CNN  — 

Sen. Richard Burr surrendered his cell phone to the FBI on Wednesday as part of a Justice Department probe into stock transactions he made ahead of the sharp market downturn sparked by concerns over the coronavirus, a senior DOJ official has confirmed.

The phone was turned over after a warrant was served on the North Carolina Republican’s lawyer, the official said. Use of the warrant had been signed off at the highest levels of the Justice Department, as is protocol, according to the source.

The Senate-issued cell phone was Burr’s primary device and investigators have asked Apple for information from Burr’s iCloud backup, according to a person familiar with the investigation.

The Los Angeles Times first reported the seizure on Wednesday. A law enforcement official told the newspaper that Burr turned over his phone after agents served a search warrant at his home in the Washington area.

The warrant and subsequent cell phone seizure mark a notable step in the probe into whether Burr sought to profit from information he obtained in nonpublic briefings about the virus’s spread. CNN has reached out to Burr, his attorney, the Justice Department and the FBI for comment. White House press secretary Kayleigh McEnany referred reporter inquiries to Burr’s office on Thursday.

Burr, who leads the Senate Intelligence Committee, has been scrutinized for selling up to $1.7 million in stocks in February after he received closed-door briefings about the virus before the market began trending downward.

He has denied any wrongdoing – saying he made the trades based solely on public information, not information he received from the committee – and he asked the Senate Ethics Committee to review the sales after they were made public.

Still, he’s faced lingering public scrutiny from his sales – which represent a sizable share of his portfolio of stocks, according to his latest Senate financial disclosure documents, filed in May 2019, although exact numbers aren’t possible because lawmakers report trades only as a range of dollar values.

Burr’s fellow Republican senator from North Carolina, Thom Tillis, reiterated his previous comments that Burr needs to explain his actions.

“Well, I think that that’s something that, as they worked out with Menendez, is something between Senator Burr and the leader. I do believe, as I said before, he owes us all an explanation and I was well aware of the fact that an investigation is moving forward. We just need to see where the investigation ends,” Tillis, who is up for reelection, told radio host Hugh Hewitt Thursday in response to a question about whether it would be appropriate for Burr to remain chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee.

Sen. Bob Menendez of New Jersey had to step down as the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee while he was investigated and ultimately found not guilty of corruption charges. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell did not respond to a question Thursday morning about whether Burr should remain chairman.

Several other senators from both parties also sold and bought stock ahead of the market downturn that resulted from the pandemic, although it’s not clear who else the Justice Department may be looking at.

Congress passed the Stock Act in 2012, which made it illegal for lawmakers to use inside information for financial benefit. Under insider trading laws, prosecutors would need to prove the lawmakers had traded based on material nonpublic information they had received in violation of a duty to keep it confidential.

Additionally, CNN reported earlier this month that Burr’s brother-in-law, Gerald Fauth, sold a half-dozen stocks for as much as $280,000 on the same day in February that Burr did.

Burr, however, denies he coordinated his trading with his brother-in-law that day and declined to discuss the controversy when asked whether he had been in touch with the Justice Department or the Ethics panel last week.

“I’m not addressing it at all,” he said. “Let’s let these things play out.”

This story has been updated to include additional reporting and reaction.

CNN’s Jeremy Herb, Kara Scannell, Ted Barrett, Ali Zaslav, Manu Raju and Devan Cole contributed to this report.