Our live coverage of the protests on Hong Kong Island has concluded, but you can read more about the ongoing crisis here.
Most protesters appear to be leaving and heading into the Sheung Wan subway station, in time to catch the last train home.
Over the past two chaotic months, protests have typically ended by 12:30 a.m., before the final trains leave -- young protesters don't want to get separated, or risk being stranded and picked up by police.
Some protesters have been ducking into the MTR station intermittently all night for cover from the tear gas before heading back out for another push.
But this time it seemed for real.
In the end, the police's tactics had paid off: protesters had been corralled into one area, surrounded on all sides, with only the subway station as an exit. Most protesters now appear to be on the MTR home.
It was a tense night in Hong Kong on Sunday as the city’s streets once again became a battle ground between police and protesters.
Tear gas is everywhere: Once a last resort, tonight tear gas is being deployed constantly — every time police lines push forward, or when protesters get too close, or sometimes seemingly for little reason.
The streets around the Sheung Wan district, where police and protesters are still facing off, are fogged by the toxic, burning gas. It's also seeping into people’s homes through windows and air conditioning units in this highly residential area.
Protesters push back: The hundreds of remaining protesters are still determined and seem buoyed by the police response. It’s been a back-and-forth tonight, with skirmishes breaking out every 20 minutes or so. Chants, the beating of sticks and shouts fill the air.
Civilians caught in the mix: Meanwhile, passersby are trying to get home, but find themselves blocked by the protesters and police. One man told CNN reporters on the ground that he was trying to get his family home, and asked for directions to a safe space.
No end in sight: The atmosphere is tense and there’s a sense that protesters are not following a plan — they will stay out and continue this fight, which they call their last chance.
Riot police aren't just firing tear gas in Sheung Wan as they try to disperse crowds -- they're also firing rubber bullets.
The bullets may be nonlethal, but their size and weight can make quite a painful hit. Images on social media from the past few protests have shown protesters and journalists sporting purple, palm-sized bruises on their chests and arms after being hit by these bullets.
The protests began about two months ago over a controversial bill that would allow extradition from Hong Kong to China. But the bill has been suspended and called "dead" by the government -- so why are people still protesting?
Their list of demands has grown as the violence has escalated. Here are some of them:
- The full withdrawal -- not just suspension -- of the bill
- The resignation of Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam
- A third-party independent investigation into perceived police brutality
- The government retraction of the term "riots," which were used to describe the protests
- The dismissal of all charges against arrested protesters
- Universal suffrage (Hong Kong does not have full democracy)
It's now the eighth weekend of protests in Hong Kong -- and it looks like it may be a long night as police and protesters push back and forth.
Here's what's happened since our last catch up:
- Sheung Wan in lockdown: Riot police have been firing tear gas for the past 3 hours to clear protesters, but a hardcore group of protesters remain on the streets. It's been a slow tit-for-tat, with protesters unwilling to give much ground as the police try to press them east.
- Protester tactics: The protesters are used to tear gas by now -- footage on social media shows them quickly putting out the gas bombs once they're fired, before the gas has a chance to spread.
Earlier today thousands gathered in Chater Garden, Central, for a police-approved protest. But around mid-afternoon some protesters defied a police ban on marching through the city, and fanned out to Causeway Bay and the West of the city, to protest outside the Liaison Office, Beijing's main base in Hong Kong.
Four people have been hospitalized due to today's protests, according to the Hong Kong Hospital Authority.
They are all stable and being treated at Queen Mary Hospital.
It's been a violent and chaotic weekend -- yesterday's protest in Yuen Long district also saw police and protesters clashing, leaving 23 people hospitalized. As of this morning, most had been discharged except for six.
The streets are littered with tear gas canisters and casings, with some bearing the label of a manufacturer from the United States.
One casing is labelled "NonLethal Technologies," a company based in Pennsylvania that creates crowd control products.
On June 25, the UK announced it would stop issuing licenses for crowd control equipment to Hong Kong until “concerns raised on human rights" had been addressed.
Earlier this week, Amnesty International published a statement calling on other countries to halt sending these types of products to Hong Kong. According to the Amnesty statement, Hong Kong law enforcement are using products from:
- The US: Pepper spray, batons, rubber bullets, and pump-action shotguns
- The UK: Rubber-spraying grenades
- France and Germany: Mercedes Benz chassis, customized into a water cannon riot control vehicle.
Protesters are increasingly being pushed toward the Central district as police press further east.
The past hour has seen a tit-for-tat struggle between the two sides -- but as police fire tear gas intermittently, the crowds have had to retreat. They had begun in Sai Ying Pun, by the Chinese government's Liaison Office. Now, they are beside the Wing On department store, increasingly headed for the very heart of the city.