What is a menstrual cup, as seen in 'The Last of Us'?

In episode six of "The Last of Us," Ellie (Bella Ramsey) is given a menstrual cup.

(CNN)Menstruation is a fact of life, but have you ever wondered how you'd deal with it in an apocalypse? Luckily for us, the hit HBO show "The Last of Us" has the answer: a menstrual cup.

In the latest episode, "Kin," Pedro Pascal's character, Joel, is reunited with his brother Tommy (Gabriel Luna), with teenager Ellie -- played by Bella Ramsey -- in tow. Joel and Ellie spend some time with Tommy and his partner Maria (Rutina Wesley), who lays out vital supplies for any zombie-dodging girl -- clothes and a menstrual cup. (HBO, like CNN, is a unit of Warner Bros. Discovery.)

But what is a menstrual cup?

    Just like a tampon, a menstrual cup is inserted into the vagina during menstruation. But rather than absorbing the blood like a tampon, the medical-grade-silicone cup collects it. The cup forms a seal around the cervix to prevent leakage, Gareth Nye, senior lecturer in physiology and maternal health specialist at Chester Medical School in England, told CNN on Monday.
      A cup can go for up to 12 hours before needing to be emptied.
      The cup has a stem underneath that helps with insertion and removal. When it is full, it can be emptied directly into the toilet. The cup is then rinsed or wiped with toilet paper before being reinserted. It should be given a deeper clean between periods.
        A menstrual cup can go up to 12 hours before being emptied (depending on how heavy the menstrual flow is and the type of cup) and can last up to 10 years. Nye says this makes it a better option from both an environmental and a financial point of view.

        Why don't more people use them?

          Menstrual cups are not a new invention -- in fact, they have been around since the 1930s.
          But a 2019 analysis published in the medical journal The Lancet Public Health found that that only 30% of the observed 69 international websites offering materials on puberty mentioned them a an option.
          "It's a lack of education," said Dr. Shirin Lakhani, a former general practitioner, now a cosmetic doctor and women's sexual health specialist based in Kent, southeast England.
          Speaking to CNN on Monday, Lakhani said we belong to a "throwaway society," where if something like a sanitary product is reusable, it isn't considered hygienic.
          "I think more education is needed around that in schools" on their benefits and how to use them, she added.
          Nye acknowledged that there were some downsides to using a cup, such as the "steep" learning curve on figuring out the "right fit," the potential messiness, and squeamishness about dealing with blood. But there is also still a "taboo" that makes it difficult to discuss alternative products.
          "When you talk about women's health, it's all the stigma associated with it -- you're taught to be embarrassed," Lakhani explained.
          It's 2021 and women around the world are still struggling to safely manage their periods