[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Colorado - 4th District

Robert Schaffer (R-Colo.)

Born: July 24, 1962, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Education: U. of Dayton, B.A. 1984.
Occupation: Property manager; small-business owner; state legislative aide.
Family: Wife, Maureen; four children.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Career: Colo. Senate, 1987-97; Republican nominee for lieutenant governor, 1994.
Capitol Office: 212 Cannon Bldg. 20515; 225-4676.

By Congressional Quarterly

Although only 34 years old when elected to the House, Schaffer was already a veteran legislator, having been a member of the Colorado state Senate since 1987.

He was also following in the footsteps of another conservative from eastern Colorado, three-term Rep. Wayne Allard, who won a bid to succeed retiring Republican Sen. Hank Brown.

As Allard did, Schaffer will serve on the Agriculture and Resources committees. These are fitting assignments for a member who finds himself representing a district known as Colorado's breadbasket.

The vast 4th District stretches over the eastern third of the state and includes farms and cattle ranches, as well as far- outlying suburbs of Denver.

Schaffer will also sit on the Economic and Educational Opportunities Committee.

Allard's departure from the House resulted in a tough three-way battle for the Republican nomination in which Schaffer faced off against two other state legislators, state Sen. Don Ament and state Rep. Pat Sullivan.

Schaffer presented himself as the true conservative in the race. He emphasized social issues to appeal to Christian conservatives and supporters of gun owners' rights.

Abortion also played a role: While Schaffer opposes abortion rights, both Ament and Sullivan support them in some cases.

After winning the nomination, Schaffer faced Democratic nominee Guy Kelley, a University of Colorado regent. Schaffer described himself as the heir to Allard's tradition in the 4th District.

Among his major campaign themes were calls to lower taxes and shrink the size of government.

Kelley, meanwhile, highlighted education issues.

Schaffer's strong conservative bent led some Democrats to hope that centrists could be lured to Kelley's side. But the district's Republican leanings enabled Schaffer to win by a fairly comfortable margin.

Most of Schaffer's adult life has been spent in politics.

He jokes that he got interested in politics when he was 3 or 4 years old and his schoolteacher parents described the concept of taxation to him. "I became an activist," he says. "I decided immediately that I didn't like Democrats and I liked Republicans."

By the time he hit his mid-20s, he had been elected to the state Senate, following a stint as a speech writer after college.

On the Agriculture Committee, Schaffer wants to work to lower farmers' taxes and to open up overseas markets for U.S. goods by breaking down barriers to trade.

As a member of the Resources Committee, Schaffer supports major revisions to the 1973 Endangered Species Act; many conservatives have contended that the law infringes on the rights of private property owners.

He also says that the authority of the Environmental Protection Agency must be scaled back.

By slowing the rate of growth in federal spending, Schaffer says, the federal budget deficit can be eliminated in 2002.

To ensure that this goal is reached, he says, he will push for a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution.

Schaffer also advocates reducing the size of the federal bureaucracy by eliminating the departments of Commerce, Education, Energy, and Housing and Urban Development and the National Endowment for the Arts.

The fiscal conservative, a former chairman of the Colorado Senate Finance Committee, says he will work to lower taxes on working Americans by reducing the capital gains tax by at least half and by eliminating estate taxes.

He also hopes to focus on social and cultural issues in an effort to stem what he sees as a decline in family stability and a tendency toward overdependence on government.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Connecticut - 5th District

James Maloney (D-Conn.)

Born: Sept. 17, 1948, Quincy, Mass.
Education: Harvard U., B.A. 1972; Boston U., J.D. 1980.
Occupation: Lawyer.
Family: Wife, Mary Draper Maloney; three children.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Career: Conn. Senate, 1987-95; Democratic nominee for U.S. House, 1994.
Capitol Office: 1213 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-5203.

By Congressional Quarterly

A former state senator who was unsuccessful in his first bid for Congress, Maloney pulled off an upset on his second try: He defeated three-term Republican Rep. Gary A. Franks.

Maloney had served eight years in the state senate before giving up his General Assembly seat to run for Congress in 1994, when he lost to Franks. A lawyer from relatively affluent Danbury, Maloney was known in the legislature for his commitment to economic development issues.

Though he is an unabashed liberal, Maloney often sounds more like a moderate Republican when calling for policies to promote commerce and create jobs. Both are important to the 5th District, where businesses have laid off thousands of workers or closed their doors completely in recent years.

Before serving in the General Assembly, Maloney spent four years as the executive director of Danbury's anti-poverty agency. There, he oversaw initiatives such as the Women, Infants and Children nutrition program, Meals on Wheels for the elderly and the Head Start program for preschool children from low-income families.

Maloney's expertise in financial matters helped him win a seat on the Banking Committee, where he hopes to push for capital and investment policies that could benefit post-industrial cities such as those in his district.

Maloney says he will work to strengthen vocational training programs to better prepare workers to cope with economic dislocations and will promote research and development that could in turn spur job growth. He vows to protect education programs from budget cuts and to make college more accessible to people who wish to attend.

In addition, Maloney says his other priorities will be protecting the nation's environment, cracking down on crime, and working to ensure the solvency of Medicare, the federal health program for the elderly, and Medicaid, the federal-state program for the poor and disabled, well into the future.

When Maloney formally announced in early 1996 that he would again challenge Franks, even fellow Democrats did not give him much of a chance.

Franks, one of only two African-American Republicans in Congress at the time, seemed to be at the peak of his popularity.

For example, Franks made headlines when he found himself in conflict with House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., in 1995 over a Franks proposal that aimed to eliminate federal affirmative action programs.

Franks, who said the Republican leader was reneging on a promise to support the effort, eventually backed down. But in doing so, he publicly questioned Gingrich's veracity at a time when the Speaker and other House leaders had already determined that the proposal had the potential to be more politically damaging than helpful.

While Franks' actions clearly angered many in Congress, including a significant number of white Republicans as well as African-Americans and Democrats, the moves seemed to play well back in the 5th, which is predominantly white and working class.

In fact, Franks became so confident that his position was secure that he ignored his re-election campaign for several weeks during the summer to go on a national tour promoting a book he had written about his experiences as a black Republican.

In the meantime, Maloney was carefully assembling a strong grass-roots organization and solid fundraising machine that made him a more viable candidate than he had been in the 1994 campaign.

When the 1996 campaign turned serious after Labor Day, Franks tried to play it safe by making few public appearances and restricting press access to himself.

But Maloney pounced on the opportunity, accusing Franks of being out of step with the district and afraid to defend his record. Maloney clinched the victory by a comfortable margin.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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