Humanity is waging a 'suicidal' war on nature, UN chief warns

A woman looks at the destruction in Haulover, a community south of Bilwi in Nicaragua, on November 28, days after the passage of Hurricane Iota.

(CNN)UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres issued a searing indictment of humanity's "war" on the environment Wednesday, in a speech on the state of the planet in which he urged everyone to prioritize "making peace with nature."

"We are facing a devastating pandemic, new heights of global heating, new lows of ecological degradation and new setbacks in our work towards global goals for more equitable, inclusive and sustainable development," Guterres said in the address, delivered at Columbia University in New York.
"To put it simply, the state of the planet is broken."
Two authoritative new reports -- one from the World Meteorological Organization and the other from the United Nations Environment Programme -- "spell out how close we are to climate catastrophe," said Guterres.
    The UN chief laid out in stark terms the damage already done to the environment and warned that countries risked losing the opportunity afforded by the coronavirus pandemic to reset their priorities on climate change and environmental protections if they do not act now.
    "Humanity is waging war on nature. This is suicidal. Nature always strikes back -- and it is already doing so with growing force and fury," he said, as biodiversity collapses, species risk extinction, deserts spread and forests are lost.
    "Oceans are overfished -- and choking with plastic waste. The carbon dioxide they absorb is acidifying the seas. Coral reefs are bleached and dying," he said.
    "Air and water pollution are killing 9 million people annually -- more than six times the current toll of the pandemic. And with people and livestock encroaching further into animal habitats and disrupting wild spaces, we could see more viruses and other disease-causing agents jump from animals to humans."
    UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is pictured during a press briefing at the UN headquarters in New York.

    Melting sea ice

    The World Meteorological Organization's annual climate report, released Wednesday, reveals that this year is on track to be one of the three warmest on record globally, despite the cooling effects of La Niña.
    The most notable warmth was observed across northern Asia, particularly the Siberian Arctic, where temperatures were more than 5°C above average, according to the report.
    Ocean heat is at record levels and more than 80% of the global ocean experienced a marine heatwave at some time in 2020, it said, and Arctic sea ice for July and October 2020 was the lowest on record.
    Meanwhile, Death Valley in California reached 54.4°C on August 16, the highest known temperature in the world in at least the past 80 years, the report said.
    Against this backdrop, devastating fires, floods, cyclones and hurricanes "are increasingly the new normal," Guterres said.
    Carbon dioxide levels are at record highs and still rising, despite Covid-19 lockdowns temporarily reducing emissions, the UN chief said. Methane and nitrous oxide levels are also soaring above pre-industrial levels. And climate policies around the world "have yet to rise to the challenge," Guterres said.
    In this aerial view from a drone, taken in July 2020, meltwater carves a winding channel through the melting Longyearbreen glacier during a summer heat wave near Longyearbyen, Norway.