MLB tightens health and safety protocols following Covid-19 outbreaks

A general view of the Marlins logo in the outfield last year in Miami

(CNN)Major League Baseball has made several strict changes to its health and safety protocols in the wake of recent Covid-19 outbreaks, according to a league memo.

The memo, which was sent to clubs Wednesday, cites the Miami Marlins' outbreak.
"MLB investigators have now conducted a thorough investigation of the factors contributing to the spread of the virus within the Marlins traveling party, and our decision to revise the protocols ... is based on many of the things that we learned," the memo states.
The changes include reducing the size of traveling parties, requiring staff members and players to wear face coverings while on the road and prohibiting players and staff to meet in hotel rooms without special permission.
    Coronavirus-related postponements started after 21 members in the Marlin's organization, including 18 players, tested positive for the virus. The Philadelphia Phillies have also had several positive tests.
    And earlier this week, an outbreak among Cardinals' players and staff raised further questions about MLB's plans to safely hold the season amid the pandemic.
    Commissioner Rob Manfred warned union leader Tony Clark in a call last week that if the league and players don't do a better job of following Covid-19 protocols and managing the virus, Manfred could shut down the shortened season, ESPN reported.
    CNN has obtained a copy of the memo. It closes by saying: "We recognize that these changes place additional burdens and restrictions on players and staff. But if we desire to play, they are necessary to limit infections and, if someone does test positive, to keep the virus from spreading. The behavior of every Covered Individual affects the players and staff on his or her team, and on other Clubs as well. Everyone must be accountable for their own conduct because the careless or reckless actions of a few can impact the health and wellbeing of everyone."

    The changes are effective immediately

    -- "Clubs must reduce the size of their traveling parties to only personnel who are absolutely essential to playing games."Those traveling on road trips should serve an essential function. When large numbers of people are traveling, at least four buses will be provided to ensure there's a physical distance between passengers. Clubs should also ensure there's distance between those traveling on airplanes and not seat more than two people in a row.
    -- "All staff and players must wear face coverings at all times in the hotel on the road (except when alone in their rooms), and at all times when in public places while traveling on the road.
    Surgical face masks or N95/KN95 respirators should be used on buses and airplanes.
    -- "While we are not at this time banning eating and drinking on planes, players and staff must be mindful of limiting the amount of time they remove their masks for purposes of eating and drinking."
    No one should be conversing with others while they're eating or drinking and members traveling together should not eat or drink at the same time as others in their row.
    -- "Staff and players may not meet for any reason in hotel rooms while on the road (including to share food), and may not gather in any public areas of the hotel without permission from the Club's Compliance Officer.
    Players and staff will each have at least one private room (for example, a ballroom) with food and amenities so that teams can stay socially distant. At least one person should be making sure guidelines are followed, including those on face coverings and talking to others while eating.
    -- "Staff and players must notify their Club's Compliance Officer if they intend to leave the hotel on the road for any reason. The Compliance Officer will notify staff and players if their planned trip outside the hotel complies with the Manual and the Club's Code of Conduct based on the nature of the activity and the level of risk it presents."
    -- "When at home, staff members and players are prohibited from visiting bars, lounges, malls, or other places in which larger groups of people gather."
      Players or Club staff who violate protocols and refuse to wear a face covering when required could be prohibited from the 2020 season and postseason.
      "The Commissioner's Office will send written warnings prior to any such action being taken," the memo says.