[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Texas - 12th District

Kay Granger (R-Texas)

Born: Jan. 18, 1943, Greenville, Texas.
Education: Texas Wesleyan U., B.S. 1965.
Occupation: Insurance agent.
Family: Single; three children.
Religion: Methodist.
Political Career: Fort Worth City Council, 1989-91; mayor of Fort Worth, 1991-95.
Capitol Office: 515 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-5071.

By Congressional Quarterly

When conservative Demo- crat Pete Geren decided against seeking re-election in 1996, then-Forth Worth Mayor Granger's name was among the first to be mentioned as a potential successor. A popular mayor -- a nonpartisan post in Fort Worth -- Granger was wooed by both parties when she expressed interest in running for Geren's seat, once held by former House Speaker Jim Wright, D-Texas, who resigned in 1989 under a cloud of ethical allegations.

The GOP succeeded in attracting Granger to their side, and in so doing they picked up a district that had not been represented by a Republican in a century.

Granger says she wants to put her experience in balancing Fort Worth's budget to use in Congress by stressing fiscal integrity at the federal level. She backs a constitutional amendment to balance the budget. She also favors the streamlining of federal agencies

An insurance agency owner, Granger supports tax cuts that would benefit families and small businesses, those with 100-150 employees or fewer. In particular, she says she favors providing tax credits that would aid families that are paying to send a child to college.

Granger says she also will attempt to change the manner in which the formula for federal transportation funding is calculated. She says she would like to see Texas get a higher proportion of funding when an omnibus highway bill is re-authorized in 1997.

As with the budget, Granger also says she will encourage the use of some of the measures she enacted in Fort Worth to lower the city's crime rate, such as citizen patrols and nationwide "zero- tolerance" initiatives aimed at cleaning up high-crime areas. However, she opposes mandating that such programs be used because she says local and state authorities should maintain control of issues that most directly affect them. Having dealt with the effects of federal regulations at the local level, Granger said increasing local control is "a big issue with me."

Landing a spot on the Budget Committee, Granger will be in a good position to work on some of her fiscal priorites. She also was given a seat on the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, a position that will allow her to keep an eye on one of the district's major employers, the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.

The race to succeed Geren came down to a battle of two former Fort Worth mayors (Granger stepped down from the post when she decided to run for Congress).

But before she could face off against Democrat Hugh Parmer, a former state legislator who was ousted as the city's mayor after only one term in the late 1970s, Granger had to overcome a nasty intraparty fight.

Granger, an abortion rights supporter, was attacked by her two primary opponents as a liberal and was opposed by the Tarrant County Republican chairman. Nevertheless, Granger was able to parlay her popularity as mayor -- she presided over a drop in the crime rate while maintaining fiscal austerity -- into a strong primary victory.

After deflecting charges of being too liberal in the primary, Granger was faced with attacks from Parmer in the general election campaign for being too conservative.

Parmer claimed Granger was more concerned with protecting the interests of big corporations, bankers and insurance companies than those of working families. He also attempted to tie her to House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., a tactic used by many Democrats in the 1996 campaign, saying her first vote in Congress would be to re-elect Gingrich as Speaker.

But Granger once again focused on her record as mayor. She also ran a much more focused campaign, talking about crime prevention programs such as citizen patrols but emphasizing that the federal government should never mandate local crime control methods.

She also outperformed her opponent financially, raising twice as much money for her campaign as Parmer did for his.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Texas - 14th District

Ron Paul (R-Texas)

Born: Aug. 20, 1935, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Education: Gettysburg College, B.S. 1957; Duke U., M.D. 1961.
Military Service: Air Force, 1963-65; Air National Guard, 1965- 68.
Occupation: Physician.
Family: Wife, Carol; five children.
Religion: Protestant.
Political Career: U.S. House, 1976-77, 1979-85; sought Republican nomination for U.S. Senate, 1984; Libertarian candidate for U.S. President, 1988.
Capitol Office: 203 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-2831.

By Congressional Quarterly

Paul is making a return trip to Congress after giving up a seat representing some parts of the areas now in the 14th District for an unsuccessful bid for the 1984 Republican Senate nomination. In between his bids for Congress, Paul made a quixotic bid for president in 1988 as the Libertarian Party's nominee.

Even in his return to the Republican fold, Paul still espouses many of the themes advocated by Libertarians. Whether Paul will find any ideological soulmates in the 105th Congress remains to be seen. Yet, he will certainly find the Republican-controlled House more in sync with his views than the Democratic-controlled Congress was during his last stint in the House.

Paul has long believed that the federal government should have as limited a role in the lives of Americans as possible.

"The [federal] government perpetually takes our money, lies to us and makes our lives worse," Paul says. He backs legislation requiring members of Congress to document the constitutional authority for what they are proposing in bills they introduce.

With increasing fervor for tax reform, Paul liked to tell his supporters on the campaign trail that his call for the abolishment of the Internal Revenue Service has now come into vogue. He backs a reduction in federal taxes and says he will not support any increase in taxes.

Paul would like to see continued cuts in federal spending and says Congress should take aim at foreign aid. He calls it "incredible" that the United States continues to provide "foreign aid giveaways" while it struggles to balance the budget. He also opposes putting U.S. troops on overseas missions under U.N. or foreign commanders.

Paul, an obstetrician and gynecologist, strays from the Libertarian Party's line on abortion, which he opposes.

Paul once again will serve on the Banking and Financial Services Committee, a panel he sat on in his last term in Congress.

He also will sit on the Economic and Educational Opportunities Committee. Paul says he believes the federal government should eliminate its role in education, an issue he believes should be left to states and localities. However, he denied that he supported the abolition of public schools, as his Democratic opponent, lawyer Charles "Lefty" Morris, claimed.

Indeed, Paul's eclectic views on many issues provided Morris with much ammunition. In particular, Morris' most potent issue was his charge that Paul supports the legalization of drugs. To bolster his point, Morris produced numerous articles penned by Paul in which he calls for the abolition of federal drug laws. Morris even used in a TV ad a video clip of Paul making such a point.

Paul says the federal government's war on drugs has been "an absolute failure." But while he backs the elimination of federal drug laws, he says he opposes the use of drugs and says the issue should be handled by the states.

Paul fought back against Morris, labeling him a typical big- government liberal who backs an increase in taxes on Social Security benefits. He also said that Morris, a trial lawyer, had "made millions on frivolous lawsuits."

Paul's bid to return to Congress began with his upset in the Republican primary runoff of GOP Rep. Greg Laughlin, a former Democrat who had switched parties in June 1995. Laughlin, who had been lured across the aisle by promises of better committee assignments and election aid, had the backing of most of the state and national Republican Party establishment in the primary match.

But Paul, whose years as an outspoken conservative had given him a nationwide network of support to tap, declared himself the true Republican in the race. He continued to press the point with his anti-tax and anti-government message, painting Laughlin as a latecomer to the conservative cause.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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