WHITE SETTLEMENT, TX - DECEMBER 29: An exterior view of West Freeway Church of Christ where a shooting took place during services on December 29, 2019 in White Settlement, Texas. The gunman was killed by armed members of the church after he opened fire during Sunday services. According to reports, a security guard was killed by the assailant and one other person has life-threatening injuries. (Photo by Stewart  F. House/Getty Images)
WHITE SETTLEMENT, TX - DECEMBER 29: An exterior view of West Freeway Church of Christ where a shooting took place during services on December 29, 2019 in White Settlement, Texas. The gunman was killed by armed members of the church after he opened fire during Sunday services. According to reports, a security guard was killed by the assailant and one other person has life-threatening injuries. (Photo by Stewart F. House/Getty Images)
PHOTO: Stewart F. House/Getty Images
Now playing
02:35
Video shows gunman open fire inside church
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
03:33
Dr. Gupta discusses transmissibility of new Covid-19 variants
Alabama Tornado Damage 0126
Alabama Tornado Damage 0126
PHOTO: WBMA
Now playing
02:00
Tornado rips through north Birmingham, Alabama area
PHOTO: Senate TV
Now playing
06:32
House delivers Trump impeachment article to Senate
Biden US China tech war Wang pkg intl hnk vpx_00010025.png
Biden US China tech war Wang pkg intl hnk vpx_00010025.png
Now playing
02:37
US-China tech rivalry will likely continue under Biden presidency. Here's why
US President Joe Biden delivers remarks before signing an Executive Order in the South Court Auditorium at the White House on January 25, 2021 in Washington, DC. (Photo by JIM WATSON / AFP) (Photo by JIM WATSON/AFP via Getty Images)
US President Joe Biden delivers remarks before signing an Executive Order in the South Court Auditorium at the White House on January 25, 2021 in Washington, DC. (Photo by JIM WATSON / AFP) (Photo by JIM WATSON/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOTO: Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images
Now playing
02:50
Biden thinks US can get to 1.5 million vaccine doses daily
diegal
diegal
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
02:58
Former Republican: We've got a bankrupt party
Virgina Mason advanced registered nurse practitioner Erin Forsythe loads a syringing with the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine during a partnership with the hospital network and Amazon to increase the efficiency of vaccinations, at the Amazon Meeting Center in downtown Seattle, Washington on January 24, 2021. - Amazon is partnering with Virginia Mason for a one-day pop-up clinic on January 24. 2021 that aims to vaccinate 2,000 people at the companys Meeting Center near downtown Seattle. Virginia Mason is handling vaccine administration, while Amazon is providing the location and help with logistics. (Photo by Grant HINDSLEY / AFP) (Photo by GRANT HINDSLEY/AFP via Getty Images)
Virgina Mason advanced registered nurse practitioner Erin Forsythe loads a syringing with the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine during a partnership with the hospital network and Amazon to increase the efficiency of vaccinations, at the Amazon Meeting Center in downtown Seattle, Washington on January 24, 2021. - Amazon is partnering with Virginia Mason for a one-day pop-up clinic on January 24. 2021 that aims to vaccinate 2,000 people at the companys Meeting Center near downtown Seattle. Virginia Mason is handling vaccine administration, while Amazon is providing the location and help with logistics. (Photo by Grant HINDSLEY / AFP) (Photo by GRANT HINDSLEY/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOTO: Grant Hindsley/AFP/Getty Images
Now playing
02:20
Coronavirus cases and hospitalizations plateau across US
WASHINGTON, DC - AUGUST 10:  The Trump International Hotel is shown on August 10, 2017 in Washington, DC.  The hotel, located blocks from the White House, has become both a tourist attraction in the nation
WASHINGTON, DC - AUGUST 10: The Trump International Hotel is shown on August 10, 2017 in Washington, DC. The hotel, located blocks from the White House, has become both a tourist attraction in the nation's capital and also a symbol of President Trump's intermingling of business and politics. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
PHOTO: Win McNamee/Getty Images
Now playing
01:56
Why SCOTUS is dismissing emolument cases against Trump
TAMPA, FL - AUGUST 29:  U.S. Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH) waves during the third day of the Republican National Convention at the Tampa Bay Times Forum on August 29, 2012 in Tampa, Florida. Former Massachusetts Gov. Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney was nominated as the Republican presidential candidate during the RNC, which is scheduled to conclude August 30.  (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
TAMPA, FL - AUGUST 29: U.S. Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH) waves during the third day of the Republican National Convention at the Tampa Bay Times Forum on August 29, 2012 in Tampa, Florida. Former Massachusetts Gov. Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney was nominated as the Republican presidential candidate during the RNC, which is scheduled to conclude August 30. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
PHOTO: Mark Wilson/Getty Images
Now playing
02:16
GOP senator explains why he won't seek reelection
Now playing
02:26
See Biden sign executive order lifting transgender military ban
PHOTO: WTHR
Now playing
00:40
Officials: Pregnant woman among 5 killed in 'mass murder'
PHOTO: CBS
Now playing
01:46
Dr. Birx: Trump presented graphs that I never made
PHOTO: CNN
Now playing
03:25
Biden's HHS secretary pick: If we do this, we will get the pandemic under control
Unit photography of CNN 35 year anniversary documentary photographed on Monday, April 20, 2015 in Los Angeles, CA. Subjects were former CNN anchors Larry King and Jim Moret.

Photo by John Nowak/CNN
Unit photography of CNN 35 year anniversary documentary photographed on Monday, April 20, 2015 in Los Angeles, CA. Subjects were former CNN anchors Larry King and Jim Moret. Photo by John Nowak/CNN
PHOTO: John Nowak/CNN
Now playing
02:38
Larry King's CNN legacy
WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 06: Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) attends a press conference with Rep. Andy Levin (D-MI) about their new bill called the EV Freedom Act on Capitol Hill on February 6, 2020 in Washington, DC. The EV Freedom Act is a plan to create a nation wide charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. (Photo by Samuel Corum/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 06: Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) attends a press conference with Rep. Andy Levin (D-MI) about their new bill called the EV Freedom Act on Capitol Hill on February 6, 2020 in Washington, DC. The EV Freedom Act is a plan to create a nation wide charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. (Photo by Samuel Corum/Getty Images)
PHOTO: Samuel Corum/Getty Images
Now playing
03:35
Rioter charged with threatening to 'assassinate' Ocasio-Cortez, officer
Now playing
07:26
'What research did you do?': Brown presses GOP lawmaker on election fraud claims
(CNN) —  

The North Texas town of White Settlement, the site of a deadly church shooting over the weekend, was built in the 1840s.

It’s a relatively small town, with a population of nearly 18,000.

Here is how it got its name:

The land was historically occupied by the Comanche, Tonkawa and Caddoc tribes, according to Norris Chambers, founder of the White Settlement Historical Museum. When an influx of white settlers began moving into the area in the mid-19th century, the indigenous people named the land for its new residents.

In the 1840s, there were seven Native American communities and just one village of white settlers, Chambers said.

Chambers said the white settlers decimated bison populations to drive the Native Americans onto reservations, and few were left by the turn of the century.

The town almost changed its name

Today, more than 82% of White Settlement’s residents are white. Native Americans make up 0.5%.
The town considered changing its name in 2005 amid concerns that “White Settlement” was deterring potential businesses. The proposal was ultimately defeated by a margin of 9-to-1 among the 2,500 residents who voted, the New York Times reported at the time.

“Today our name keeps us from having a meaningful conversation with potential partners,” said Grant Jackson, a member of the Choctaw tribe of Oklahoma who moved to White Settlement in the 1970s. “It doesn’t mean there’s any racial strife here, but something like West Settlement would go down a lot easier.”

Then-Mayor James Ouzts told NPR the name reflected the town’s racial demographics and insisted no residents considered it racist.

“I have never had a minority approach me about the name,” he said in 2005.