Editor’s Note: Art Acevedo is a CNN law enforcement analyst. He served as police chief in Austin, Houston and Miami, during a career in law enforcement spanning three and a half decades. Acevedo has been active in the national debate over police reform and public safety, including his call for a national standard on the use of force by police officers. The views expressed in this commentary are his own. View more opinion on CNN.
My colleagues in our profession — retired and active police chiefs and officers — have spent a lot of time talking about the terrible shooting in Uvalde.
The last thing that law enforcement needs right now is another black eye, and it got one with the police response at that elementary school. Just about every cop I’ve talked to is pretty sick about the police response. Tragically, 19 children and two teachers were killed in the May 24 shooting at Robb Elementary School.
Collectively, we in law enforcement hurt because in Uvalde, we failed. We failed the children. We failed the teachers. We failed the families.
In policing, we have what’s called the “fatal funnel” — the physical area where the bullets are going to come flying when an officer responds to an active shooting scene.
In Uvalde, the fatal funnel was the entryway to that classroom where the gunman was shooting those little kids. The police knew that when they popped that door to enter that classroom they would have to enter that fatal funnel. Someone was going to have to put their life on the line.
I hate to say it, but losing officers is sometimes part of the job. We take an oath to protect and serve, even if it means risking our own lives, rather than swerve from the path of duty.
After the shooting in Uvalde, police had to assume that there were a lot of wounded, innocent children inside those classrooms. Their duty was to gain access to those classrooms at all costs, neutralize the threat and take those children out of that classroom. Their task was to get those shooting victims to trauma centers and to try to save them.
In a mass shooting situation, you never operate under the assumption that everybody’s dead unless you know that for a fact. You have to assume that people are wounded and require medical attention. The only way that shooting victims are going to get help is for police to confront the threat and neutralize it.
By not going in, the police in Uvalde absolutely made the wrong call.
You cannot fail to do whatever it takes to enter those classrooms. If you can’t go in through one door, find another one. If you can’t go in through the door, go through a window. And if you can’t go through the window, crash through the drywall.
In dealing with trauma, we have what’s been called a “golden hour” to help a shooting victim – a limited window of time to stop the bleeding, maintain an open airway and get victims to a hospital. So, the decision by the police in Uvalde not to enter that classroom for nearly an hour was absolutely the wrong decision.
But even as we quite appropriately put a lot of focus on the police response, we also need to look at the failures of leadership by our elected officials — failures that created the circumstances that required a police response in the first place.
How was it that a troubled kid with homicidal thoughts was able to walk into a gun store right after his 18th birthday to buy assault rifles and high-capacity magazines with hundreds of rounds?
In this country, we’ve raised the smoking age to 21. We’ve raised the drinking age to 21. And yet, we still have a lot of states where 18-year-olds can buy weapons of war — weapons that use ammunition designed to inflict the greatest amount of damage to the human body.
We need a comprehensive approach to dealing with the scourge of mass shootings in our country. If the law had prohibited the shooter from purchasing the firearms until he was 21, he would have never been able to wreak the carnage that he did.
There’s also been a lot of chatter about those 19 police officers — who were in the hallway of the school awaiting orders to enter the classroom — being cowards. But as far as I understand, some of those officers felt frustrated. They didn’t agree with the decision.
I think the true cowards are the politicians who are afraid to put their political careers at risk to do the right thing. They could do something as simple as supporting universal background checks, or supporting robust red flag laws across the entire nation. Or they could support raising the age that someone should be able to buy weapons of war like the one used in Uvalde, from 18 to 21.
Instead, they’ve been talking about putting more police in the schools. But if 19 “good guys with a gun” standing out in the hall of that school couldn’t get the job done stopping a heavily armed shooter, then clearly arming police in the schools is not the solution.
What we need is a comprehensive approach to deal with the scourge not just of mass shooters, but everyday gun violence.
Our elected officials have not just the authority, but the moral obligation to do something about the epidemic of gun violence. And yet, mass shooting after mass shooting, they’ve done nothing. These politicians focus more on winning the next primary than passing effective policy. They’re afraid to lose their power, and they place keeping that power and their own interests ahead of actually saving lives.
The epic failure by police in Uvalde to meet the requirements of dealing with that horrific event calls attention to another problem: At some point, we have to rethink our policing model.
Across our country, we have 18,000 separate police departments, a number that is simply way too big. Do you really need a six-officer police force in the Uvalde school district? I think the ineffectiveness of the response to the shooting gives you your answer. This model is truly the most inefficient policing model in the free world.
In the end, a team of tactical officers from the Border Patrol and local police agencies breached the door and killed the shooter. But think about all of the police agencies that responded — some news reports said there were dozens of law enforcement agencies at that chaotic scene, each with their individual leadership cadre. Think of how all that commotion would have led to confusion and hesitation.
It would be wise to consider consolidating police services, instead of having 18,000 decentralized police departments with 18,000 separate chains of command and sets of policies. Consolidating police agencies committed to a regional approach to law enforcement would greatly improve efficiency, effectiveness and consistency — and we would achieve budgetary savings as well.
That said, with all those police, and the school district chief making the wrong call, I would have hoped that other leaders on that scene would have pulled rank and taken command. Sadly, that appears not to have happened. A mass shooting event exceeds the capability of a six-man department. You can worry about jurisdiction later, but when lives are on the line, you just have to take action.
The school district police chief who was in charge of leading the response, Pedro “Pete” Arredondo, hasn’t had much to say publicly about the shooting. He declined efforts on Wednesday by a CNN reporter to elicit more details about his decision-making during the incident.
Policing is more challenging than ever. Police in the United States face weaponry that officers don’t encounter in most civilized Western nations. But ultimately, whether they’re able to effectively do the job is determined by whether they have the proper training and supervision, so that right decisions get made — including decisions about using the right equipment in the right circumstances and in the appropriate manner.
We also need to take a good hard look at our gun laws such as “open carry” in my home state of Texas where people frequently walk around publicly displaying long guns. Some people talk about openly carrying these weapons being their “God-given right.” I’m still looking for that part of the Bible where it says, “On the eighth day, the Good Lord said, ‘Let them have guns.’” It’s not there.
It hurts me to say it, but in this country, we’re heading in the wrong direction: If you add up all the fatalities from mass shootings and those who sustained life-altering injuries -— not to mention those who die as a result of accidental death and suicide — the numbers are staggering.
More people are dying every day, but we’re so numb to gun violence, that we just accept it. We must take action to enact common sense gun safety legislation and we must hold those who use guns to commit violent crimes accountable.
And the public also has a responsibility: Addressing gun violence needs to become the single most important legislative issue for voters.
Americans need to make it a litmus test issue when they go to the polls. They need to hold politicians’ feet to the fire on the issue of solving our gun crisis, because ultimately it’s about our elected officials’ common sense, good judgment and moral decency — or lack thereof.
Until our society addresses these issues, we’re going to be having heartbreaking conversations like the ones emerging from Uvalde for many years to come.