London CNN  — 

The hopes of millions of Britons that Covid-19 restrictions would be eased over Christmas were dashed on Saturday, after scientists warned a new variant of the virus is spreading more quickly than others.

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a series of stricter coronavirus restrictions, tightening rules around household mixing that were due to be relaxed over Christmas in England, while leaders in Scotland and Wales also introduced more stringent measures. The UK has among the highest Covid death rates in Europe, with more than 67,000 fatalities, and over 2 million cases.

The PM broke the news that London, and large parts of southern and eastern England, where cases are surging, will enter Tier 4 restrictions, similar to a lockdown, on Sunday.

“The spread is being driven by the new variant of the virus,” Johnson said in a hastily called press conference. “It appears to spread more easily and may be up to 70% more transmissable than the earlier strain.”

England’s chief medical officer, Professor Chris Whitty, warned Saturday that a newly identified variant of Covid-19 “can spread more quickly” than previous strains of the virus.

Analysis from Luke McGee

  • It was only on Wednesday that Boris Johnson was attacking the leader of the opposition, Keir Starmer, for wanting to “cancel Christmas,” before delivering a press conference in which he informed the public that if they wanted to celebrate Christmas with loved ones, on their head be it.
  • This sudden change of policy just days before Christmas and three days before Johnson’s special Christmas rules came into effect is a political minefield for a Prime Minister whose handling of the pandemic has been attacked by all sides.
  • For his opponents, a U-turn this late in the day will typify Johnson’s habit of resisting taking hard action, which they attribute to his reluctance to be the bearer of bad news. Critics can reasonably point to multiple examples of the PM ignoring Starmer’s calls to introduce stricter measures, only to do exactly that days or weeks later.
  • For his critics inside the Conservative Party who have been uncomfortable with impinging on people’s freedoms and liberties since the start of the pandemic, this is more evidence that Johnson is an indecisive leader beholden to his scientific advisers.
  • And to the public, whether they believe it was down to his inaction or indecision, Johnson will now always be remembered as the PM who canceled Christmas for so many. Downing Street must now pray that this urgent action is enough to prevent what many suspected would happen: thousands more deaths on top 65,000 the UK has already experienced.

    “This is now spreading very fast,” Johnson warned. “It is with a very heavy heart that I say we cannot continue with Christmas as planned.”

    Johnson outlined that in Tier 4 areas under the toughest restrictions, there will be no possibility for household mixing over Christmas. In areas under lower alert levels in England, Scotland and Wales, mixing will now be permitted only on Christmas Day.

    Alert Level 4 restrictions will be brought forward to apply across Wales from midnight, the country’s First Minister Mark Drakeford announced Saturday, meaning that “festive bubbles” can be formed only on Christmas Day, PA Media reported. Under Alert Level 4, people must stay at home except for very limited purposes, and must not meet other households or people they do not live with, while many businesses are required to close.

    Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon on Saturday said a strict travel ban would be implemented throughout the Christmas period north of the border, warning that people from Scotland should not visit other parts of the UK, and vice versa.

    “In order to reduce the risk of more of the coronavirus strain being imported into Scotland, we intend to maintain a strict travel ban between Scotland and the rest of the UK,” Sturgeon said.

    Meanwhile, the toughest level of coronavirus restrictions will be applied to all of mainland Scotland for three weeks from December 26, she added.

    No changes in restrictions in Northern Ireland, which is set to go into lockdown on Boxing Day, were announced.

    Critics lambast Johnson’s handling of pandemic

    As recently as this week, Johnson reiterated his pledge to relax rules over the Christmas period, allowing up to three households to mix for five days. But as of Saturday, the entire nation is being asked not to travel and those under the highest level of restrictions, will not be allowed to travel abroad except for work purposes.

    Keir Starmer, leader of the opposition Labour Party, criticized the government’s handling of the crisis, saying: “Many people will be heartbroken by the news that their Christmas plans are being ripped up.

    “I’m really frustrated because I raised this with the Prime Minister on Wednesday, and he dismissed that. He went on to tell people to have a ‘merry little Christmas,’ only three days later, to rip up their plans,” he said on Sky News.

    Hundreds of Londoners were pictured trying to leave the capital on Saturday, hours after UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson made his announcement, and by 7 p.m. local time on Saturday evening, there were no trains available online from several London stations including Paddington, Kings Cross and Euston.

    People wait on the concourse at Paddington Station in London on Saturday after the announcement that the capital would move into Tier 4 Covid-19 restrictions from midnight.

    London Mayor Sadiq Khan called the introduction of the restrictions “devastating” in an interview with the BBC, adding that scenes at London train stations “was a direct consequence of the chaotic way the announcement was made, and the late stage it was made.

    “I understand why people want to return to see their mums, dads, elderly relations, but I think it’s wrong,” he said.

    Experts urgently seek clarity on new variant of the virus

    According to Whitty, the new variant is responsible for 60% of infections in London, which have nearly doubled in the last week.

    Earlier, he said “urgent work” is underway to establish whether the new variant, prevalent in the southeast of England, can cause a higher mortality rate.

    “There is no current evidence to suggest the new variant causes a higher mortality rate or that it affects vaccines and treatments although urgent work is underway to confirm this,” Whitty said in a statement.

    As with other new variants or strains of Covid-19, this one carries a genetic fingerprint that makes it easy to track, and it happens to be one that is now common. That does not mean the mutation has made it spread more easily, nor does it not necessarily mean this variation is more dangerous.

    Multiple experts in the genetics and epidemiology of viruses are noting that this one could be just a “lucky” variant that’s been amplified because of a superspreader event; it could be the mutation somehow makes it spread more easily without causing more serious illness; or it could just be by chance.

    The government’s scientific advisory group for Covid-19 has also warned the new variant is a “real cause for concern,” and called for urgent action. On Twitter, Jeremy Farrar said, “Research is ongoing to understand more, but acting urgently now is critical. There is no part of the UK & globally that should not be concerned. As in many countries, the situation is fragile.”

    Whitty also urged people to take more precautions. “Given this latest development it is now more vital than ever that the public continue to take action in their area to reduce transmission,” he said.

    Daniel Altmann, Professor of Immunology at Imperial College London, said the emergence of a new variant of the virus strengthens the case for all to get vaccinated as soon as possible. “The vaccines induce neutralising antibodies to several parts of spike (“epitopes”) and most of these would be unchanged by the mutations – so the vaccines will still work,” the Science Media Centre reported.

    Dr. Michael Head, Senior Research Fellow in Global Health at University of Southampton, agreed that surging case numbers means that “dramatic interventions are essential.”

    “It has been obvious for some time that mixing of multiple households over the Christmas period will lead to a very difficult January,” he said. “Therefore, this level of restrictions is what should have been implemented at the time of the previous Christmas announcements, regardless of the impact of this new variant.”

    CNN’s Tara John contributed reporting.