[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Missouri - 8th District

Jo Ann Emerson (I-Mo.)

Born: Sept. 16, 1950, Washington, D.C.
Education: Ohio Wesleyan U., B.A. 1972.
Occupation: Public affairs executive; lobbyist.
Family: Widowed; four children.
Religion: Presbyterian.
Political Career: No previous office.
Capitol Office: 132 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-4404.

By Congressional Quarterly

Voters in southeastern Missouri's 8th District continue to be represented by an Emerson, but not the one who occupied the seat for 16 years.

Rep. Bill Emerson, whose election in 1980 ended 50 years of Democratic hegemony over the conservative-leaning district that still sends Democrats to local office, died of lung cancer in 1996. His widow, Jo Ann, picked up his banner and carried it into the fall election.

Emerson is no stranger to politics. She served as senior vice president of public affairs for the American Insurance Association, director of state relations for the National Restaurant Association, and deputy director of communications for the National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC).

Actually, she won twice in November, prevailing in a special election as a Republican to fill out her husband's unexpired term, and winning a full term in the 105th Congress as an independent.

She had to run as an independent because the filing deadline for the primary had closed before her husband died, and Missouri Secretary of State Bekki Cook said state law prohibited her from reopening nominations.

Republican Party officials mulled a lawsuit, but instead began encouraging Emerson's widow to circulate petitions and file to run in the general election as an independent, since that deadline had not closed. She garnered the endorsements of the House Republican leadership, the NRCC and the Missouri Republican Party.

While Emerson had the support of the Republican establishment, the GOP primary became a contest between two little-known Republicans, who initially had filed to challenge the incumbent congressman. The winner was Coast Guard veteran Richard A. Kline, who was given little chance to win the election.

The Democrats, on the other hand, put up an attractive nominee, timber company owner Emily Firebaugh, and hoped to bring the district's voters back to their Democratic roots.

Firebaugh emphasized her long ties to the district and contrasted them with Emerson, who lived and worked in Washington.

Firebaugh received a boost from President Clinton, who made Cape Girardeau in the 8th District his first stop on his post-convention bus trip. She also hoped that many Democrats who for years had crossed party lines to vote for Emerson would return home.

But Emerson wrapped herself in her husband's mantle -- the campaign was called "Team Emerson" -- and pledged to continue his legacy.

She pledged in her campaign literature, for example, to "continue her late husband's winning fight to secure funding to improve highways . . . and the Cape Girardeau Mississippi River Bridge."

The GOP leadership assigned Emerson to the two panels on which her husband served: Transportation and Infrastructure, and Agriculture. Her husband had been in line to chair the Agriculture Committee.

Emerson said she wants to expand markets for crops grown in the district, including soybeans, rice, and cotton. She supports the North American Free Trade Agreement and wants to go after other barriers to farm exports.

She opposes abortion and is a staunch defender of gun owners' rights and private property rights. She backs a balanced-budget constitutional amendment and the congressional Republicans' effort to balance the federal budget by 2002, in part by cutting the growth in Medicare and Medicaid spending.

On health care, she wants to allow small businesses and the self-employed to deduct the entire cost of health insurance, and she supports efforts to allow people to buy insurance even if they had a serious illness.

During the campaign, she pledged to back constitutional amendments to outlaw flag burning, outlaw abortion, allow voluntary prayer in public schools, impose term limits on lawmakers, and require a two-thirds majority of both houses of Congress to raise taxes.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Missouri - 9th District

Kenny Hulshof (R-Mo.)

Born: May 22, 1958, Sikeston, Mo.
Education: U. of Missouri, B.S1980; U. of Mississippi, J.D. 1983.
Occupation: Public defender; prosecutor; state assistant attorney general.
Family: Wife, Renee.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Career: Sought Republican nomination for Boone county prosecutor, 1992; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1728 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-2956.

By Congressional Quarterly

As befits someone who defeated a cantankerous critic of the House Republican majority, Hulshof was feted when the GOP organized for the 105th Congress. He landed a seat on the Ways and Means Committee, a rare appointment for a first-termer, and was elected president of the freshman class.

Consider it a thank you to Hulshof for ousting veteran Democratic Rep. Harold L. Volkmer, who flourished during the 104th Congress as an outspoken opponent of the newly ascendent GOP.

Having come within 11,000 votes of defeating Volkmer in 1994, Hulshof spent the next two years preparing for a rematch. He almost did not get it.

A wealthy ophthalmologist, Harry Eggleston, reached into his own pocket for more than $300,000 and challenged Hulshof for the GOP nomination in 1996.

Hulshof pointed to his strong showing in 1994 and contended that he could cut into Volkmer's base because he lived in the Democratic part of the district, Boone County, which includes Columbia. Eggleston countered that he could improve GOP turnout because he lived in the more Republican part of the district, the St. Louis suburbs.

On primary day, Hulshof edged Eggleston by fewer than 200 votes and went on to his rematch with Volkmer.

Two years earlier, Hulshof had held Volkmer to 50 percent of the vote. His performance was all the more remarkable because Hulshof did not enter the race until the original nominee, Rick Hardy, withdrew in June, citing depression. Hardy had held Volkmer to 48 percent in 1992.

In the fall campaign, Hulshof touted his crime-fighting prowess as a former assistant district attorney, noting that he helped send seven convicted killers to death row. He called for new limits on death row appeals and for amending the 1994 crime bill to provide for block grants that would give states more control over spending, as proposed unsuccessfully by House Republicans in the 104th Congress.

In a district with a large rural population, Hulshof talked of growing up on a farm, being active in Future Farmers of America and earning a degree in agricultural economics from the University of Missouri. He supports compensating farmers and other landowners if their property values are reduced by federal regulations.

Hulshof emphasized his opposition to abortion and his support of gun owners' rights, and accused Volkmer of casting the deciding vote for President Clinton'S1993 deficit reduction package, which raised income taxes on the wealthiest Americans. The measure passed the House by one vote.

Hulshof has called for applying cost-benefit analyses to new federal regulations, adopting a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution, and imposing term limits on members of Congress. He wants to overhaul medical malpractice laws and has endorsed medical savings accounts, which allow individuals to set up tax-deductible savings accounts for medical expenses.

In the closing weeks of the campaign, Hulshof seized on a radio comment in which Volkmer said residents were not overtaxed. Hulshof contrasted that with his own call for a tax credit for families with children, a tax credit for taxpayers who cared for elderly parents or grandparents at home, a cut in estate taxes, and a repeal of the 1993 tax increase on the Social Security benefits of higher-income senior citizens. He also hit Volkmer for his votes to raise lawmakers' pay.

Volkmer, who bows to no one in his support of gun owners' rights and his opposition to abortion, touted his own conservative credentials while attempting to push Hulshof to the far right.

He reminded voters that Hulshof signed the House GOP's "Contract With America" in 1994 and criticized what he said were Republican efforts to cut Medicare, Medicaid and education funding, and roll back environmental protections.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

AllPolitics home page


Copyright © 1997 AllPolitics All Rights Reserved
Terms under which this information is provided to you