[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Utah - 2nd District

Merrill Cook (R-Utah)

Born: May 6, 1946, Philadelphia.
Education: U. of Utah, B.A. 1969; Harvard U., M.B.A. 1971.
Occupation: Explosives company executive; radio talk show host; management consultant.
Family: Wife, Camille; five children.
Religion: Mormon.
Political Career: Candidate for Utah Board of Education, 1984; candidate for mayor of Salt Lake City, 1985; Republican nominee for Salt Lake County Commission, 1986; Independent candidate for governor, 1988, 1992; Independent candidate for U.S. House, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1431 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-3011.

By Congressional Quarterly

After seven tries and a hefty financial investment from his own pocket, Utah's best-known perennial candidate finally secured a win for elective office.

Cook's political metamorphosis included a handful of runs as an independent -- most recently in 1994 when he took 18 percent in the race for this seat. Yet in his return to the GOP fold in 1996, Cook, a millionaire explosives company executive, noted that he never strayed from his belief in the basic tenets of the Republican Party.

He advocates a 17 percent flat tax that maintains deductions for home mortgage interest and charitable contributions. He says he will push for significant reductions in capital gains taxes and changes in inheritance tax laws to allow small businesses to be passed on to family members without having to pay hefty taxes.

Espousing Republican goals of downsizing the federal bureaucracy and balancing the federal budget by 2002, Cook said he will work to dismantle the departments of Commerce, Education and Energy. He says, however, that the Energy Department's national laboratories should be preserved and believes that selected Commerce Department functions should be transferred to other agencies.

Cook was given a seat on the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, where he plans to work to improve Utah's highways and commuter rail systems. He also will have an opportunity to work on financial issues as a member of the Banking Committee.

Cook's electoral hopes were brought to life by Republican freshman Enid Greene, whose 1994 election he almost foiled. Greene narrowly unseated Democrat Karen Shepherd in 1994 despite Cook's independent bid for the seat.

Greene decided against seeking re-election to a second term in 1996 after a scandal involving her campaign and congressional finances. Cook was one of several Republicans who jumped into the race to succeed her.

In Utah, a Republican can avoid a primary if he or she secures support from 70 percent of the delegates at the state party's convention. If no Republican captures that level of support, the top two vote getters advance to a primary.

After diligently courting party delegates for several weeks, Cook surprised many observers by emerging from the party's convention in second place and securing a spot on the primary ballot. His GOP primary opponent, accountant R. Todd Neilson, had the backing of many leading party figures. But given his superior name recognition, Cook defied his detractors by prevailing over Neilson, a political newcomer.

Democrats delivered the GOP something of a break by nominating the more liberal candidate, lawyer Ross Anderson, of the two contenders in the Democratic primary.

In television ads and during forums, Cook highlighted Anderson's support for gay rights and opposition to the death penalty. In one TV spot, he claimed that Anderson had once referred to Utahans as murderers and racists for executing a black man. Cook also repeatedly pointed to Anderson's opposition to a bill discouraging same-sex marriages, which was approved by Congress and signed into law in 1996.

As in his past runs for office, Cook tapped into his own fortune and was able to far outspend Anderson.

Anderson replied with a charge that Cook had changed his views on tax cuts since his 1994 campaign, noting that Cook had said at that time that tax cuts may have to be put off until a balanced- budget amendment was passed and other measures were taken to reduce spending. Cook, however, said he was expressing skepticism at the time about the willingness of a Democratic-controlled Congress to cut taxes and balance the budget.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Utah - 3rd District

Chris Cannon (R-Utah)

Born: Oct. 20, 1950, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Education: Brigham Young U., B.S. 1974, J.D. 1980.
Occupation: Venture capital executive; steel company executive; cabinet department lawyer; lawyer.
Family: Wife, Claudia Ann; seven children.
Religion: Mormon.
Political Career: Utah Republican Party finance chairman, 1992- 94.
Capitol Office: 118 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-7751.

By Congressional Quarterly

Cannon succeeded in returning Utah's 3rd District to Republican hands after Democrat Bill Orton managed to keep it away from the GOP for three terms.

Prior to Orton's surprising victory in 1990, the 3rd's voters never gave a Democrat more than a third of their votes in its four- election existence. Yet, in his re-election bids in 1992 and 1994, voters sent Orton back by a comfortable margin of victory.

In exchange for their support, Cannon promised 3rd District voters he would follow a fiscally conservative line of support for tax cuts and spending cuts to help balance the budget.

In particular, he says he will back any broad-based income tax relief plan as long as it is supported by real spending cuts. During the campaign, he expressed support for Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole's proposal for a 15 percent tax cut. He says he also would like to see the $500 per-child tax credit enacted.

To reduce government spending, Cannon advocates cutting the departments of Commerce, Energy, Housing and Urban Development, and Education, though he says the federal government should still continue to administer student loans. He also says Congress should target "corporate welfare," the subsidies the federal government hands out to large companies.

The 3rd District contains vast stretches of federally owned land, particularly in its southern expanse where the Canyonlands National Park and other national parks, forests and recreation areas are located. Cannon will have an opportunity to work on issues related to the federal government's handling of the state's natural resources as a member of the Resources Committee.

A former attorney, Cannon also was given a seat on the Judiciary Committee. Cannon brings both business and government experience to Washington. Cannon was appointed by President Reagan as an associate solicitor in the Department of Interior and also served as an attorney in the Commerce Department during the 1980s.

He went on to success in business, buying and reopening the Geneva Steel Co. with his brother, Joe, and later starting his own venture capital company.

Cannon used some of his personal wealth to help fund his bid against Orton, spending $1.6 million out of his own pocket on his effort.

But Cannon had more than just a fundraising edge, running an aggressive campaign that managed to keep Orton on the defensive. He even poked holes in Orton's image as an independent-minded, moderate-to-conservative Democrat. Cannon claimed that Orton had moved away from the middle in recent years and closer to the left.

Orton tried to fight back. He blasted Cannon for distorting his voting record. At the same time, Orton claimed his opponent would be a blind follower of the GOP leadership, contrasting that with his own image as a maverick willing to buck his party leadership for the sake of the district. Orton also touted his work as part of a coalition of conservative Democrats known as the "Blue Dogs," who put together a compromise budget during the 104th Congress.

But Cannon was ultimately able to paint Orton as ineffective. In the final weeks of the campaign, Cannon highlighted Orton's inability to dissuade the Clinton administration from designating 1.7 million acres of southern Utah land, much of it coal-rich, as a national monument. That bold stroke was widely vilified in Utah.

Orton opposed the designation (which Clinton announced in neighboring Arizona on a visit to the Grand Canyon) and publicly criticized the administration. But while Clinton had little to lose in Utah (one of his worst states in both 1992 and 1996), Orton stood to lose a great deal.

As the only Democrat in the state's congressional delegation, Orton was the only meaningful target for Utah voters eager to vent their resentment at the Democrats in general.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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