Muslim pilgrims gather at the Grand Mosque in Saudi Arabia's holy city of Mecca on Thursday, August 8.
Abdel Ghani Bashir/AFP/Getty Images

Hajj 2019: The pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia

Updated 1:35 PM ET, Mon August 12, 2019

Muslim pilgrims gather at the Grand Mosque in Saudi Arabia's holy city of Mecca on Thursday, August 8.
Abdel Ghani Bashir/AFP/Getty Images

The annual Hajj pilgrimage, which began Friday, is considered the spiritual pinnacle for 1.8 billion Muslims around the globe.

As one of the five pillars of Islam, Muslims who are physically and financially able to make the journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, are required to perform the Hajj at least once in his or her lifetime.

The journey, which is made over five days during the last month of the Islamic calendar, is a chance for Muslims to seek redemption, to forgive and be forgiven. During the pilgrimage a number of detailed rituals are carried out, including wearing special white garments and moving in a counter-clockwise procession around the Kaaba, a cube-shaped structure draped in black silk that is believed to have been constructed by the Prophet Abraham from the Old Testament.

The Prophet Mohammed made the first pilgrimage to Mecca in 628 AD with 1,400 followers. Now, as a way to manage entries, Saudi Arabian authorities require pilgrims to apply via a strict visa application.

Saudi Arabia's Director General of Passports, Maj. Gen. Sulaiman Al Yahya, said that by Wednesday -- two days before the Hajj -- 1.8 million pilgrims had arrived in the country by air, land and sea ports.

In 2018, 2.37 million Muslims made the journey to Mecca -- which is the only Islamic holy site where both men and woman can pray and perform all the Hajj rites together.