What to watch on the final day at Davos

7:43 a.m. ET, January 25, 2019

Teen activist tells Davos elite they're to blame for the climate crisis

While some delegates at the World Economic Forum arrived in private jets, 16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg took a 32-hour train.

She's been camping out in Davos, giving up the option to stay at a hotel to sleep in a tent in 0 degrees Fahrenheit weather.

In the process, she's been giving Davos a run for its money.

On Thursday, Thunberg gave an impromptu speech at a lunch with a star-studded guest list that included Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff, former Goldman Sachs president and Trump administration official Gary Cohn, musicians Bono and Will.i.am, and an array of bankers and investors. 

"I told them that they belong to that group of people who are most responsible and that the future of humankind rests in their hands, and they didn't know how to react," Thunberg told CNN.

"It was pretty fun."

8:12 a.m. ET, January 25, 2019

Richard Quest: Why this Davos was good

I’ll be blunt: This year’s Davos was better because US President Donald Trump (and others) stayed away. 

2018 was a historic low for Davos. Trump was here, and some participants treated him the same way teenagers would a pop star. The president was the undisputed center of attention, and his presence caused the conference to grind to a halt. As one minister told me, the oxygen can be "sucked out" of Davos when the event is overshadowed by a prominent leader.

The news that Trump would not be coming this year was greeted with regret by the World Economic Forum (their star guest would not be here), and relief by those hoping to actually get something done. When British Prime Minister Theresa May, French President Emmanuel Macron and other leaders canceled their visits, many commentators couldn't help but proclaim the conference irrelevant.

Now I’ll let you in on a secret: Davos has been much better because they stayed away (IMHO). Top leaders still made important speeches (China's vice president, Wang Qishan, reassured the world about the Chinese economy and bashed the United States in the process). The panel discussions were interesting and lively.

Throughout the Congress Center I saw people engaged in discussions on the top challenges we face, including climate change. Attendees also grappled with the fourth industrial revolution, which will see the world reshaped by artificial intelligence, robotics and other technological breakthroughs.

For the past five years, Davos has pushed the fourth industrial revolution theme down our throats, to little gain. Now, the revolution is well underway and the effects are being felt in developed and emerging markets. Government ministers, finance bosses, NGOs, media – no one can ignore the change now underway, and here at Davos there was real engagement.

As I head down the mountain, I will reflect – Yes, it is good to see political leaders giving speeches and performing on panels. But it's even better to see decision makers and power brokers actually getting to grips with issues of vital importance.

Next year will be the 50th anniversary of the World Economic Forum and there's little doubt that founder Klaus Schwab will pull every string possible to get the biggest names here. I hope that in quiet reflection, organizers realize that this year was so good precisely because the circus stayed at home. 

8:12 a.m. ET, January 25, 2019

IEA chief: It's going to be a volatile year for oil

Last year was a wild one for oil prices. Fatih Birol, executive director of the International Energy Agency, thinks 2019 could be even worse.

“Last Davos, we sat here and [said] the name of the game is volatility," he said during a World Economic Forum panel moderated by CNN Business' John Defterios. "The volatility [in] the year in front of us may very [well] be much stronger than last year.”

Birol cited a laundry list of potential factors: the slowing global economy, the efficacy of an agreement between OPEC and Russia to reduce oil output and the growing flexibility of US shale production.

Then there's Venezuela. Read how its political crisis could hit oil prices here.

7:43 a.m. ET, January 25, 2019

5 top moments from Davos 2019

  1. China reassures: Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan downplayed fears about his country's economic slowdown, arguing that growth remains "significant." "There will be a lot of uncertainties in 2019," he said. "But something that is certain is that China's growth will continue and will be sustainable."
  2. Soros blasts Beijing: George Soros didn't mince words in a speech on Thursday, calling Chinese President Xi Jinping the "most dangerous enemy" of open societies. "Instead of waging a trade war with practically the whole world, the United States should focus on China," he said. He also called on the United States "to crack down" on Chinese tech companies Huawei and ZTE.
  3. No love for AOC's tax plan: A tax on the rich proposed by US lawmaker Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez was greeted with skepticism by some at Davos. Check out the awkward moment when Michael Dell was asked about it.
  4. Second vote on Brexit? That was the question posed to a large crowd in Davos on Thursday. Almost every hand shot up in support of a second referendum, apart from Bank of England Governor Mark Carney, who abstained.
  5. The king of conservation sits down with Prince WilliamDavid Attenborough was one of the stars of this year’s Davos. In an interview on Monday, the naturalist and the British prince discussed the effects humans have had on the natural world since Attenborough started his career six decades ago.

6:41 a.m. ET, January 25, 2019

What to expect at Davos on Friday

It's the final day of Davos 2019.

Panel highlights include "Global Economy in Transition: Shaping a New Architecture," which features IMF chief Christine Lagarde and Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda.

Our very own John Defterios will be joined by International Energy Agency boss Fatih Birol at a panel titled "The Great Energy Race."

Official events end in the early afternoon. The work of turning Davos back into a sleepy mountain town will commence soon after.

8:12 a.m. ET, January 25, 2019

George Soros in Davos: Chinese tech companies cannot be allowed to dominate

George Soros has labeled China's President Xi Jinping the "most dangerous enemy" of open societies and recommended a crackdown on Chinese tech companies.

The billionaire said Thursday in Davos that artificial intelligence and machine learning pose a grave threat when they are controlled by authoritarian states. He singled out the use of such technologies by the Chinese government as a "mortal danger."

In a provocative speech delivered to journalists and executives attending the World Economic Forum, Soros warned that the Chinese government was developing a "social credit" system that would monitor people living there.

Soros urged the United States to aggressively counter the threat.

"Instead of waging a trade war with practically the whole world, the United States should focus on China," said the former hedge fund manager.

Soros also said the United States should apply more pressure to Chinese tech companies Huawei and ZTE, which have been labeled national security threats by some US officials.

"Instead of letting ZTE and Huawei off lightly, [the United States] needs to crack down on them," Soros said. "If these companies came to dominate the 5G market, they would present an unacceptable security risk for the rest of the world."

Huawei and ZTE make telecommunications equipment and smartphones, and both have been caught up in the trade war between China and the United States. The companies have denied that their products pose a security threat.

Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman for China's Foreign Ministry, shot back at Soros on Friday, accusing him of twisting the facts.

"We hope to see a certain American individual correct his attitude, broaden his horizons and view China’s development in an objective, reasonable and correct manner," Hua told reporters in Beijing.

Soros warned last year in Davos about the danger posed by major tech companies including Google and Facebook, arguing they were monopolies intent on growing ever-more powerful.

1:19 p.m. ET, January 24, 2019

David Rubenstein on US government shutdown: 'They have to get it done'

It's the 34th day of the US government shutdown. Business leaders and economists at Davos are warning that Democrats and Republicans better work it out soon.

David Rubenstein, the billionaire co-founder of The Carlyle Group, said on a panel Thursday that he thinks a deal will happen soon because "both sides know they have to get it done.”

But there will be consequences if they don't.

"If it doesn’t get worked out soon, the impact on the US economy will be significant," Rubenstein said. "And I don’t think we know exactly how significant."

He added: “I don’t know of any other country in the world that operates this way.”