President Joe Biden speaks about threats to democracy ahead of next week's midterm elections, Wednesday, Nov. 2, 2022, at the Columbus Club in Union Station, near the U.S. Capitol in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
CNN  — 

President Joe Biden warned about threats to democracy should Republicans take Congress as he returned to the campaign trail to stump for Democratic Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham in what is poised to be one of his final western campaign stops of the midterms.

The rally in Albuquerque, New Mexico, was aimed at boosting a key ally locked in one of the marquee gubernatorial races of the cycle. While Biden’s remarks mostly focused on the economy, he repeated a message from the previous night that democracy is under attack.

“They’re going after your right to vote and who’s going to count the vote,” Biden said of Republicans, adding that “democracy is on the ballot.”

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  • The president called out several Republicans by name – including House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy and Florida Sen. Rick Scott – for their positions on Social Security and Medicare, calling them “reckless and irresponsible.”

    “Five days – five days to go until the most important election in our lifetime,” Biden told the audience. “So much is changing. This is not a referendum, this is a choice – a choice between two vastly different visions for America.”

    The president’s visit underscores the high political stakes for Democrats as they look to keep as many governor’s mansions in their control, in a midterm election that has largely focused on the question of whether Biden’s party will be able to keep control of Congress – and if not, how much it might be able to minimize its losses.

    It marks the third time in as many weeks that the president has dropped into typically Democratic territory where his party’s gubernatorial nominees are facing tough races.

    Last week, the president touted manufacturing investments in Syracuse, New York, alongside Gov. Kathy Hochul, who is in a tighter-than-expected reelection race against Republican US Rep. Lee Zeldin. Hochul will get an additional boost Thursday when she appears with Vice President Kamala Harris and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton at a get-out-the-vote event in New York City.

    In early October, Biden made his way to Portland, Oregon, where his party’s gubernatorial nominee – Tina Kotek – hopes to retain Democratic control in a close three-way fight for the governor’s seat

    “The role of governors in America is increasing exponentially in terms of how the states function and the roles they play,” Biden said at a fundraising event for Kotek.

    Debt relief in the spotlight

    In an appearance at Central New Mexico Community College before the rally, the president discussed his administration’s efforts to lower college costs and assist student borrowers, also warning of the consequences if Republican officials succeed in their plan to unravel Biden’s debt relief plan.

    Biden’s plan for student debt relief has been one of the administration’s moves that Democrats hope will motivate younger voters to get to the polls before next week’s midterm elections.

    Nearly 26 million people have submitted their information to the Department of Education to be considered for loan forgiveness, according to the White House, with 16 million applications expected to be approved by the end of the week.

    “Our student loan program is designed to give just a little more breathing room, a little breathing room,” Biden said in his Thursday remarks at the college. “This is a game changer for so many people. We’re hearing from people all over the country about how easy it is to apply.”

    However, the president’s student loan forgiveness program remains tied up in the courts, creating uncertainty over when or if that relief will ultimately be extended to applicants.

    A federal appeals court put a temporary hold on the student loan forgiveness program last month, pausing its implementation while the court considers a challenge brought by six Republican-led states. The Biden administration has argued it should be able to carry out its policy while the appeal plays out.

    The administration is also facing lawsuits from Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich, and conservative groups such as the Job Creators Network Foundation and the Cato Institute.

    Biden on Thursday brought up the predicament those 16 million applicants en route to approval face, saying that though they “should be seeing relief in the coming days,” that relief is on hold “because Republican members of the Congress (and) Republican governors are doing everything they can – including taking us to court – to deny the relief … even to their own constituents.”

    He continued: “Their outrage is just simply wrong. And I might add, not to be too political here, but hypocritical. We are fighting them in court. We’re not letting them get away with it.”

    The president has expressed confidence his plan will be upheld by the courts, predicting student loan borrowers will begin receiving relief within weeks.

    Speaking about Republicans, who have argued that the plan is too costly and could make inflation worse, the president said at a campaign rally in Miami Gardens, Florida, on Monday, “They moaned and groaned about it and they challenged it in court, which they’re going to lose.”

    Biden made his latest student debt relief pitch at a community college where more than a third of students are Pell Grant recipients and more than half of students are Latino. The president also highlighted the state’s Opportunity Scholarship Program, which provides tuition free college for eligible New Mexico residents.

    Lujan Grisham, Sen. Ben Ray Lujan and Rep. Melanie Stansbury were in attendance along with New Mexico Community College President Tracy Hartzler.

    The speech in New Mexico followed a similar event last month when the president traveled to Delaware State University, one of the country’s historically black colleges and universities, to promote his loan forgiveness plan as officials have hoped the issue will motivate young voters heading into the midterm elections.

    Governors playing key roles

    The results of the Senate and House races next week – and whether the midterms will ultimately hand Republicans control of Congress – will be pivotal in determining what the second half of Biden’s presidency will look like.

    With the narrowest of majorities in Congress during his first two years in office, the president has been able to enact some of his most important legislative priorities – from a sweeping infrastructure package to a major health care, tax and climate change bill signed into law just this year. Democrats openly acknowledge that without the House or the Senate in their control, legislative victories will be near-impossible to come by in the next session of Congress.

    Still, Democratic officials are also eager to note the outsized roles that governors across the country also play in enacting key pieces of the White House’s agenda.

    “When you talk about the Senate and the House, it’s: Do you keep the majority or not?” said David Turner, communications director for the Democratic Governor’s Association. “When you’re talking about a governor, it’s: Is someone going help you move your agenda, especially the popular parts of your agenda, forward?”

    And while the political rally that Biden will headline on Thursday will most prominently feature Lujan Grisham, there are also competitive House races in New Mexico that officials hope will stand to benefit significantly from a high-profile visit from the president.

    “Even though he’s going to campaign for the governor, he can help and bring energy to the down ballot races,” said one Democratic official close to the White House. “The name of the game right now is how do you get your voters to turn out.”

    CNN’s Maegan Vazquez and Sam Fossum contributed to this report.