[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Oregon - 5th District

Darlene Hooley (D-Ore.)

Born: April 4, 1939, Williston, N.D.
Education: Pasadena Nazarene College, 1957-59; Oregon State U., B.S. 1961.
Occupation: Teacher.
Family: Husband, John Hooley; two children.
Religion: Lutheran.
Political Career: West Linn City Council, 1977-81; Ore. House, 1981-87; Clackamas County Commission, 1987-97.
Capitol Office: 1419 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-5711.

By Congressional Quarterly

Hooley becomes the third person and the second Democrat in six years to represent this quintessential swing district that stretches to the south and West of Portland.

But supporters contend that Hooley's strong diplomatic skills and a non-confrontational leadership style may be just the right fit for the politically marginal area.

A former schoolteacher, Hooley entered politics in 1977 as a member of the West Linn City Council.

Four years later, she was elected to the Oregon Legislature and served in that chamber for six years. There she earned a reputation for being a serious and conciliatory lawmaker more interested in formulating policy than engaging in political and ideological confrontations.

Hooley was instrumental in establishing Oregon's recycling laws and played a key role in reforming the state's welfare system. Hooley also was involved in implementing a pay equity system.

In 1987, Hooley was appointed to the Clackamas County Commission, a position to which she was re-elected twice. As chairwoman of that body, Hooley oversaw the establishment of a pilot project that sought to counsel welfare recipients and reduce the number of people on public assistance.

As a member of Congress, Hooley has pledged to protect funding for early childhood education programs, such as Head Start, while also promoting policies to increase access to college.

Hooley has said she will work to preserve Social Security and Medicare for senior citizens, and protect abortion rights for women.

Hooley supports balancing the budget, but says she would oppose efforts to cut taxes before doing so.

She has, however, indicated that she would be in favor of tax policies aimed at economic development and creating new jobs.

On environmental issues, Hooley says she will adamantly oppose any efforts to weaken clean air and clean water regulation. But cognizant of the district's heavy reliance on timber, agriculture and fishing, Hooley contends that the federal government should set standards but not dictate to local governments and industry how to meet such standards.

Although her first choice of committee assignments was Appropriations, Hooley landed a slot on Banking, where her experience at the local level should come in handy.

In the primary campaign, Hooley easily outpaced two lesser-known Democrats to claim the party's nomination and the right to take on conservative Republican freshman Rep. Jim Bunn.

Hooley quickly won the aid of national Democrats who targeted Bunn as vulnerable for his modest winning percentage in 1994 and for his strong support of much of the conservative House agenda.

Bunn also became one of the more than 60 lawmakers who drew the wrath of the AFL-CIO for his votes to reduce funding for worker safety programs and the National Labor Relations Board.

Hooley displayed a knack for attracting attention and raising money. For example, she received early backing from EMILY's List, an influential political group of pro-choice Democratic women, among other groups.

With her campaign well-tuned and well-financed, Hooley used her time and money to promote proposals such as tuition deductions for college students and their families and improved vocational programs for those needing professional retraining.

Another proposal that Hooley discussed was investing more money in programs aimed at preventing juvenile crime and rehabilitating minors already in the judicial system.

Meanwhile, Bunn found himself flooded by a barrage of negative ads that portrayed him as too conservative for the district and frequently sought to tie him to House Speaker Newt Gingrich.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Pennsylvania - 5th District

John Peterson (R-Pa.)

Born: Dec. 25, 1938, Titusville, Pa.
Education: Titusville High School, graduated 1956.
Military Service: Army Reserves, 1958-64.
Occupation: Supermarket owner.
Family: Wife, Saundra; one child.
Religion: Methodist.
Political Career: Pleasantville Borough City Council, 1969-77; Pa. House, 1977-85; Pa. Senate, 1985-97.
Capitol Office: 1020 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-5121.

By Congressional Quarterly

Unlike many of the new breed of Republican House members, Peterson comes to Capitol Hill with a wealth of legislative experience. Before winning the seat vacated by retiring Republican Rep. William F. Clinger in 1996, he served for nearly two decades in the Pennsylvania legislature.

Peterson is unlikely to match the high profile of Clinger, who in the 104th Congress chaired the Government Reform and Oversight Committee.

But in Harrisburg, Peterson showed himself to be a team player who could scale the political ladder. In his final years in the state Senate, Peterson chaired the Public Health and Welfare Committee as well as the Republican Policy Committee. He has drawn seats on the House Economic and Educational Opportunities and House Resources committees in the 105th Congress.

Peterson won handily in 1996 in a decidedly Republican district that Clinger had carried nine straight times.

But Peterson's victory did not come easily. In the spring, he had to survive a crowded primary field that included the son of GOP Rep. Bud Shuster, the powerful chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, who represents a neighboring Pennsylvania district. In the fall, Peterson had to weather charges of sexual harassment that emerged less than a month before the election.

In each case, Peterson showed a willingness to play political hardball. He fired an early shot across young Shuster's bow in the primary, challenging the validity of some of the names on his nominating petitions (albeit unsuccessfully).

And in mid-October, when the Harrisburg Patriot News ran a story reporting complaints by several women of unwelcome sexual advances by Peterson, he responded on several fronts. He denied the allegations, attributing them to negative campaigning by his Democratic opponent, state Rep. Ruth C. Rudy. Meanwhile, Peterson's wife wrote an open letter to district voters hailing her husband as "the most honest, decent and caring person I have ever known."

The counterattack proved effective. Peterson won by a margin of 3-to-2, and ran virtually even with Rudy in her populous home base of Centre County (State College), in the southeast corner of the district.

Rudy came to the race politically well-connected, a member of the Democratic National Committee for 16 years and a past president of the National Federation of Democratic Women. In the race with Peterson, she introduced herself to voters in outlying counties through a series of "work days."

But in both the primary and general election, Peterson enjoyed a major asset: geography. His state Senate district covered roughly the western half of the sprawling congressional district, which itself is one of the largest east of the Mississippi. And over the years, Peterson had cultivated his legislative constituency.

For more than a quarter-century, he ran a grocery store in his hometown of Pleasantville, which gave him time to dabble extensively in politics. He served as a district assistant to former GOP Rep. Albert Johnson before launching his own political career, which has included six years as head of the Pleasantville Borough Council, nearly eight years in the Pennsylvania House and a dozen years in the state Senate.

Peterson should find himself in the mainstream of Republicans on Capitol Hill. He is a social conservative (a foe of abortion, except in cases of rape and incest, and gun control). He favors a "flatter tax" on incomes, a balanced-budget amendment and 12-year federal term limits.

With his background as a grocer, Peterson has claimed a personal understanding of the concerns of small-business owners, particularly in dealing with government paperwork. He has described himself as "a good bureaucracy fighter. I don't get angry," he has said, "but I'm persistent."

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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