Mars has always captured our imagination in books and film

Published 5:30 PM ET, Fri February 19, 2021
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Gary Lockwood talks to Keir Dullea in a scene from the 1968 film "2001: A Space Odyssey," which was produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/Moviepix/Getty Images
The movie, "2001: A Space Odyssey," is based on Arthur C. Clarke's 1968 book of the same name. (It was published the same year the movie was released.) Penguin Random House
Tom Cruise and Dakota Fanning starred in "War of the Worlds," a 2005 film in which extraterrestrials invade Earth. Paramount Pictures
The movie was loosely based on H.G. Wells book, "The War of the Worlds," which supposed that there is life on Mars. Penguin Random House
The 1953 film "Invaders from Mars" starred Helena Carter and Jimmy Hunt. Courtesy Everett Collection
The 1996 "Mars Attacks!" movie was directed by Tim Burton. Warner Bros/Kobal/Shutterstock
Edgar Rice Burroughs imagined that a time portal connected Earth and Mars (which he called Barsoom) in his 1914 book, "The Gods of Mars." Penguin Random House
Matt Damon starred as an American astronaut stranded alone on Mars in the 2015 film, "The Martian." Twentieth Century Fox
"The Martian" movie was based on the 2011 book of the same name by Andy Weir. Penguin Random House
Kim Stanley Robinson's 1990s "Mars Trilogy" suggests that we can start to colonize Mars by terraforming and creating an oxygenated atmosphere. Penguin Random House
Ray Bradbury's 1950 novel "The Martian Chronicles" envisions suburban Earth transposed to Mars. Simon & Schuster