Sexual inactivity increased among young American men between 2000 and 2018, according to researchers from Indiana University and Sweden's Karolinska Institutet who studied survey data from US adults. Postponement of adulthood and the growth of the internet and digital media could be reasons for why.
Researchers analyzed data looking at sexual frequency and number of sexual partners, looking at responses supplied by more than 4,000 men and 5,000 women for each question.
Men who were unemployed
, had part-time employment or lower incomes were more likely to be sexually inactive, researchers found, noting that the percentage of sexually inactive 18- to 24 year-old men increased from 18.9% between 2000 and 2002 to 30.9% between 2016 and 2018.
Women aged 25 to 34 were also having less sex, researchers said in an investigation published Friday in the medical journal JAMA Network Open
, pointing out that students were most likely to be affected.
The reasons for this downturn are complicated, researchers said.
"Higher income could mean more resources to search for partners and could be considered as more desirable by such partners," report co-author Peter Ueda said in a statement. "But the association might also be due to other factors such as personality, values and life choices that are associated with both income and the likelihood of being sexually active," he said.
In an invited commentary on the research, Jean M. Twenge, professor of psychology at San Diego State University, said that "a broader cultural trend toward delayed development" could have had an impact on sexual trends.
"First, adolescents and young adults are taking longer to grow to adulthood. This includes the postponement of not just sexual activity but also other activities related to mating and reproduction, including dating, living with a partner, pregnancy and birth," Twenge explained.
These reproductive trends are "part of a broader cultural trend toward delayed development," Twenge said, and had not occurred in isolation.
"It is more difficult to date and engage in sexual activity when not economically independent of one's parents," Twenge wrote.
However, researchers were also quick to point out that the trend of "growing up slowly" did not explain why sexual activity had decreased among older and married adults, noting that "the growth of the internet and digital media" could be affecting sex lives.
"Put simply, there are now many more choices of things to do in the late evening than there once were and fewer opportunities to initiate sexual activity if both partners are engrossed in social media, electronic gaming or binge-watching," Twenge added.
While social media and internet sites should in theory make it easier for Americans to find sexual partners, the use of mobile technology could interfere with the satisfaction garnered from in-person interaction, Twenge said.
It's not just young people in the US who have been having less sex. British couples are having less sex than in the previous two decades, although the number of people wanting more is rising, according to a 2019 study
from the United Kingdom's London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.
A number of health benefits
have been linked to regular sex, including reduced stress, improved heart health and better sleep.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, however, it might be harder than usual for couples to act on their impulses, with stay-at-home orders and other social distancing measures still in place in many countries around the world.