[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
New York - 4th District

Carolyn McCarthy (D-N.Y.)

Born: Jan. 5, 1944, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Education: Glen Cove Nursing School, L.P.N. 1964.
Occupation: Nurse.
Family: Widowed; one child.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Career: No previous office.
Capitol Office: 1725 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-5516.

By Congressional Quarterly

McCarthy's saga has become a familiar one. In fact, Rep. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., has dubbed it "Mrs. Smith goes to Washington."

A nurse and mother living in Nassau County, Long Island, her life was shattered when a crazed gunman, Colin Ferguson, opened fire on a Long Island Rail Road commuter train in 1993. Among the victims were her husband, who was killed, and her adult son, who was seriously injured and remains partially disabled.

McCarthy became an advocate for stricter gun control laws, and during the 104th Congress, asked her representative, freshman Daniel Frisa, to oppose Republican-led efforts to repeal the ban on certain kinds of assault weapons enacted as part of the 1994 crime bill.

Frisa rebuffed her pleas and supported the repeal, which passed the House but never came up for a vote in the Senate. Frisa explained his vote on the assault weapons ban by saying the original bill was flawed.

Following that rebuff, McCarthy decided to challenge Frisa. A lifelong Republican, McCarthy tried to mount a primary challenge to Frisa, but Nassau Republican officials discouraged her from following through with that plan. Nassau Democrats then eagerly offered her their ballot line, which she accepted. Although the district was drawn to favor Republicans, it does have some elements that can make it competitive for Democrats: a significant minority community and a number of working-class residents.

McCarthy also received support from the national Democratic Party. She landed a coveted prime time speaking role at the national convention in Chicago.

Her challenge attracted national attention and enough money to wage a strong campaign against the heavily financed Frisa.

Frisa had scored an upset primary victory two years earlier, defeating freshman Republican Rep. David A. Levy in what was an embarrassment for the Nassau County Republican Organization, one of the last of the dominant party organizations. Levy was the only House Republican incumbent defeated for re-election in 1994.

Like many Democrats, McCarthy attempted to tie Frisa to Speaker Newt Gingrich and the House Republicans' efforts to scale back the projected spending increases in Medicaid and Medicare in order to balance the federal budget.

Gingrich was so unpopular on Long Island that two other Nassau County Republicans, Sen. Alfonse M. D'Amato and Rep. Peter T. King, went public with their criticism of the Speaker.

Like many Republicans, Frisa, who backed the House Republicans' "Contract With America" 98 percent of the time, began backing away from the party line as Election Day drew near. For example, he supported raising the minimum wage over objections of the GOP leadership.

Despite the Republican tint of the district, McCarthy managed to win handily. Frisa helped her by virtually disappearing in the final days of the campaign, shunning public appearances and interviews.

The media attention increased after McCarthy's election. She was accompanied by several reporters when she flew to Washington for freshman orientation in November 1996.

She had hoped for a major committee assignment in Washington, setting her sights on Commerce; Judiciary, where she could continue her crusade for gun control; Ways and Means; or Appropriations.

Most of those seats wound up going to more senior Democrats who lost their committee posts when the Republicans won control of the House in 1994. McCarthy instead got a seat on the Economic and Educational Opportunities Committee, which fits in with her call during the campaign for more federal funding for education.

After McCarthy won, she visited her husband's grave. She called to her husband at the cemetery: "Hey Den! My God, Dennis. Look at me now. Who would've ever thought?"

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Ohio - 6th District

Ted Strickland (D-Ohio)

Born: Aug. 4, 1941, Lucasville, Ohio.
Education: Asbury College, B.A. 1963; U. of Kentucky, M.A. 1966; Asbury Theological Seminary, M.A. 1967; U. of Kentucky, Ph.D. 1980.
Occupation: Professor; psychologist.
Family: Wife, Frances Smith.
Religion: Methodist.
Political Career: Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1976, 1978, 1980; U.S. House, 1993-95.
Capitol Office: 336 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-5705.

By Congressional Quarterly

For the past several years, Strickland, who is returning as a freshman for the second time, has been on a political seesaw.

In 1992, he scored a nearly 2 percentage point victory to win his 6th District House seat. In 1994, he lost by less than 2 percentage points to Republican businessman Frank A. Cremeans.

This year, the balance tipped in Strickland's favor. In a nationally watched rematch viewed as something of a referendum on the 104th Congress, he defeated Cremeans -- again by 2 percentage points.

He is now one of five newly elected members with previous House service.

In his first term, Strickland sat on the Education and Labor and Small Business committees. But this time around, he landed a seat on the prestigious Commerce Committee, from which he hopes to protect government business for a uranium enrichment plant operated by Lockheed Martin in his poor, largely Appalachian district.

In addition, representing a district where many families scrape by without health insurance, Strickland hopes to be involved in health care legislation -- a longtime interest of his.

A psychologist and college professor who once worked with inmates at Ohio prisons, Strickland also has a deep interest in education issues.

He ran for Congress three previous times before hitting the jackpot in 1992. His first victory resulted in part from post- census redistricting that put two veteran GOP incumbents -- Reps. Bob McEwen and Clarence E. Miller -- in the same district. Strickland narrowly defeated the eventual GOP nominee, McEwen, who had gone through a tough primary and had suffered politically from having 166 overdrafts at the House bank.

Strickland followed a moderately liberal line during his first term. He supported abortion rights and publicly backed the Clinton administration's "don't ask, don't tell" policy on gays in the military.

The district's well-organized religious community turned enthusiastically to Cremeans, a conservative, during the 1994 campaign. But the issue of taxes may have been Strickland's final undoing that year.

At a candidate's debate just days before the 1994 election, Strickland was asked a question about how to pay for universal health care, an idea he supported. In the course of his response, Strickland said that some taxes might have to be raised.

The Cremeans campaign seized on the comment and used it successfully in last-minute television ads to which Strickland had no time to respond.

In their heated and acrimonious 1996 rematch, taxes were again a key theme. Cremeans once again ran footage of Strickland's tax- raising comment. But this time, Strickland shot back with charges that Cremeans had raised taxes on the working poor by supporting a cut in the earned-income tax credit.

While many Republican candidates tried, as the 1996 elections neared, to distance themselves from the "Contract With America" of two years earlier, Cremeans continued to embrace the document's promises and to stick up for the priorities of the Republican- controlled House.

Cremeans, who sat on the Banking and Financial Services, and Resources committees, was perhaps best-known during his House tenure for his outspoken support of Republican presidential candidate Malcolm S. "Steve" Forbes Jr.

Strickland, who trailed Cremeans in campaign spending, benefited from an expensive ad campaign by labor unions targeting Cremeans on the Medicare issue.

While Cremeans criticized the ads as inappropriate, Strickland maintained that the union campaign was part of a history of interest-group involvement in congressional races -- including, he said, the effort by conservative Christian groups in behalf of Cremeans in 1994.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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