Honoring the unforgivable
Updated 10:42 AM ET, Wed June 17, 2020
(CNN)To many, these are not matters for debate.
If historical figures embraced hate or violence, it doesn't matter that they were great singers, innovators or wartime strategists, nor that they had changes of heart later in life.
"In many cases, preserving history was not the true goal of these displays," former Southern Poverty Law Center president Richard Cohen said of the center's 2016 report that found at least 1,500 US government-backed tributes to the Confederacy.
"Rather, many of them were part of an effort to glorify a cause that was manifestly unjust -- a cause that has been whitewashed by revisionist propaganda that began almost as soon as the Civil War ended. Other displays were intended as acts of defiance by white supremacists opposed to equality for African Americans during the civil rights movement."
To say the hate or violence was a product of the times may sound fair, but protesters today are products of theirs. Cancel culture, with its shortcomings, insists that Christopher Columbus was no explorer but rather the most brutal of colonizers, and Robert Lee was no general; he was a slave-owning traitor who led thousands to their deaths in a rebellion to defend the subjugation of blacks.
Here are some other unforgivable acts:
George Preston Marshall
Think the football team in the nation's capital has a controversial name? You should learn about its founder.
In 1961, the Washington Redskins were the only of 14 NFL squads that hadn't integrated. Interior Secretary Stewart Udall confronted Marshall, explaining then-DC Stadium was on national park land and the team might not keep its lease if Marshall didn't sign a black player.
The powerful Marshall replied that he wanted to debate the issue with President John F. Kennedy. Marshall considered his "the team of the South" -- the team song at the time included the line, "Fight for old Dixie" -- and Marshall had said, "We'll start signing Negroes when the Harlem Globetrotters start signing whites."
Status: A monument honoring Marshall stands outside what is now Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium.
Source: The Washington Post
Benning was no garden-variety Confederate general. He was a champion of its darkest aims, years before the Civil War began.
He "was such an enthusiast for slavery that as early as 1849 he argued for the dissolution of the Union and the formation of a Southern slavocracy. Fort Benning's physical location, on former Native American territory that became the site of a plantation, itself illustrates the turbulent layers beneath the American landscape," retired Army Gen. David Petraeus wrote in an essay.
Status: Fort Benning near Columbus, Georgia, bears his name.
Six years before the Emancipation Proclamation, the US Supreme Court chief justice wrote in Dred Scott v. Sandford that no slave or descendant of slaves -- freed or not -- could be "acknowledged as a part of the people." Slaves were property, he ruled, and thus, the Fifth Amendment barred courts from freeing them.
The 1857 decision stood 11 years, until the 14th Amendment was passed in 1868. Scott died in 1858.
Taney wrote of slaves, "We think they are not, and that they are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word 'citizens' in the Constitution."
"On the contrary," he continued, "they were at that time considered as a subordinate and inferior class of beings, who had been subjugated by the dominant race, and, whether emancipated or not, yet remained subject to their authority, and had no rights or privileges but such as those who held the power and the Government might choose to grant them."
Status: Statues of Taney have been removed from the Maryland State House and from Baltimore's Mount Vernon neighborhood. A statue of Dred and Harriet Scott stands in St. Louis.
Source: Dred Scott v. Sandford
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Before his "wizardry" with a saddle made him the first grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan -- of which he was one of its earliest members -- Bedford's men exacted one of the more disturbing massacres in American military history.
After successfully attacking Fort Pillow, manned by hundreds of black and white Union soldiers in Henning, Tennessee, Bedford's troops continued the "slaughter" after many troops surrendered, according to Sgt. Achilles Clark's letter to his sisters in 1864.
"Words cannot describe the scene. The poor deluded negroes would run up to our men, fall upon their knees and with uplifted hands scream for mercy but they were ordered to their feet and then shot down. The white men fared but little better. Their fort turned out to be a great slaughter pen," he wrote.