[AllPolitics - States]

AllPolitics is presenting the freshmen of the 105th Congress every day between now and January. Here's who we've done so far:

Jeff Sessions (R)
Tim Hutchinson (R)
Wayne Allard (R)
Max Cleland (D)
Richard Durbin (D)
Sam Brownback (R)
Pat Roberts (R)
Mary Landrieu (D)
Susan Collins (R)
Chuck Hagel (R)
New Jersey
Robert Torricelli (D)
Gordon Smith (R)
Rhode Island
Jack Reed (D)
South Dakota
Tim Johnson (D)
Mike Enzi (R)

3-Bob Riley (R)
4-Robert Aderholt (R)
1-Marion Berry (D)
2-Victor F. Snyder (D)
3-Asa Hutchinson (R)
10-Ellen Tauscher (D)
22-Walter Holden Capps (D)
24-Brad Sherman (D)
27-James E. Rogan (R)
46-Loretta Sanchez (D)
1-Diana DeGette (D)
4-Robert Schaffer (R)
5-James Maloney (D)
2-Allen Boyd (D)
11-Jim Davis (D)
19-Robert Wexler (D)
3-Leonard Boswell (D)
5-Rod Blagojevich (D)
7-Danny K. Davis (D)
20-John Shimkus (R)
7-Edward Pease (R)
10-Julia Carson (D)
1-Jerry Moran (R)
2-Jim Ryun (R)
3-Vince Snowbarger (R)
3-Anne Meagher Northup (R)
5-John Cooksey (R)
7-Chris John (D)
3-James McGovern (D)
6-John Tierney (D)
10-William Delahunt (D)
1-Tom Allen (D)
8-Debbie Stabenow (D)
15-Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D)
3-Charles "Chip" Pickering Jr. (R)
7-Roy Blunt (R)
8-Jo Ann Emerson (I)
9-Kenny Hulshof (R)
At Large-Rick Hill (R)
New Hampshire
1-John E. Sununu (R)
New Jersey
8-William Pascrell Jr. (D)
9-Steven Rothman (D)
12-Mike Pappas (R)
New York
4-Carolyn McCarthy (D)
2-Jim Gibbons (R)
North Carolina
2-Bob Etheridge (D)
4-David E. Price (D)
7-Mike McIntyre (D)
6-Ted Strickland (D)
10-Dennis Kucinich (D)
3-Wes Watkins (R)
2-Bob Smith (R)
5-Darlene Hooley (D)
5-John Peterson (R)
16-Joseph R. Pitts (R)
Rhode Island
2-Robert Weygand (D)
South Dakota
At Large-John Thune (R)
1-Bill Jenkins (R)
9-Harold E. Ford Jr. (D)
1-Max Sandlin (D)
2-Jim Turner (D)
5-Pete Sessions (R)
12-Kay Granger (R)
14-Ron Paul (R)
15-Ruben Hinojosa (D)
16-Silvestre Reyes (D)
2-Merrill Cook (R)
3-Chris Cannon (R)
5-Virgil H. Goode Jr. (D)
9-Adam Smith (D)
3-Ron Kind (D)
8-Jay W. Johnson (D)
Arkansas - 1st District

Marion Berry (D-Ark.)

Born: Aug. 27, 1942, Stuttgart, Ark.
Education: U. of Arkansas, 1960-62; U. of Arkansas, Little Rock, B.S. 1965.
Occupation: Farmer; White House aide.
Family: Wife, Carolyn; two children.
Religion: Methodist.
Political Career: Ark. Soil and Water Conservation commissioner, 1992-94; Gillett City Council, 1976-80, 1986-94.
Capitol Office: 1407 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-4076.

By Congressional Quarterly

Berry likely will follow the same moderate path as the Democrat he succeeded, Blanche Lambert Lincoln, who decided not to seek re- election in 1996 after learning she was pregnant with twins. Soon after winning the seat, in fact, Berry joined the Coalition, a group of conservative House Democrats better known as the "Blue Dogs."

Berry clearly fits into the conservative wing of his party. He supports a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced budget, opposes gun control and abortion, opposes parole for violent criminals and wants to review government regulations on business with an eye toward eliminating those that are unnecessary. He supports the welfare overhaul bill signed by President Clinton, which limits welfare recipients to two years' worth of benefits

During his campaign, Berry drew a sharp distinction between his positions and some actions of the Republican-led 104th Congress. He opposed GOP efforts to amend the 1994 crime bill and create block grants for the states rather than specifically earmark funding to hire more police officers.

He criticized the Republicans' attempts to balance the federal budget largely by slowing the growth of Medicare and Medicaid spending, and he took issue with their proposal to reduce taxes. He said any tax cuts should wait until after the budget is balanced and then be targeted toward the middle class.

General manager and part-owner of a family farm since 1968, Berry says he will be a voice for agriculture, industry and small business owners in the 105th Congress. As befits his farming background, Berry sought and obtained a seat on the Agriculture Committee.

Berry began his political career in 1978 when he was elected to the Gillett City Council. In 1982, he became Bill Clinton's gubernatorial campaign coordinator in Arkansas County, a task he also performed in 1986 and 1990. Berry spent two years, 1993-94, as chairman of the Arkansas County Democratic Committee.

In 1986, then-Gov. Clinton named him to the Arkansas Soil and Water Conservation Commission. He chaired the panel in 1992.

Following Clinton's election to the White House, the president named Berry as his liaison to the U.S. Agriculture Department. Officially, Berry served as special assistant to the president for agricultural trade and food assistance. He also served as a staff member of the White House Domestic Policy Council.

When Lincoln unexpectedly announced her retirement, Berry was one of three Democrats who jumped into the race to succeed her. He nearly won a majority against two primary opponents, but found much tougher going in the runoff against Tom Donaldson, deputy prosecutor of Crittenden County.

Donaldson forced Berry on the defensive over Clinton's decision to sign the Republican farm bill, which moved the nation's agriculture program to a more market-based approach, and he lost by less than 3,000 votes.

The 1st District is Democratic in its outlook, and Clinton's presence on the November ballot, where the hometown boy was expected to do well despite his support for the farm bill, boded well for the party on the congressional level.

The Republicans had renominated Warren Dupwe, a former Jonesboro city attorney who two years before had polled 47 percent of the vote against Lincoln, the highest percentage recorded by a GOP candidate in the district in more than 100 years. Dupwe had continued to campaign for the seat since that loss.

But the 1st District's Democratic heritage was too much for Dupwe to overcome, and the Republican tide that carried him to a strong showing in 1994 had ebbed by 1996. Berry also tried to link Dupwe to the House Republicans' plans to scale back the growth of Medicare and Medicaid, a chief concern in an area where 1 in 6 residents is at least 65 years old.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

Arkansas - 2nd District

Victor F. Snyder (D-Ark.)

Born: Sept. 27, 1947, Medford, Ore.
Education: Willamette U., B.A.; U. of Oregon, M.D.; U. of Arkansas, Little Rock, J.D.
Military Service: Marine Corps, 1967-69.
Occupation: Physician; lawyer.
Family: Single.
Religion: Presbyterian.
Political Career: Ark. Senate, 1991-97.
Capitol Office: 1319 Longworth Bldg. 20515; 225-2506.

By Congressional Quarterly

Snyder burst onto the political scene in spectacular fashion in 1990 when, in his first run for public office, he upset state Sen. Doug Brandon.

In 1996, he narrowly defeated the front-runner in the Democratic primary runoff for the open 2nd District, then went on to claim the seat vacated by Democratic Rep. Ray Thornton, who did not seek re- election and ran for the Arkansas Supreme Court.

Snyder, who has medical and law degrees, has a reputation as both a liberal and a maverick. He spent a year in Vietnam with the Marines, and served on medical missions in Thailand, Sudan, Sierra Leone and Honduras.

He supports the ban on assault weapons, wants to repeal Arkansas' sodomy law, and fought legislation requiring young people to be fingerprinted when they got their driver's licenses, calling it an infringement on liberty and privacy.

He cites his credentials as an environmentalist, noting his efforts to stop gravel mining in some environmentally sensitive areas. He is a member of the Arkansas Wildlife Federation, Arkansas Audubon Society and Ducks Unlimited.

Snyder opposes a balanced-budget constitutional amendment but favors balancing the budget. He wants the Pentagon to shoulder substantial spending cuts, mentioning the B-2 stealth bomber as a program that should be trimmed. He is in a position to work toward trimming the defense budget from his perch on the House National Security Committee.

Snyder favors some targeted tax cuts, including a break for college tuition and for health insurance for the self-employed.

After Thornton announced his retirement, prosecuting attorney Mark Stodola entered the 2nd District race to front-runner status. Snyder and John Edwards, a former aide to retiring Sen. David Pryor, also sought the seat.

Stodola cemented his front-runner position in the primary, receiving 48 percent of the vote. Snyder was 16 points behind. But in the runoff, Snyder edged Stodola by 3 points.

Snyder ran an unconventional campaign, limiting his campaigning and fundraising to the 90 days before the primary. He talked about how he refused to participate in the state legislative pension plan, and pledged not to take a congressional pension unless that system was changed.

Stodola had tried to position himself to the right of Snyder, talking about his efforts to fight crime, but Snyder did not let him push him too far from the center. Snyder cited his support for small business, his efforts in the state legislature to pass legislation keeping violent criminals in jail, and his work to enact underage drinking laws and to repeal the state sales tax on food.

The Republican nominee was Bud Cummins, a businessman and lawyer. Cummins won the nomination by defeating Bill Powell, who was the Republican standard-bearer in 1994 and hoped for a second chance in 1996. Powell had polled 43 percent of the vote against Thornton in that 1994 contest, giving Republicans hope that they could capture the open seat this time around.Snyder embraced the general Democratic themes in the fall campaign, pledging to oppose efforts to cut Medicare, education and environmental protection.

Cummins tried to portray Snyder as too liberal, citing his efforts to repeal the sodomy laws. He said it was an indication that Snyder embraced the gay-lesbian agenda. Snyder said that he opposed the sodomy laws because he considered them an invasion of privacy, not because he was fighting for gay rights. He said his effort to repeal the sodomy laws was not a top priority but just one of more than 100 legislative initiatives he had been involved in during his tenure in the state legislature.

Snyder accused Cummins of going negative because he was trailing in opinion polls. Indeed, Cummins never posed a serious threat until the race tightened at the end and by then it was too late.

© 1997, Congressional Quarterly Inc. All rights reserved.

To purchase CQ's authoritative New Member Special Report, a comprehensive first look at the new 105th Congress, visit the CQ Mall.

AllPolitics home page


Copyright © 1997 AllPolitics All Rights Reserved
Terms under which this information is provided to you