[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Maine - 1st District

Tom Allen (D-Maine)

Born: April 16, 1945, Portland, Maine. Education: Bowdoin College, B.A. 1967; Oxford U., B. Phil. 1970; Harvard U., J.D. 1974. Occupation: Policy consultant; lawyer; congressional aide. Family: Wife, Diana; two children. Religion: Protestant. Political Career: Portland City Council, 1989-95; mayor of Portland, 1991-92; sought Democratic nomination for governor, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1630 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-6116.

By Congressional Quarterly

Allen ran the very model of a Democratic challenge in 1996: He touched on all bases of key concern to Democratic constituencies, while defining his opponent as "out of step" with the district.

Of mild mien, Allen comes naturally to the parts he played during the contest, in which he unseated one-term Republican Rep. James B. Longley Jr. by emphasizing themes of Yankee independence and fiscal centrism.

As did Longley, Allen will sit on the National Security Committee, where he can keep a lookout for matters of concern to Bath Iron Works, a 1st District shipbuilder that is the state's largest employer.

Allen, a former Portland mayor, was a classmate of President Clinton's at Oxford when both were Rhodes scholars. (During a 1996 campaign appearance in Portland, Clinton said he was "bitter" that Allen's head is still free of gray hairs.) Allen chaired Clinton's Maine campaign in 1992 and was an adviser on agriculture issues during the presidential transition.

Like Clinton, Allen successfully sought the political center during his campaign. The district has long sent moderate Republicans and liberal Democrats to Congress, and Longley was more of a conservative activist than southern Maine voters had been accustomed to.

With a million-dollar assist from independent expenditure campaigns run by the AFL-CIO, Sierra Club and other groups, Allen portrayed Longley as more representative of the interests of House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., than of voters in the district.

Longley objected, but his protests proved to be too little, too late. He did persuade a couple of Maine TV stations to pull ads decrying his record on procedural votes on the minimum wage. And he earned headlines when a labor operative from Michigan proved to be the instigator of district protests against him.

But such complaints were ultimately for naught, as voters disapproved of Longley's votes in support of GOP efforts to slow the growth of Medicare, Head Start, environmental programs and heating assistance for low-income families. Allen campaigned as the champion of all these causes, while pledging to buck his party if it did not stay on course toward balancing the budget.

Allen followed both his grandfather and father onto Portland's city council. He helped pass the state's first ordinance banning discrimination against gays and lesbians and helped form a downtown corporation that granted low-interest loans to businesses that agreed to locate or expand their operations in the city center.

He hopes to pursue a national child-care initiative that would enable more parents to work. During the 1996 campaign, Allen touted his plan for "Family Learning Accounts," tax-free accounts for college and technical education.

That plan echoed a pledge Allen made during his unsuccessful bid for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in 1994. He wanted to offer Maine residents who completed two years of community service free tuition at state institutions of higher learning.

The statewide exposure Allen received in that race helped him to overcome state Sen. Dale McCormick in the 1996 House primary. He and McCormick took similar tacks on most issues and spent more time attacking Longley than attacking one another.

McCormick, who is gay, received a great deal of fundraising help from national gay and lesbian organizations, and she was able to outspend Allen appreciably. But despite her aggressive efforts to turn out her supporters, Allen was able to ride his base in the Portland area to a narrow victory.

Allen supports abortion rights and opposes a ban on so-called partial-birth abortions. He wants to strengthen clean air and water laws and supports a national deposit on battery usage, as well as a national bottle recycling bill modeled after a Maine program.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Michigan - 8th District

Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.)

Born: April 29, 1950, Gladwin, Mich.
Education: Michigan State U., B.A. 1972, M.S.W. 1975.
Occupation: Leadership training consultant.
Family: Divorced; two children.
Religion: United Methodist.
Political Career: Ingham County Commissioner, 1975-78, chair, 1977-78; Mich. House, 1979-91; Mich. Senate, 1991-95; sought Democratic nomination for governor, 1994; Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1516 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-4872.

By Congressional Quarterly

A well-known former state legislator and gubernatorial candidate, Stabenow was the dream choice in 1996 for Michigan Democrats who were anxious to reclaim the politically marginal 8th District in the state's east-central region.

Considered a fiscal conservative, Stabenow began her career in elective politics in 1975 by serving a three-year stint on the Ingham (Lansing) County Commission. In 1978, she was elected to the state House, where she earned a solid reputation for her work on such issues as domestic violence, child abuse prevention and mental health.

Despite those years as a public figure, it wasn't until Stabenow won a state Senate seat in 1990 that she rose to real prominence.

In the early 1990s, working in concert with then first-term Republican Gov. John Engler and other members of the state GOP, Stabenow became a vocal and ardent supporter of a measure that drastically reduced property taxes on Michigan residents by ceasing to use that levy as the chief way to finance the state's public school system.

While panned at the time by many Democrats and interest groups, such as the teachers' unions, the move proved popular with voters and catapulted Stabenow to political stardom statewide.

Riding that wave of popularity, Stabenow sought the Democratic gubernatorial nomination to run against Engler in 1994.

But her candidacy stalled in the Democratic primary, so Stabenow settled for the nomination for lieutenant governor in what was ultimately a losing effort.

As a member of Congress, Stabenow said she will back efforts to expand students' access to college and financial aid.

Stabenow is also a strong supporter of proposals by the Clinton administration to put computers in every classroom in the country.

Stabenow, who said much is riding on the nation's ability to continue making technological advances, landed a seat on the Science Committee, where she is likely to push for more advanced technology in educational settings.

But in a reflection of how heavily her district still relies on farming, Stabenow also sought and snagged a slot on the Agriculture Committee.

As testament to Stabenow's political stature, Michigan Democratic officials ensured she would have a clean shot at the seat by virtually forbidding any primary opposition.

Stabenow also benefited greatly from more than a year of negative advertising against first-term Republican incumbent Dick Chrysler, who was targeted by independent interest groups, such as the AFL-CIO, upset with his votes to reduce long-term spending on the federal health insurance program for the elderly, to scale back workplace safety laws and to reduce environmental regulations on business.Democrats had held the 8th District seat for nearly two decades before Chrysler captured it in 1994 with just 52 percent of the vote.

While organized labor did much of the dirty work in 1996, Stabenow conserved resources and focused her attention on personal appearances and door-to-door contact with voters, particularly those in Livingston County, Chrysler's home turf.

Throughout the campaign, Stabenow tried to tie Chrysler to House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., suggesting her opponent did not represent the moderate views of the district.

Chrysler, who touted his work to promote medical savings accounts and make college tuition tax deductible, denounced organized labor's involvement in the campaign and accused the Democratic Party and its allies of trying to "buy the election."

But Chrysler's arguments failed to sway voters, who gave Stabenow the victory by a convincing margin.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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