[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Illinois - 20th District

John Shimkus (R-Ill.)

Born: Feb. 21, 1958, Collinsville, Ill.
Education: U.S. Military Academy, B.S1980; Southern Illinois U., 1991-present.
Military Service: Army, 1980-86; Army Reserve, 1986-present.
Occupation: Teacher; Army officer.
Family: Wife, Karen; two children.
Religion: Lutheran.
Political Career: Candidate for Madison County Board, 1988; Collinsville Township Board of Trustees, 1989-97; Madison County treasurer, 1990-97; Republican nominee for U.S. House, 1992.
Capitol Office: 513 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-5271.

By Congressional Quarterly

A coveted seat on the Commerce Committee was Shimkus' reward for capturing the 20th District seat formerly represented by Democrat Richard J. Durbin, who was elected to the Senate in 1996.

Shimkus took a narrow lead over Democrat Jay C. Hoffman, a state legislator, on election night and held it through the final count.

The Commerce Committee, which was Shimkus' first choice, traditionally has been one of the most lucrative panels when it comes to raising campaign funds, and Shimkus can expect to be a prime target on the Democratic hit list in 1998.

It is rare for a freshman to land a position on the Commerce Committee. As a backup, Shimkus expressed interest in the Transportation and Infrastructure and Agriculture panels.

During the campaign, Shimkus said he would like to improve the district's public works, including roads and bridges. And the district is heavily rural.

Besides Shimkus, the only other first-termer who got a seat on Commerce was James E. Rogan of California, who also won a close race for an open seat Nov. 5.

Shimkus' drive for Commerce got a boost from Rep. Dennis Hastert, a fellow Illinois Republican who as chief deputy majority whip was part of the House Republican leadership. A senior member of the Commerce Committee and a member of the Committee on Committees, Hastert pushed for Shimkus to get the coveted appointment.

For Shimkus, who as Madison County treasurer was the only Republican elected countywide (only two Republicans sat in the county legislature, elected from districts), being elected to Congress gives him an opportunity to schmooze with his fellow party members.

"Now I have peers of the same political persuasion," he told the Chicago Sun-Times. "I can have a pizza and a beer with them and discuss my job."

Durbin had won the swing district handily since first being elected to Congress in 1982, but when he left, the seat was up for grabs. Durbin endorsed Hoffman, a state representative, as his successor, and the Republicans favored Shimkus, who had run a credible losing race against Durbin in 1992.

Hoffman and Shimkus claimed their parties' nominations in March.

More conservative than Durbin, Hoffman emphasized his opposition to abortion and the anti-crime legislation he supported in the Illinois legislature. He had the support of organized labor and tried to bind Shimkus tightly to Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., and the conservative House Republican majority.

Shimkus, who also opposes abortion, aimed for the political center. He tried to portray Hoffman as an opponent of tax cuts. He campaigned as a pro-business candidate, one who would fight to roll back taxes and regulations that he said hinder economic growth. He said he would seek ways to make health care more available for self-employed workers and small-business employees.

As county treasurer, he advocated reducing taxes and balancing the budget through spending cuts, giving up his own pay as proof of lower taxes, and smaller government.

In Washington, he said he would try to consolidate government operations as one way to hold down spending. He would also like to see an income tax cut.

A graduate of West Point who served in Germany before returning to his hometown, Shimkus said one way to fight crime would be to stop drugs from coming into the country. Along those lines, he wants to step up interdiction efforts.

Shimkus said he will remain in the Army Reserves, where he is a major, even while he is serving in the House.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Indiana - 7th District

Edward Pease (R-Ind.)

Born: May 22, 1951, Vigo County, Ind.
Education: Indiana U., A.B. 1973, J.D. 1977; Indiana State U., 1981-85.
Occupation: College administrator; lawyer.
Family: Single.
Religion: United Methodist.
Political Career: Ind. Senate, 1981-93.
Capitol Office: 226 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-5805.

By Congressional Quarterly

Affable and soft-spoken, Pease is likely to vote with his conservative brethren on most issues. But he will seek to emulate John T. Myers, his Republican predecessor, in reaching across the aisle to cut deals with Democrats when necessary to advance his causes.

"I come with strong convictions, but I also come with great respect for people of different convictions," said Pease, who landed a spot on the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, where deal-making is an art.

One area in which Pease may sometimes break with his GOP peers is education. Although he supports efforts to return more control over education to states and localities, the former Indiana State University administrative vice president would like to see a continued federal role in funding higher education.

Pease, who considers himself a solid conservative, concedes that he breaks with his party's mainstream in his support of increased funding for student loans and grants, as well as environmental safeguards.

Pease supports, in principle, cuts in tax rates, though he did not come out in favor of a specific package as a candidate. He was more specific about spending cuts, proposing that administrative budgets, except that of the Pentagon, be reduced by 10 percent across the board. He also favored killing the departments of Energy and Commerce.

Social conservatives have an ally in Pease, well-positioned on the Judiciary Committee. He opposes abortion, gun control and affirmative action and supports a constitutional amendment to allow prayer in public schools.

Pease earned a reputation during three terms in the Indiana Senate as a thorough and honest legislator. Lobbyists for both industry and education learned that his vote could not be taken for granted; even when sympathetic, he needed to be convinced.

His crowning achievements came as chairman of the Judiciary Committee, where he sponsored legislation that allowed more flexibility in sentencing. Pease enacted more lenient penalties for juvenile and first-time offenders, arguing that more resources would be available for hardened criminals.

During his House campaign against state Sen. Bob Hellmann, Pease assured voters in ads that he would not support spending reductions in Social Security, Medicare or veterans' programs.

Pease, who worked hog roasts and chili suppers throughout the 13-county district in lieu of sharing many forum stages with Hellmann, complained that he put on 25 pounds during the campaign.

Pease's roots in Vigo County, the most Democratic section of the district, made Hellmann's uphill climb that much steeper.

Pease's biggest electoral challenge came in winning the 15-way GOP primary. The field included several well-known politicians, including John Meyers, a Lafayette lawyer and former GOP district chairman. Concerned that voters might be confused by the candidate's name, retiring Rep. Myers endorsed Pease in the closing weeks. (The incumbent's daughter and son-in-law were already working for Pease.)

Family connections also provided a boost to Pease's fundraising efforts. Pease underwrote most of his primary campaign, with the funds coming from the sale of his Terre Haute house to his second cousin Robert A. Funk, an Oklahoma City businessman. Pease continued to live in the house under a lease.

The Terre Haute Tribune-Star, which revealed the house sale, also reported that Pease received some three dozen contributions totaling more than $10,000 from Oklahoma residents. Pease's house was again in the local press the weekend before the election, when the Lafayette Journal and Courier reported that 10 men were registered to vote at Pease's address.

In keeping with his belief that government programs should be an avenue of last resort, Pease has devoted himself to community service, from lay leadership in his church to the national board of the Boy Scouts.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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