A version of this story appeared in the May 13 edition of CNN’s Coronavirus: Fact vs. Fiction newsletter. Sign up here to receive the need-to-know headlines every weekday.

CNN  — 

America may be inching closer to herd immunity, with 17 million more people becoming eligible for a Covid-19 vaccine.

CVS pharmacies and some hospitals across the United States will start administering the Pfizer-BioNTech shots to 12- to 15-year-olds today, following a recommendation by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

It’s yet another major step in America’s road out of the pandemic. While severe illness due to Covid-19 is relatively rare among teens, they can still spread the virus – and their inclusion in the vaccination program is key for any hope of achieving herd immunity.

But as the focus in the US shifts to inoculating younger people and convincing those who are hesitant to get the shot, much of the rest of the world is struggling to get vaccines even for those who need them the most, including vulnerable people and healthcare workers.

India, which is struggling to contain its worst coronavirus outbreak, suspended vaccinations for people aged between 18-44 in two states and the union territory of Delhi yesterday, because of shortages.

That announcement is even more worrying because India is the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer and a key supplier for COVAX, the vaccine-sharing initiative that provides free and discounted doses for lower-income countries.

In late March, in a desperate attempt to curb infection, the Indian government restricted the export of Covid-19 vaccines from its giant manufacturing hubs, to meet some of the country’s more urgent needs.

The struggle is now having ripple effects across the developing world. The World Health Organization said last week that COVAX needs 20 million doses by the end of June to cover the shortfall.


Q: How can a parent be sure that Pfizer-BioNTech’s vaccine won’t affect their child?

A: The long war against Covid-19 stands at a critical stage. Hope for an eradication or elimination is a towering aspiration. Herd immunity, meanwhile, is a moving target that requires many things to go right – and stay right – experts say.

Here’s what the terms mean:

Herd immunity requires a certain percentage of people to be infected or vaccinated to stop the spread, but experts say it depends on the herd, or community, as well as its density, the number of susceptible people and other factors.

Eradication is the unicorn of infectious disease. It’s been achieved only twice: with rinderpest and smallpox.

Elimination is more common. It’s when cases are reduced to zero or near zero in a specific area, owing to continual efforts to prevent transmission. In the US, examples of diseases that have been largely wiped out include measles, rubella and diphtheria. The key word is “largely.” Measles demonstrates the tentative nature of elimination if control measures aren’t maintained.

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Nepal’s Covid-19 crisis deepens

Scenes in India, of funeral pyres and people lining up outside hospitals, are being replicated in Nepal, where hospitals are running out of oxygen and turning away patients.

Just a month ago, the Himalayan nation of 31 million was reporting about 100 Covid-19 cases a day. On Tuesday, it reported 9,483 new cases and 225 virus-related fatalities, according to its health ministry – the highest single-day death toll since the pandemic began.

Critics say public complacency and government inaction likely worsened Nepal’s coronavirus outbreak. Public anger has now forced the country’s Prime Minister to step down. K. P. Sharma Oli – who touted unproven coronavirus remedies and attended crowded events even as cases rose – was removed from his position after losing a vote of confidence on Monday.

Mixing Covid-19 vaccines tied to more side effects, early UK data suggests

People who got mixed doses of coronavirus vaccines – receiving a different second vaccine type than the first dose – appear to be more likely to experience mild side effects such as fever, chills, fatigue or headache, researchers in the UK reported yesterday.

But the side effects following mix-and-match vaccinations were short-lived and there were no other safety concerns, the researchers reported in the Lancet medical journal.

Olympic host towns in Japan are canceling deals to host athletes

Dozens of Olympic “host towns” have canceled deals to accommodate athletes for the upcoming Summer Olympics in Tokyo due to Covid-19 concerns. At least 35 out of 528 host towns have pulled out of their agreements, Yasuhiro Omori, an official with the Olympics and Paralympics Cabinet Office told CNN.

The anti-Olympics campaign is gaining traction in Japan. An online petition calling for the games to be canceled has garnered almost 200,000 signatures in just a few days. However, the International Olympic Committee said they are moving ahead as planned.

A "No Olympics" banner is displayed during a protest against the Tokyo 2021 Games.


  • The Covid-19 pandemic “could have been prevented” if the world had acted sooner, according to a report commissioned by WHO.
  • The CDC has received reports of fewer than 10,000 “breakthrough” Covid-19 infections in vaccinated people.
  • California Gov. Gavin Newsom said the state will effectively end the mask mandate when it fully reopens next month.
  • New Zealand may open its borders to inoculated travelers before it has completed its own vaccine rollout, according to Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern.
  • People in Taiwan are rushing to get vaccinated after the country’s Covid-19 cases rose to a single-day high of 16.
  • The Maldives has temporarily suspended arrivals from South Asian countries.
  • The risk of dying from Covid-19 is 40 times higher than that of getting a rare blood clot after receiving the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, a CNN analysis shows.


As the Pfizer-BioNTech shot becomes available to US teens, parents will be deciding whether to get their children vaccinated. We turned to CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen to get her advice and to answer some commonly asked questions that parents have about the vaccine.

Wen is an emergency physician and visiting professor of health policy and management at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health.

Her first suggestion? “Talk to your child. More than likely, he or she has a strong opinion,” she said.