Half of the world's beaches could disappear by the end of the century, study finds

(CNN)Climate change poses an existential threat to the world's sandy beaches, and that as many as half of them could disappear by the end of the century, a new study has found.

Even by 2050 some coastlines could be unrecognizable from what we see today, with 14% to 15% facing severe erosion.
While the amount of beach lost will vary by location, the study found that many densely populated areas -- including those along the US East Coast, South Asia and Central Europe -- could see some shorelines retreat inland by nearly 330 feet (100 meters) by 2100.
      "We considered the threshold of 100 meters because if erosion exceeds 100 meters, then this means that most likely, the beach is going to disappear because most of the world's beaches are even narrower than 100 meters," said Michalis Vousdoukas, a coastal oceanographer and scientific officer at the European Commission who was a lead author of the study. "In a way, we consider this to be a conservative assessment."
        The study was published Monday in the scientific Journal Nature Climate Change and was conducted by scientists from the European Commission's Joint Research Center, as well as universities in Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands.
          Royal Palms Beach in the San Pedro area of Los Angeles is shown in 2017 studded with boulders placed to stop erosion.
          Using updated sea level rise projections, the researchers analyzed how beaches around the world would fare in a future with higher seas and more damaging storms.
          They also considered natural processes like wave erosion and a beach's underlying geology, as well as human factors -- like coastal building developments, dams and beach nourishment efforts -- all of which can affect a beach's health.
          The study found that sea level rise is expected to outweigh these other variables, and that the more heat-trapping gases humans put into the atmosphere, the worse the impacts on the world's beaches are likely to be.
          It's hard to overstate just how important the world's beaches are.
          They cover more than one third of the world's coastlines, and serve as a critical buffer to protect coastal areas from storm surge.
          Beaches are also important economic engines, supporting recreation, tourism and other activities.
          And in some regions, the beach is more than just a vacation destination.
          In places like Brazil and Australia, life near the coast revolves around the beach for much of the year.
          "There are large parts of the world where sandy beaches have value that cannot be directly monetized," Vousdoukas said.
          Some of the world's most popular stretches of sand are already waging a war against physics.
          Normally, beaches are dynamic environments. Shorelines are supposed to naturally shift and change with the tide and respond to changes in sea level.
          "The coast that we see today is just a snapshot in time," said Robert Young, the director of the Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines at Western Carolina University and a coastal geologist who was not involved in this study. "Our beaches, our wetlands and estuaries, they move back and forth in response to the changing sea level and they have since time began."
          However, scientists say that when we develop near the water, we disrupt a beach's ability to move and halt the natural processes that allow sand to replenish on its own.
          Today, many of the beaches facing the worst erosion problems are located in urbanized areas, where high-rises and roads butt right up against the shoreline.
          Places like Miami Beach are trucking in thousands of tons of sand to patch up badly eroded shorelines, while others have built massive sea walls and breakwaters in an attempt to hold precious sand in place.
          But the