Here's how much Europe's royal families really cost
Updated 11:45 AM ET, Thu March 19, 2020
Being born royal no longer guarantees a job-free life.
Many European monarchies have "downsized" significantly in recent decades -- meaning that dozens of royals are expected to find gainful employment and pay their own way.
Of the 10 main royal families in Europe, nine still receive public funding for carrying out their duties -- the only exception being the Princely House of Liechtenstein, which doesn't get any taxpayer money to cover its expenses.
How much money each family receives depends on local laws and traditions. Some countries give their royals one large lump sum. In others, the funding comes from a variety of sources, making a direct comparison difficult.
And just who gets to be a "full-time" royal, meaning that all they do is to represent the crown, also varies from place to place. In some countries, being the monarch's cousin is enough to qualify as a full-timer.
Elsewhere, even the brothers and sisters of the king or queen are expected to find a job.
Scroll through the images below to reveal full-time royals in each country.
The British royal family is among the largest and richest in Europe -- most of Queen Elizabeth II's immediate family, including several of her cousins, are full-time royals.
According to the monarchy's official website, 16 adults and three children are currently considered full-time members. Five are missing from the photo above: the Queen's husband Prince Philip; Sophie, Countess of Wessex, who is the Queen's daughter-in-law; two of the Queen's cousins, Princess Alexandra and Prince Edward; and Edward's wife Katharine, the Duchess of Kent.
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The Queen's activities and her family are largely funded through the Sovereign Grant, which amounted to £82.2 million (about $103 million) in 2018-19. That's a large amount of money, but it also has to cover the renovation of Buckingham Palace, a major 10-year undertaking.
Still, the "firm" -- as the family is known in the UK -- is getting smaller.
The Queen's second son, Prince Andrew, the Duke of York, stepped away from public duties in November 2019 over his relationship with convicted pedophile Jeffrey Epstein.
Another bombshell came in January, when Harry and Meghan, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, decided to quit and work towards financial independence. They attended their last public engagements earlier this week.
Their departure means the number of adult working royals has been cut to 14.
Harry and Meghan will join many of the Queen's other grandchildren who work outside the royal family: Prince Andrew's eldest daughter Princess Beatrice works at the software company Afiniti, while her sister, Princess Eugenie, is a director at the Hauser & Wirth art gallery. Zara Tindall, Princess Anne's daughter, is a successful equestrian. Her brother Peter Phillips has worked in sports management.
Monaco's royal family has four adult members who work as full-time royals -- Prince Albert II, his wife Princess Charlene and his sisters Princess Caroline and Princess Stephanie.
Albert II and Charlene have two young children -- twins Princess Gabriella and Prince Jacques. Gabriella was born two minutes earlier than Jacques, but he will one day take over the monarchy. As a man, he will take precedence over his older sister. Albert II has two older children, who were born out of wedlock and as such are not considered royal.
The royal house received $54.4 million in 2020, according to the principality's official budget. Of that, $14.6 million goes to the Prince, while the rest covers the administration, staff and palace maintenance costs.