Noor Kayas wanted more from life than was possible in a crowded refugee camp in Bangladesh.

She fled home to escape violence. Now she's been lost at sea for two months

Updated 6:32 AM ET, Tue April 27, 2021

(CNN)Noor Kayas fled the refugee camp without telling anyone at home.

At sea the next morning, the teenager used a satellite phone to call her mother, Gule Jaan, 43, to say she was heading for Malaysia on a small wooden boat, packed with 87 Rohingya refugees, including 65 women and girls.
Some were fleeing what their families say is the increased risk of sexual assault and rape during the pandemic in the sprawling refugee camps of Cox's Bazar, in Bangladesh, home to more than 1 million displaced people.
The 16-year-old asked her mother to pay 40,000 taka ($470) to the trafficker for her passage to Malaysia, where she hoped to have a better life. Her mother was still arranging the payment when families of other passengers on board received a call to say the boat's engine had failed.
They had been at sea for just five days. Now, more than two months later, the boat is missing.
"Please, can someone let me know if my daughter is alive or dead?" said Jaan. "She is a good girl and was lured by the trafficker to go on the boat."
Gule Jaan worries for her daughter who boarded a boat bound for Malaysia on February 11.
The passengers' families and rights groups are asking why more isn't being done to save the lives of those on board.
They say Indian authorities were alerted to the passengers' desperate cries for help on February 20, but took 48 hours to respond with medicines, food and water.
While they waited, nine people died, the families said.
Indian authorities said they last delivered aid to the boat in mid-March, and have not responded to requests for more information on their dealings with the vessel after that date. They did not allow anyone to disembark.
The boat's disappearance is compounding the misery of families in Cox's Bazar, where lax security is allowing militants to enter the camps at night to attack women and girls, according to rights groups.
Over the past year, the UNHCR said more women and girls have boarded rickety vessels to flee sexual violence within the camps -- a trend likely to continue as the coup across the border in Myanmar makes returning home an even more distant prospect.

The journey

The refugees' voyage began in the early hours of February 11 from the shores of Teknaf in Bangladesh, where most on board had wound up after fleeing a violent crackdown by Myanmar's military in 2017.
Three traffickers were also on board, according to family members who spoke with the passengers.
  • Timeline of boat's journey

  • February 2021

    11th: Boat leaves Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh with 90 passengers and crew.

    16th: Boat's engine fails at sea.

    20th: Boat sails near Indian waters and first call to help to Indian authorities is made.

    21st (day): A ship with an Indian flag goes past the boat but doesn't stop for help. Five people die on the boat that day.

    21st (evening): Two helicopters fly over the boat. A few hours later, two Indian Coast Guard ships appear on either side of the vessel. No contact is made and they leave without providing aid. Three more people die that day. One person jumps after the ship and goes missing.

    22nd (3 p.m.): Indian Coast Guard ships return and provide food and water to the passengers, but they are not allowed to disembark.

  • March 2021

    Mid-March: Indian authorities provided aid to the vessel until this date, but did not respond to further questions.


Source: Passengers' families, UNHCR, India Ministry of External Affairs

The boat had enough supplies for a week, the time it would usually take to travel from Teknaf to Malaysia, they said.
Bigger boats often used for this type of trip have desalination machines to convert salt water to drinking water. But this boat was smaller, and did not have such a machine, according to the passengers' families.
After the boat's engine stopped on February 16, food and water supplies ran low. Over the next few days, the boat drifted closer to Indian waters.
On the morning of February 20, Shah Alam, a 23-year-old ethnic Rohingya Muslim refugee, called his brother in Cox's Bazar. He said the boat was in the Bay of Bengal and there wasn't anything to drink. "Brother, where can I get water to drink?" he asked.
Passengers also called non-profit organizations and journalists for help.
Their families said the GPS coordinates sent from the satellite phone placed the boat a few nautical miles from Indian Coast Guard headquarters in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands -- an Indian territory in the Bay of Bengal.
Several NGOs immediately informed authorities in India and Bangladesh, including the Indian Ministry of External Affairs and Indian Coast Guard.
The next day, on February 21, a ship with Indian flags passed the boat, but did not stop, the passengers told their families via satellite phone.
The same evening, two helicopters hovered near the boat, close enough for passengers to read the writing on the side. "INDIA," it said.