Ask a Black therapist: 5 tips to support Black mental health during the Derek Chauvin trial

The evidence surrounding George Floyd's death is distressing for African Americans—and especially excruciating for Black men.  There are a number of therapists, organizations and resources providing support.

(CNN)"There is a difference between being informed and getting retraumatized."

That's what clinical therapist Paul Bashea Williams tells himself and his clients as they struggle with the distressing images now resurfacing during the Derek Chauvin trial.
The proceeding churns up a persistent trauma. The replay of George Floyd's final moments can feel inescapable, leaving many feeling raw, vulnerable and without relief. There are places you can turn for immediate help.
      The Suicide Prevention Lifeline —1-800-273-8255
          The National Alliance on Mental Illness — 1-800-950-NAMI (6264)
          While the evidence surrounding Floyd's death is distressing for most audiences, it is overwhelming for African Americans — and especially excruciating for Black men who see their very humanity reflected in him.
          "Sometimes you are visualizing you," says Williams, lead clinician and owner of Hearts in Mind Counseling in Prince George's County and Montgomery County in Maryland. 90 percent of his clients identify as Black.
          In the immediate aftermath of George Floyd's murder, and now during Chauvin's trial, African Americans are fighting harder than ever to protect and prioritize their mental health.
          And Black men and women are exhausted.

          Caught between hope and hopelessness

          According to Williams, his clients are continuously cycling through feelings of hope and hopelessness. While many hope for justice, they are also bracing for disappointment, one that feels familiar when unarmed Black men and women are killed by police officers.
          Williams also points out the secondary trauma African Americans experience from the images and video surrounding Floyd's death.
          "It is the emotional and psychological effects experienced through vicarious exposure to the details of traumatic experiences of others," he says.
          Among the private concerns Black men have shared with Williams are "feeling anxiety around leaving the house" and "depression over not having control over one's life."
          As the trial continues, Williams offers five tips to individualize care during the trial.

          Tip 1: Create safeguards around watching the trial

          "I want to give permission to people to not watch," Williams says about the trial.
          And as the nonstop coverage rolls across TV, phones and computers, he suggests setting limits. As a Black man, husband and father, the therapist practices the same care he recommends to his clients. "I had to set up boundaries to be able to show up for my son, my dad, my wife — my clients especially, who came in and were struggling."
          Williams says some struggled with not watching news coverage when Floyd was killed. Some felt as if they were letting the Black community down and not standing in solidarity.
          Paul Bashea Williams LSCW, LICSW, is the owner and lead clinician of Hearts in Mind Counseling based in Prince George's County and Montgomery County in Maryland.
          But for those struggling to watch the trial, he suggests reminding yourself, "I don't have to be inside the courtroom."
          And, for those feeling guilty about not watching, he recommends finding other ways to support social justice, without retraumatization. Possibilities can include political advocacy, being a listening ear for others, and donating time and money.
          "We have to pay attention to ourselves and not push through because we feel like we have to be there."

          Tip 2: Acknowledge your feelings

          In the midst of the trial, Williams' also suggests taking a moment to be present with yourself and to name the feelings and experiences you may be having. To begin, you can start with this question, "What am I experiencing now?"
          The answer to that question may be fatigue, headaches, feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, irritability, and anxiety. Emotional and physiological responses can be helpful gauges of knowing when enough is enough.
          "If I know what is happening in my environment, I can allow myself to make shifts," he says.

          Tip 3: Create community

          A trusted support team is helpful in gently identifying changes you may not readily see in your mood or behavior. The therapist is clear that one's self-care community must be grounded in relationships they can trust.
          Helpful communities can flourish online through group texts and at socially distanced meetings.

          Tip 4: Prioritize self-care with boundaries

          In his practice, Williams helps his clients identify ways to care for their mental health in their everyday lives. One way to do this individually is to take an internal inventory of moments when you historically experienced joy.
          Williams mentions that, culturally, Black individuals are often taught to care for others ahead of themselves, while balancing the pressures that come with daily life.
          "We have to have self-advocacy. We have to prioritize ourselves," he says. "And it is not selfish."