[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Arkansas - 3rd District

Asa Hutchinson (R-Ark.)

Born: Dec. 3, 1950, Bentonville, Ark.
Education: Bob Jones U., B.S. 1972; U. of Arkansas, J.D. 1975.
Occupation: Lawyer.
Family: Wife, Susan Burrell; four children.
Religion: Baptist.
Political Career: City attorney of Bentonville, 1977-78; U.S. attorney, 1982-85; Republican nominee for U.S. Senate, 1986; Republican nominee for Ark. attorney general, 1990; Ark. Republican Party chairman, 1990-95.
Capitol Office: 1535 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-4301

By Congressional Quarterly

Hutchinson, who twice mulled over a run for the Senate in 1996, went to the House instead.

The former state GOP chairman who unsuccessfully challenged Democratic Sen. Dale Bumpers in 1986, Hutchinson considered vying for the seat being vacated by retiring Democratic Sen. David Pryor. He decided against challenging then-Lt. Gov. Mike Huckabee for the GOP nomination.

When Huckabee dropped out of the race in order to succeed Gov. Jim Guy Tucker, who resigned after being convicted in a Whitewater- related case, Hutchinson again pondered whether to run. He demurred as party leaders persuaded his older brother, Rep. Tim Hutchinson, to give up his safe House seat to run for the Senate.

Asa Hutchinson then was tapped to replace his brother as the GOP nominee in the 3rd District, the most Republican of Arkansas' four congressional districts. (The GOP had held the seat for 30 years; longtime Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt survived a 1974 challenge by a political newcomer named Bill Clinton, holding on by 6,000 votes.)

Hutchinson got a big break when the original Democratic nominee, lawyer and publisher Boyce Davis, withdrew, saying he could not raise enough money to make the race competitive. The Democrats then turned to University of Arkansas business professor Ann Henry, who ran a spirited campaign but came up short. Hutchinson beat her handily.

The brothers campaigned together, sharing fried chicken, potato salad, baked beans and iced tea with 400 of the party faithful at a rally and dinner in the final weeks of the campaign.

With both Hutchinsons winning their respective races, Arkansas becomes the second state with a brother-brother combination in the Senate and House. The other is Michigan, with Sen. Carl Levin and Rep. Sander Levin.

The election also provided a measure of revenge for the Hutchinsons. Asa ran for attorney general in 1990, only to lose to Winston Bryant, who in turn was defeated by Tim in the Senate race.

Not only did Hutchinson succeed his brother in the House, he also succeeded him on the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. Applying former Speaker Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill's dictum that all politics is local, Hutchinson said he would seek help for a new airport in northwest Arkansas, home of Wal-Mart and Tyson Foods. He also got seats on the Judiciary and Veterans Affairs committees.

The former U.S. attorney, who once prosecuted members of a militia-style group, said reducing crime would be one of his top priorities. In particular, he said he would push federal agencies to boost their interdiction efforts in an attempt to reduce the flow of illegal drugs into the country.

Hutchinson got his start in government right after graduating from the University of Arkansas law school when he became Bentonville city attorney. He was named by Ronald Reagan as the U.S. attorney for the Western District of Arkansas in 1982, leaving before his unsuccessful 1986 Senate campaign.

The younger Hutchinson, like his older brother, leans to the right on issues. He supports term limits and opposes the Brady bill's waiting period on handgun purchases. He backs the move to overhaul the welfare system by shifting the program to the states.

He is a strong supporter of efforts to balance the federal budget. He wants to shrink the deficit through spending cuts rather than tax increases. He said he would have supported the Republicans' efforts in the 104th Congress to balance the budget by 2002, including the GOP proposal to reduce the rate of growth in spending on Medicare, the federally backed health insurance program for the elderly.

At the same time, he backs a per-child tax credit for working families and supports efforts to simplify the tax code and flatten rates.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

California - 10th District

Ellen Tauscher (D-Calif.)

Born: Nov. 15, 1951, Newark, N.J.
Education: Seton Hall U., B.A. 1974.
Occupation: Child care screening executive; marketing executive; investment banker.
Family: Husband, William Tauscher, one child.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Career: No previous office.
Capitol Office: 1440 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-1880.

By Congressional Quarterly

Tauscher arrived for her first day of orientation on Capitol Hill in a chauffeured car, but this multimillionaire businesswoman can hardly be described as a "limousine liberal." She sounds Republican notes as she talks about creating a leaner government with a balanced budget, although she won her seat running on typical Democratic Class of 1996 themes.

Tauscher said she supports deficit reduction, but not at the expense of student loans, Head Start, environmental protection or programs that provide benefits to senior citizens.

Such a stance, she said, fits the interests of her affluent commuter district. "They want their cake and eat it, too," she said shortly after winning the election. "And they can have it with me."

Tauscher unseated Bill Baker, a combative two-term Republican for whom this district had been drawn. (Baker had previously served in the state Assembly.) Some of the issues Tauscher ran on had been test-marketed unsuccessfully by Baker'S1994 opponent -- the main difference in the outcomes being Tauscher's willingness to spend more than $1.5 million of her own money to spread the message.

Baker himself conceded that his stance on gun control was a political Achilles' heel. He supported the law to require a five- day waiting period for handgun purchases but voted against a ban on certain assault-style weapons. The East Bay district is home to several residents who lost family members in a 1993 massacre in San Francisco'S101 California building, and one of the victim's relatives appeared in a commercial for Tauscher.

Tauscher is a physically imposing but approachable woman who supports abortion rights. She does not want the federal government to have significant involvement in schooling, saying decisions are best made at the local level. But she would like to see the government offer financial incentives to states that perform well.

One area in which Tauscher will be able to look out for the specific interests of her district is transportation. As Baker had, she will serve on the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, where she will look out for the East Bay's matrix of highways as well as Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), the subway train system that fueled her district's population growth.

One way Tauscher will be able to burnish her credentials as a pro-business Democrat is in her advocacy of a targeted reduction in capital gains taxation. Tauscher advocates offering a 50 percent reduction to venture capitalists who hold their investments for at least five years in companies worth $100 million or less (raising the present ceiling from $25 million).

Tauscher founded three companies that register and screen child care providers. She was one of the first women to hold a seat on the New York Stock Exchange, working as an investment banker for Bache Securities and then Drexel Burnham Lambert.

Much of her family's wealth is derived from stock her husband holds in Vanstar Corp., the $2 billion-a-year computer company he runs.

Tauscher's father served as a local officeholder in New Jersey. Tauscher got her start in politics helping others campaign, serving as a co-chair of California Democrat Dianne Feinstein's successful 1992 and 1994 Senate runs.

Bay Area Democratic Reps. George Miller and Anna G. Eshoo helped persuade Tauscher to make the run against Baker, her first bid for public office. Her one primary opponent dropped out of the race to give her a clear shot against the incumbent, although his name remained on the ballot.

Baker tried to make Tauscher's wealth an issue against her. He aired radio ads that likened her to a lottery winner or Monopoly player who could find better uses for her money than to "buy a seat in Congress."

Although Baker dismissed Tauscher's ads linking him to Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., as "cute," in the end they proved a more successful campaign.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

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