

At the same time, US retail sales fell 0.4% last month, showing that Americans cut back on spending in February after splurging the month before.

Both data points suggest that the Fed is making headway in its fight against inflation. The CME FedWatch Tool showed that traders see a 58.3% probability of a quarter-point rate hike at the central bank's meeting next week.

9:24 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Are the problems facing Credit Suisse and SVB related?

From CNN's Allison Morrow

Just as the panic over the US banking system appeared to fade, a fresh burst of anxiety blew in from Europe.

Credit Suisse shares crashed more than 20% in Zurich, dragging down European bank stocks along with it. US stock futures fell Wednesday morning after rallying strongly on Tuesday.

What's the connection between Credit Suisse and SVB? They're facing unrelated problems that happened to take place at the same time, worrying investors about the banking sector.

"Credit Suisse has been a slowing-moving car crash for years," wrote Peter Boockvar, chief investment officer of Bleakley Financial Group. "But now today's news of course is happening in the vortex of SVB."

The "global bank psychology" is already fragile, Boockvar said. Investors around the world were thoroughly rattled by the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature, making the banking sector particularly vulnerable to any signs of trouble.

Did the SVB mess cause Credit Suisse shares to tank? No. But are European and US banks facing a similar macro environment of suddenly-higher interest rates following a decade or more of low (or even negative) rates? Yes.

8:48 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Americans pulled back on their spending in February

From CNN's Alicia Wallace

People dine in a restaurant in Alexandria, VA, on February 17.
People dine in a restaurant in Alexandria, VA, on February 17. (Scott Suchman/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

Americans pulled back on their spending last month after a surprisingly spendy January. 

US retail sales fell 0.4% in February from the month before, which was revised up to 3.3%, the Department of Commerce reported on Wednesday. 

That decline, which was adjusted for seasonal swings, was greater than economists' expectations of a 0.3% decline, according to Refinitiv estimates.

Retail sales data is not adjusted for inflation. 

10:23 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Key inflation measure shows wholesale prices fell last month

From CNN's Lucy Bayly

A key measure of inflation fell dramatically in February, according to the latest Producer Price Index, which tracks what America's producers get paid for their goods and services.

Producer price increases slowed to an annual pace of 4.6% last month, significantly down from a revised 5.7% in January, the Labor Department reported Wednesday. February prices fell by 0.1% after rising 0.7% in January.

Economists surveyed by Refinitiv had been expecting the 12-month rise in wholesale prices to slow to a 5.4% increase.

8:29 a.m. ET, March 15, 2023

Shares of European banks halted

From CNN's David Goldman

A Credit Suisse branch in Basel, Switzerland, on October 25, 2022.
A Credit Suisse branch in Basel, Switzerland, on October 25, 2022. (Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images)

Shares of several top European banks have been halted Wednesday as the fallout from Credit Suisse's crisis of confidence spilled out throughout the sector.

French and German banks such as BNP Paribas, Societe Generale, Commerzbank and Deutsche Bank were falling.

Several bank stocks were halted, triggering automatic circuit breakers designed to give investors a breather and prevent stocks from rapidly collapsing.

Among them:

-- Credit Suisse, which fell more than 20%

-- Monte dei Paschi, -6%

-- UniCredit, -7%