What's moving markets today: September 11, 2019

1:38 p.m. ET, September 11, 2019

A quarter-point Fed cut will instill confidence and calm markets

A quarter percentage interest rate cut might not do much to boost the economy right away, but it will help to instill confidence in the US economy, said Stifel's chief economist Lindsey Piezga during CNN's digital live show Markets Now.

"I think it will calm down the market," Piezga said on the show.

But it remains important to watch the central bank's tone regarding future moves. "Are they going to emphasize the positives in the economy... or do they point out the rising risks?"

1:40 p.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Trump won't be happy unless the Fed cuts at least a half point, trader says

Investors are gearing up for interest rate cuts in the coming weeks, with the European Central Bank's monetary policy update due tomorrow and the Federal Reserve meeting next week.

"Our Fed will be a little more interesting to watch," out of the two, Matt Cheslock, equity trader at Virtu Financial, told CNN's Alison Kosik during the digital live show Markets Now.

President Donald Trump is keeping the pressure on the central bank, tweeting earlier today that interest rates should be cut to "zero, or lower."

"Everything that comes out from the president has moved the markets. Certainly, that's not a good sign when the president is calling the barometer of our economy boneheads," Cheslock said, referencing the earlier tweet.

Trump won't be happy unless we get at least half a percentage point cut, and the market might not be either, Cheslock said.

1:43 p.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Oil price drops 2.5% on report that Trump weighed easing Iran sanctions

US oil prices dropped as much as 2.5% to $55.99 a barrel on Wednesday, following a Bloomberg report saying President Donald Trump weighed easing sanctions on Iran in order to secure a meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.

Trump's considerations prompted push-back from former national security adviser John Bolton, who left the administration yesterday. The surprise exit of Bolton prompted speculation that the tensions between the United States and Iran could ease, and oil prices fell on the news.

If Iran sanctions were eased or lifted, oil supply in the global market would increase, thereby pushing down the price.

11:16 a.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Gender diversity on boards correlates with higher credit ratings, says Moody's

The representation of women on corporate boards is linked to companies' credit ratings, says ratings agency Moody's.

Companies rated triple-A — the best possible credit rating — by the agency have the most gender-diverse boards "with women accounting for an average of 28% of their corporate directors."

Companies with lesser ratings also had fewer women on their boards. Nevertheless, the pattern suggested a correlation in the data, but not causation, Moody's said.

"Higher-rated companies also tend to have more women occupying C-suite executive positions. Nearly 25% of executives at Aaa-rated companies are women, versus around 10% for Ca-rated companies.

Regulations that mandate a minimum gender split on boards could, meanwhile, make things worse for companies, as it would require many to turn over directors, which could lead to credit risk in the short-term.

That said, Moody's also assesses companies' governance, and one of the five equally weighted risk categories it considers for the score is board oversight and effectiveness. "A board with less than 30% gender diversity is one indicator among many that strays from Moody's global standards," the agency said.

9:32 a.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Stocks open higher, Dow adds to win streak

US stocks opened higher on Wednesday, as the Dow is aiming for its sixth day of gains in a row.

Shares of video game retailer Gamestop (GME) dropped more than 16% at the open, after the company reported worse-than-expected sales and said it would close 200 stores.

9:47 a.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Producer price index climbs 1.8%

The producer price index rose by 1.8% year-over-year in August, slightly more than economists surveyed by Refinitiv had forecast. But it remains below the Federal Reserve's 2% inflation target.

Prices rose 2.3% in August when stripping out food and energy prices.

The Fed "can start cutting interest rates down to zero as the president wants as there is no inflation," wrote Chris Rupkey, chief financial economist at MUFG.

So far, trade worries and tariffs have not yet pushed up the prices of goods made in American factories.

The consumer price index for August is due tomorrow morning at 8:30 a.m. ET.

9:12 a.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Mortgage rates hit 3-year low

Mortgages are cheaper than they have been in years.

In the Labor Day holiday week, the average 30-year fixed-rate mortgage in the United States dropped to its lowest level since the week of November 4, 2016, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association.

The average rate on loan balances below $484,350 was 3.84%, while the rate on larger loan balances was 3.84%.

Over the summer, mortgages got cheaper but home buying didn't quite seem to catch up, in part because home prices rose faster than wages.

In July, however, existing home sales climbed, as the cheap mortgages are finally showing an effect on the market.

8:20 a.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Trump calls for US interest rates to be "zero, or less"

The Federal Reserve should cut US interest rates to "zero, or less," said President Donald Trump in a tweet this morning. Lower rates would give the country the chance to refinance its debt pile at lower rates, Trump said.

(The United States does not refinance its debt this way. Lower rates would, however, make it cheaper for the United States to borrow in the future.)

What Trump is proposing would be extreme: The Fed didn't even take rates into negative territory in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis.

The United States has some $70 trillion of total public and private sector debt. And a debt pile like that comes with a hefty interest bill. According to research from the Institute of International Finance, a 1% rate cut by the Fed could reduce the US interest burden by $20 to $25 billion per year.

Trump has long called on the Fed and Chairman Jerome Powell to lower rates to boost the economy, citing low rates in other countries as proof that America is lagging behind. The European Central Bank, for example, has not yet raised rates since slashing them to ultra-low levels in the wake of the European sovereign debt crisis. The ECB is giving its policy update tomorrow.

But the US economy remains stronger than those of its peers. It does not need interest rates as low as Trump might like them. Even though the pace of growth in America is expected to taper some into the end of the year, it continues to outpace European countries.

7:26 a.m. ET, September 11, 2019

Hong Kong makes $37 billion bid for the London Stock Exchange

Hong Kong has just made a surprise £30 billion ($37 billion) bid for the London Stock Exchange.

Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing (HKXCFsaid Wednesday it had made a proposal to the board of the LSE (LNSTY) to "combine the two companies" in a cash and share deal worth £29.6 billion, or £31.6 billion ($39 billion) including debt.

The deal would "redefine global capital markets for decades to come," HKEX CEO Charles Li said in a statement.

Read more here.