European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen speaks during a press statement at the Berlaymont building in Brussels on March 10, 2020. (Photo by Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images)
US travel restrictions catch European leaders off guard
00:58 - Source: CNN
CNN  — 

As travel restrictions go into effect for a large part of Europe, President Trump’s move to fight coronavirus has left panicked and confused Americans rushing to return home.

At 11:59 p.m. Friday, travel restrictions will take effect for a large swath of Europe, enacting President Donald Trump’s latest travel ban and setting in motion the potential need for additional airport screening.

During his prime-time address Wednesday night, Trump framed the pandemic as “foreign virus,” despite increasing instances of community spread inside the US.

Most foreign nationals who were in Europe’s Schengen Area – 26 countries stretching from Iceland to Greece – will be barred from entering the US. American citizens, green-card holders, some family members, and a few other groups are exempt from the travel ban but will face additional health screenings and restrictions when they arrive.

On Thursday, Vice President Mike Pence told CNN that Americans coming home will be funneled through 13 different airports.

“They’ll be screened and then we’re going to ask every American and legal resident returning to the United States to self-quarantine for 14 days,” Pence said.

Sources tell CNN that travelers from Europe will be diverted to one of the 11 airports screening passengers from China and Iran. Discussions are underway to add airports but will be depend on US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention capacity, according to two sources familiar with the plans.

The current 11 airports where enhanced health screenings are available are: JFK in New York; Chicago O’Hare; San Francisco International; Seattle-Tacoma International; Daniel K. Inouye International in Honolulu; Los Angeles International; Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International; Washington-Dulles International; Newark Liberty International in New Jersey; Dallas/Fort Worth International; and Detroit Metropolitan Airport.

The Department of Homeland Security is “ready,” said one source, but the administration if examining traffic, talking to airlines and ensuring the CDC is appropriately placed and scaled. “That is the challenge right now,” the source said.

CNN reached out to CDC and the vice president’s office.

Some airlines have already begun to cancel flights to and from Europe over decreased demand.

A DHS spokesperson on Thursday told CNN that the US government sees a number of countries on the European continent as the biggest threat concerning the coronavirus, adding that the Trump administration does not have those concerns about the United Kingdom. DHS told CNN they have seen a lot of broken travel histories from individuals from some of those European countries, which makes it harder to track their movements.

During a press gathering Thursday afternoon, Trump said he did not have concerns about the United Kingdom, which he claimed, has “very strong borders.”

In February, the US launched restrictions to contain the outbreak. Most foreign nationals who visited China in the 14 days prior to their arrival to the US are denied entry. That was expanded to include Iran earlier this month.

Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf directed all flights to the US carrying people who were recently in China or Iran to arrive at one of the US airports where the CDC and DHS have focused public health resources. The restrictions on the European countries are expected to operate similarly to the ones already in place, a US official told CNN.

Airlines are expected to vet travelers before they fly to determine if they are allowed to enter the US. If a traveler arrives who is restricted, Customs and Border Protection can deny entry and return them to their country of origin.

As of March 10, CBP refused entry to 15 people who arrived at US airports, according to data obtained by CNN.

Concern over travel from Europe has grown as the number of cases, particularly in Italy, spiked. The Schengen Area has the largest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases outside of China, according to the White House.

Acting Homeland Security Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli said Wednesday that Europe presents a “unique problem,” because the Schengen Area – which allows for free movement throughout most European Union countries – creates a region where “they don’t have borders for the purposes of travel.” He questioned whether it “even makes sense” to treat Italy as a unitary entity.

Italy has been among the hardest hit countries when it comes to the coronavirus outbreak. As of Wednesday afternoon, more than 800 people had died in the country after being sickened with the virus and more than 12,000 people had been diagnosed with the disease. That includes a jump of more than 2,300 cases on Wednesday alone.