[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Texas - 2nd District

Jim Turner (D-Texas)

Born: Feb. 6, 1946, Fort Lewis, Wash.
Education: U. of Texas, B.B.A. 1968, M.B.A. 1971, J.D. 1971.
Military Service: Army, 1978.
Occupation: Lawyer.
Family: Wife, Ginny; two children.
Religion: Baptist.
Political Career: Texas House, 1981-84; Mayor of Crockett, 1989- 91; Texas Senate, 1991-97.
Capitol Office: 1508 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-2401.

By Congressional Quarterly

Turner presents a strong contrast to the man he is succeeding in Congress, Democrat Charles Wilson. As a Sunday school teacher and deacon in his church, Turner offers a much more conservative image than Wilson, the fun-loving, high-living Democrat known as "Good Time Charlie."

As a self-described fiscal conservative, Turner says he will try to work within the committee structure to discourage excessive spending. Turner backs a balanced-budget amendment. He also plans to seek the same type of bipartisan cooperation that he says generally characterized the budget process while he served in the Texas Legislature.

In addition to backing a balanced-budget amendment, Turner favors other reform-minded measures such as limiting House and Senate terms to 12 years of service.

Turner earned praise in the state Legislature for his work in finding ways to crack down on crime. He touted his role in helping to pass legislation expanding the death penalty and for other initiatives, including requiring mandatory minimum sentences for juveniles who commit violent crimes.

In Congress, Turner wants to work to strengthen law enforcement and continue support for initiatives that increase police presence in communities, such as 1994 legislation to put 100,000 more police on the nation's streets. He has expressed support for a national registry to track sexual offenders who prey on children and has called for using the death penalty on repeat sexual offenders. Turner also backs truth in sentencing laws and increased funding to create more prison space.

Concerned by the relatively low rate of college attendance by the youth in his district, Turner says he believes there is a role for federal funding in secondary and higher education. He favors a $10,000 tax deduction for college tuition and promises to oppose the Republican Party's efforts to reduce the growth in funding for student loans.

He was given a spot on the National Security Committee, a post that will provide him with an opportunity to keep an eye on the defense-related industry in the district.

Turner got a head start on his bid for the 2nd District, securing the Democratic nomination with little trouble. Republicans, however, battled through a primary runoff, which turned bitter near the end. Emerging from the rubble was dentist Brian Babin, who was powered to victory in the runoff by the backing of Christian conservatives.

Babin hoped to break the Democrats' hold on the district and become the first Republican in more than a century to represent the areas that make up the 2nd. The district, however, has been slower to embrace the Republican Party than other parts of Texas, voting Democratic in recent presidential elections.

Babin hoped to appeal to the generally conservative and blue- collar voters of the district by attempting to portray Turner as an "elitist liberal." He pointed to Turner's record in the state House and Senate, noting in particular what he contended was the Democrat's efforts to water down legislation to allow Texans to carry concealed weapons and his vote for a corporate income tax on small businesses.

But Turner was aggressive in his attempts to tie Babin to Republican proposals to reduce the growth in spending on Medicare, student loans and other programs. He repeatedly claimed that by supporting Republicans' budget proposals in the 104th Congress, Babin was in favor of "cutting" such programs. Babin denied the accusations and complained that Turner was misrepresenting his views.

Both candidates ran ads in the East Texas district. However, Turner was assisted by AFL-CIO ads in the 9th District, which also reached 2nd District voters. The ads attacked freshman GOP Rep. Steve Stockman's record on many of the same issues Turner used against Babin.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Texas - 5th District

Pete Sessions (R-Texas)

Born: March 22, 1955, Waco, Texas.
Education: Southwestern U., B.S1978.
Occupation: Public policy analyst; phone company executive.
Family: Wife, Nita; two children.
Religion: United Methodist.
Political Career: Sought Republican nomination for U.S. House, 1991; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1318 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-2231.

By Congressional Quarterly

After three tries, Sessions finally won a seat in Congress. In his first bid for a House seat, Sessions came in sixth place in a special election contest to succeed Rep. Steve Bartlett in 1991.

On his second try, in 1994, Sessions came close to winning the Dallas-based 5th District: He held Democratic Rep. John Bryant to 50 percent. Sessions finally succeeded on his third try, after Bryant opted to give up his seat for an unsuccessful bid for his party's Senate nomination.

A supporter of the House GOP'S1994 campaign manifesto, the "Contract With America," Sessions takes a conservative view on most issues. He says he believes government has created more problems than solutions.

Sessions' top priority is balancing the budget. To show his commitment to this goal, Sessions signed a pledge during the campaign promising to donate his paycheck to the budget trust fund in any year Congress fails to approve a budget with the goal of achieving balance by 2002. He also planned to introduce legislation requiring the same promise of his colleagues. He says the pledge will "come into play with every vote I make."

Son of former FBI Director William S. Sessions, the Republican says there is still plenty of waste, fraud and abuse in the federal government that could be tackled when Congress takes another crack at balancing the budget. One of the first places Congress might look to clean out some of this waste is the Department of Health and Human Services, he says.

He also favors cutting one or more Cabinet departments. Topping the list should be the Commerce Department, he says. He also says he would look at eliminating the Department of Education.

Sessions takes a strict line on tax issues as well, vowing to oppose any tax increase. He says the best way to stimulate growth in the economy is to cut taxes. He favors a cut in the capital gains tax, a $500-per-child tax credit and an increase in the estate tax exemption to $1.2 million.

Sessions also has expressed support for privatizing Social Security and allowing taxpayers to invest future contributions into their own retirement plans.

The Texan had hoped to land a spot on the Commerce Committee; but while two freshman class members were among the four new Republicans added to that committee in the 105th, Sessions was not one of them. He did get his second choice, the Banking and Financial Services Committee, which he said had interested him because Dallas is home to many private financial institutions and a Federal Reserve Bank.

With Bryant's retirement from the House and the district's increasingly Republican tilt in the 1990s, Sessions had the edge for this seat. He campaigned as the man who could best represent the conservative views of the district.

He also mounted an assault on his opponent, Democratic lawyer John Pouland, whom he characterized as supporting the failed Democratic policies of new programs, higher spending and higher taxes. Sessions also claimed Pouland favored closing all U.S. military bases in Europe and Japan, a plan Sessions said would threaten U.S. troops on missions in countries such as Bosnia- Herzegovina. Pouland, however, said Sessions had misrepresented his view on that issue.

Pouland, meanwhile, attempted to tar his opponent by linking him to House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga. But Sessions did not back away from his support for the speaker and welcomed Gingrich's help.

Sessions ran as an abortion opponent, but Pouland claimed the Republican had flip-flopped on the issue since his 1991 campaign -- a charge Sessions denied. Pouland produced a letter from Sessions' 1991 campaign in which he was identified as "pro-choice." Pouland claimed Sessions' changed stance on the issue was indicative of Sessions' willingness to do whatever it took to get elected.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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