It didn’t take long after stay-at-home orders for many of us to start getting crafty. First came sourdough and banana bread, but as the weather warmed, we started looking outdoors. Many people are finding social distancing a powerful motivator to start growing their food for the first time. And getting started is a lot easier than you might think. The rest, you can learn as you — and your garden — grow.
YouTuber and blogger CaliKim, who wrote “Organic Gardening for Everyone,” has inspired countless gardeners. She recommends being clear about your reasons for starting a garden to stay motivated. And don’t expect magic overnight: New gardeners may find it challenging to grow enough food to significantly reduce trips to the store. But they will get the benefits of always having fresh herbs at the ready early on.
How does your garden grow?
The first step is, of course, setting up your garden. While home gardens come in nearly infinite shapes and sizes, there are three basic categories: indoor gardens, container gardens on a patio or porch, and backyard gardens. Even if a big backyard is available, a small garden may feel like a more sensible way to start. In fact, many gardeners have a mix of containers, plots and kitchen herbs. Growing space also doesn’t necessarily limit what to grow: A small porch can be home to several lush tomato plants, for example. Playing around with it and experimenting is half the fun.
Indoor garden ideas
Even an apartment dweller can start a garden at home. In fact, one of CaliKim’s favorite first-time growing projects, a head of lettuce, can grow indoors. Containers, potting soil and seeds are all that’s needed to get started. To keep costs low, use existing containers — like pie pans or food storage containers — as pots. But it’s important to get the right potting mix. Here’s what you need to get started growing indoors.
Good Dirt All Purpose Potting Mix ($9.99; target.com)
A potting mix specifically formulated for containers is essential. CaliKim loves Good Dirt potting mix, which can be used over and over again. (Most potting soils break down and can’t be used in subsequent growing seasons.)
Elongated Self Watering Planter Box with Coconut Coir Soil ($29.99, originally $32.99; amazon.com)
This self-watering container takes a lot of the guesswork out of gardening. Leave it on a counter or install it in a window or porch and let the magic happen.
Ankace Grow Light ($23.99, originally $39.99; amazon.com)
Usually, a sunny windowsill can support an indoor garden. But if you don’t get much light, or don’t have a spot to place a plant near sunlight, this small grow light can do wonders.
AeroGarden Sprout with Gourmet Herb Seed Kit ($89.81, originally $99.95; amazon.com)
If you want an indoor garden setup that removes the guesswork, AeroGarden’s hydroponic growing system is an editor favorite. It includes an LED grow light, and seed pod kits let you grow everything from salads to herbs to flowers.
Zyliss Herb Scissors ($15.74, originally $18.10; amazon.com)
These lightweight scissors are great for harvesting tender herbs as well as for prepping them. Stem strippers between the handles allow you to quickly pull delicate leaves off stalks.
’Year-Round Indoor Salad Gardening’ by Peter Burke ($26.95; amazon.com)
Not sure where to start? Lettuces grow quickly and grow year-round. This book on growing lettuce and microgreens indoors is written with small kitchens and homes in mind.
Container garden ideas
If you have some outdoor space, container gardens offer a lot of flexibility: it’s easy to move plants around for better light, or even indoors in case of unexpected frost. You might be surprised just how much you can grow in containers. Here’s what you need to grow and harvest a delicious container garden.
Wooden Elevated Garden Bed Kit with Legs ($149.99; amazon.com)
A balcony or other small outdoor space can become a bountiful garden with this approximately 30-inch by 18-inch raised wooden garden bed. The shelf underneath is perfect for storing the watering can and gardening tools or more plants in pots.
5-Pack 5 Gallon Grow Bags ($25.99; amazon.com)
CaliKim likes fabric containers for container gardening. Lighter than terra cotta, they also let the roots breath and prevent root circling, a process where the roots grow around the plant and can eventually choke it. These pots are great for root health of container plants and can be easily washed and stored between growing seasons if needed.
Versa-Brella SPF 50+ Adjustable Umbrella ($19.99; amazon.com)
This is a must-have for many balcony gardeners. If gardening in a small outdoor space means too much harsh direct sunlight for part of the day, try clamping this Versa-Brella to any railing, chair or other nearby object to shield delicate starters.
Watering Can with Tulip Design, 2-Gallon ($13.99; amazon.com)
Containers often require more watering than in-ground gardens. If you don’t have a hose on your back porch or patio, a large watering can is a must.
Fiskars Ergo Trowel ($7.89; amazon.com)
A good hand trowel can last for years and costs about as much as two lattes. This well-rated option from Fiskars is light enough to be comfortable but strong enough to cut through packed dirt.
Pine Tree Tools Bamboo Working Gloves ($14.97, amazon.com)
These gardening gloves fit, well, like a glove. The “second-skin” design means you won’t feel clumsy whether you’re digging, weeding or gently planting seeds.
Bio Green City Jungle ($99.99; biogreen-products.com)
Randy Schultz, the content editor for Home, Garden and Homestead, recommends City Jungle planters for terraces, which are more space-efficient than several large round buckets or terra cotta planters. Bonus: They’re self-watering.
’Simple Steps to Success: Fruit and Vegetables in Pots’ by DK ($8.78; amazon.com)
This quick-reference guide to growing food in pots has all the basic info needed to make a fruitful container garden in any outdoor space.
Backyard garden ideas
Ah, the backyard garden. If space is available, it really opens up the possibilities. Just make sure, whether you’re using raised or in-ground beds, that you’ve got good-quality soil. CaliKim suggests reaching out to landscapers about buying soil in bulk to get your garden off the ground.
Ames Digging Shovel ($18.98; homedepot.com)
CaliKim also encourages gardeners to be creative: Think about repurposing an existing flower bed or plot of shrubs or other decorative plants. In-ground gardens require a bit more grunt work. The most important elements are a digging shovel and sweat equity. A full-sized shovel will come in handy whether setting up an in-ground or raised bed.
Gardeners Blue Ribbon 60-Inch Green Steel Tomato Cage ($8.99; lowes.com)
Sturdier than the cheap wire tomato cages, these also fold flat for storage, meaning they can be used season after season.
CobraHead Weeder ($29.95; amazon.com)
Schultz loves his CobraHead weeder, which can lift weeds and cut through roots with ease. This Fiskars Weeder ($12.99; amazon.com) is also highly rated and a fraction of the cost.
Greenland Gardener Raised Garden Bed Kit ($26.92; homedepot.com)
Raised beds are an affordable DIY project, but do require tools and time. Kits are more expensive, but offer convenience and can be set up alone in minutes.
GrowGreen 50-Foot Hose (starting at $38.99; amazon.com)
All hoses are not created equal. GrowGreen’s expandable hose won’t twist or tangle and expands up to three times its length. As a bonus, it comes with a spray nozzle for even more control.
E.share 40% Black Shade Cloth (starting at $24.99; amazon.com)
If temperatures regularly get into the mid-90s where you are, CaliKim recommends a shade cloth to block the worst of the sun’s rays in the height of summer.
Vremi 9 Piece Garden Tool Set ($54.99; amazon.com)
This set has almost everything you need to get started with a small backyard garden, as well as a handy tote to store it all in.
Red Home Club Thick Kneeling Pad ($14.97, originally $17.97; amazon.com)
Even a raised bed garden will require some kneeling and crouching. A comfortable kneeling pad will make it easier to tend to the garden — so you’ll be more likely to do it!
Einskey Sun Hat ($14.99; amazon.com)
A few minutes of gardening per day can add up to hours of sun exposure over a season. Protect yourself by wearing a hat that provides good coverage and keeping arms and legs covered in lightweight layers.
Garden Genie Gloves, gloves with claws ($10.96; amazon.com)
One thing that makes gardening so enjoyable is getting closer to the earth. Well, these clawed gloves turn hands into tillers and make digging in the dirt both productive and tons of fun.
’Mini Farming: Self-Sufficiency on 1/4 Acre’ by Brett L. Markham ($13.73; amazon.com)
You don’t need much guidance to start an outdoor garden with a few plants or herbs as a hobby. But if you’re looking to grow a major portion of the produce you put on the table, a reference book is essential. This book looks at how to grow up to 85% of a family’s food on as little as a quarter of an acre.
And now, a word about compost
There are tons of plant foods and additives out there, but you really just need a good soil and some compost, says CaliKim. No matter where you plant your garden, you’ll want to layer some compost on top to feed the plants, and add it every month or so throughout the season. Compost can literally be free if you want to make it yourself, but you can also purchase it at a garden center.
OXO Good Grips Easy-Clean 1.75-Gallon Compost Bin ($29.99; amazon.com)
Many composters keep a small bin in the kitchen that gets transferred to the bigger bin (see below) in the backyard as needed.
Squeeze Master Large Compost Tumbler Bin ($149.99, originally $159.99; amazon.com)
A rotating composter eliminates th